Definition of nuclear physics in English:

nuclear physics

plural noun

  • [treated as singular] The physics of atomic nuclei and their interactions, especially in the generation of nuclear energy.

    • ‘What is the difference between atomic and nuclear physics?’
    • ‘Subsequent studies of the atom were divided into investigations of the electronic parts of the atom, atomic physics, and investigations of the nucleus itself, nuclear physics.’
    • ‘The result, appearing in the 28 October print issue of PRL, argues against the suspicion of many undergraduates that nuclear physics is needlessly complicated.’
    • ‘Since we are talking a little about atomic and nuclear physics, we wanted to tell you about antimatter.’
    • ‘Their results, which appear in the 20 August print issue of PRL, show that the neutrons form a halo around the nuclei - a finding that may settle a long-standing debate in nuclear physics.’
    • ‘The advent of quantum mechanics, relativity theory, and nuclear physics during the first half of the twentieth century led to some of the most impressive strides in modern astrophysics.’
    • ‘It took the new theoretical tools of nuclear physics, brought to the task by Bethe, to sort out their merits and demerits, and convincingly resolve the problem.’
    • ‘The internal structure of the nucleon is fundamental to nuclear physics.’
    • ‘First, although he was apparently quite familiar with electrical discharge physics, Richter must have been unfamiliar with nuclear physics.’
    • ‘There are about a dozen quantities in atomic and nuclear physics that are fundamental to our current understanding of science.’
    • ‘Among publications on many topics he published work on Dirac's theory of the electron, on the new theory of light, on Uhlenbeck's theory of spin, and on applications of wave mechanics to nuclear physics.’
    • ‘Now, a suite of nuclear physics instruments on board NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft has identified what is almost certainly a new reservoir of water: ice frozen into subsurface soil.’
    • ‘The idea that energy came in discrete packets was also successfully applied to the simplest of all atoms, the hydrogen atom, by Niels Bohr in 1913 and to other aspects of atomic and nuclear physics.’
    • ‘Turing's work was instrumental in the development of computers, and the crucial electronic circuitry evolved from the scale-of-two counter devised for nuclear physics by the physicist C. E. Wynn Williams.’
    • ‘This repulsion is of fundamental importance in conventional nuclear physics because it prevents mergers that would obliterate the identity of individual nucleons.’
    • ‘In the history of physics, for example, the discovery of isotopes by Frederick Soddy and Francis Aston is usually cast as part of a linear sequence of discoveries in atomic and nuclear physics.’
    • ‘He worked on atomic collisions, astrophysics, low-temperature physics, atomic and nuclear physics, thermodynamics, quantum electrodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, quantum field theory, and plasma physics.’
    • ‘The failure to blow up suggests that physicists are missing something essential about neutrinos and nuclear physics, says Janka.’
    • ‘In the 1930s the Cavendish was dominated by Ernest Rutherford and nuclear physics.’
    • ‘Isotope-based sourcing relies not only on nuclear physics, but also on Earth science and biology.’