One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A long-coned European spruce that is widely grown as an ornamental and for timber and pulp.
Picea abies, family Pinaceae
- ‘Several species of trees were used for this purpose, most commonly Scots pines and Norway spruces.’
- ‘The nursery grows mainly white spruce, black spruce, Norway spruce, jack pine, red pine, eastern white pine, Scots pine and smaller amounts of various other species.’
- ‘For example, in the province of Norrbotten there were twenty times as many old Scots pines and Norway spruces as there are today.’
- ‘Needle retention on cut trees is generally better than that for white and Norway spruces and is almost as good as that of pines.’
- ‘Until very recently, the wood comprised mainly of Norway spruce with beech, Scots pine, oak, grey willow and birch, with some rowan and holly in the shrub layer.’
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