Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
Stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action.
obstinate, stubborn as a mule, mulish, headstrong, wilful, strong-willed, self-willed, pig-headed, bull-headed, awkward, difficult, contrary, perverse, recalcitrant, refractoryView synonyms
- ‘Two minutes into second half the visitors' obdurate defence finally cracked, for the first time in 280 minutes.’
- ‘Its best to get in reasonably early as it can be fiendishly difficult to get into, and the doorstaff can be unyielding and obdurate, despite your silver-tongued attempts to gain access.’
- ‘But with Liverpool likely to field a weakened team to face an obdurate Burnley side buoyed by back-to-back wins and clean sheets, it may not be such a foregone conclusion.’
- ‘Those fields didn't miraculously appear there - they were lovingly hewn from the obdurate landscape by men like Willie Corduff and his ancestors.’
- ‘There is no doubting their commitment, however, and they will continue to offer obdurate opposition for the rest of the challengers.’
- ‘That will be grist to McGeechan's mill after an afternoon in which his side struggled to wear down obdurate but limited opponents.’
- ‘As decreed by what was called the Holy Office at that time, the dwellers in Hell included those it had condemned for obdurate heresy.’
- ‘Meanwhile, time alone probably will not have unevolved the obdurate and ancient instinct that all humans bear.’
- ‘In favouring the obdurate option, United cramped Celtic for room and impressively limited their effectiveness.’
- ‘His image as an obdurate hardman culminated in the notorious case where he bit reporter Frank Oliver's nose.’
- ‘I perhaps sound like an obdurate woman lacking the maternal instincts worthy of such a precious gift as a child but nothing could be further from the truth.’
- ‘The Egyptian polity, remarkably obdurate for the past quarter of a century and deeply rooted in authoritarian structures established more than 50 years ago, is apparently coming apart at the seams.’
- ‘But I think it saddened him to see people obdurate, unwilling to let go of doctrinaire positions instead of facing issues on their merits.’
- ‘One Cape Town newspaper headline screamed: ‘Just say yes, Mr President’ but Mbeki remained obdurate.’
- ‘The husband looked up from poking the washing machine with his screwdriver to suggest I was being obdurate.’
- ‘This was Australia at their obdurate best, probing for every run and every sign of weakness, inching towards respectability and a dangerously competitive total on a pitch of uneven bounce.’
- ‘But for all his reputation as a pragmatist, there's a steely and obdurate side to him that comes to the surface every so often.’
- ‘They are, after all, award-winning teachers, however obdurate a pupil the federal government is proving.’
- ‘No one but the most obdurate can fail to acknowledge that the main political problem that has convulsed this beautiful State is still a long way from being resolved.’
- ‘Over the next few weeks, Rosemary discovered that several other people had planned to open small shops in Camembert, only to give up after encountering obdurate bureaucracy.’
Late Middle English (originally in the sense ‘hardened in sin, impenitent’): from Latin obduratus, past participle of obdurare, from ob- ‘in opposition’ + durare ‘harden’ (from durus ‘hard’).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.