Definition of nomenclature in US English:

nomenclature

noun

  • 1The devising or choosing of names for things, especially in a science or other discipline.

    • ‘As usual, we must begin with a careful study of nomenclature, using well-established rules of anatomical deconstruction.’
    • ‘And, again as with wine, a whole complex system of nomenclature and description has grown up.’
    • ‘The Levinson system of nomenclature was proposed originally for rare-earth minerals in order to avoid a proliferation of trivial names.’
    • ‘Each type of study has produced its own system of nomenclature and, hence, classification.’
    • ‘As concerns nomenclature, inadvertently, Professor Judson fails to follow his own advice, no doubt because he is a historian, not a biologist.’
    • ‘No consistent system of nomenclature has emerged for the description of stromatoporoid external morphology.’
    • ‘What we need is a return to industry-wide nomenclature for malicious code; used by all vendors and facilitating the reporting, analysis, and resolution of such outbreaks.’
    • ‘The topics in those categories that were less widely dispersed throughout the curriculum included stereochemistry, drug design, drug nomenclature, natural products and biotechnology.’
    • ‘Chapter 2 provides an informative and readable summary of nomenclature covering the rules and concepts of the zoological and botanical codes and their relation to stability.’
    • ‘Jemima Lewis in the Telegraph makes some telling points about journalistic iconography and scientific nomenclature.’
    • ‘We follow the general rules of zebrafish nomenclature for designating locus and allele names.’
    • ‘Various aspects of nomenclature, classification, pathogenesis, antifungal therapy, laboratory methods and associated terminologies have been suitably updated.’
    • ‘For reasons given by Nevo, we will follow the traditional nomenclature, which considers separate taxa.’
    • ‘These set guidelines and publish a reports containing the rules of nomenclature.’
    • ‘In phylogenetic nomenclature, taxon name definitions are based on ancestry and descent rather than the possession of subjective ‘key’ characters.’
    • ‘Official codes of nomenclature continue to enforce this rule - one name, one species - although rooting out synonyms and homonyms is a constant struggle.’
    • ‘Then, as now, type specimens constituted the fundamental entity upon which species are described according to the rules of zoological nomenclature.’
    • ‘The gene nomenclature follows the rules for gene symbols in wheat.’
    • ‘In conclusion, White's insistence on the need for consistency in mineral nomenclature is important, and, over time, I suspect that many of the problems he identifies will be sorted out.’
    • ‘A few years ago they started a system of plate nomenclature - three letters, three numbers.’
    1. 1.1 The body or system of names in a particular field.
      ‘the nomenclature of chemical compounds’
      • ‘Classification and nomenclature have changed.’
      • ‘As with alliance military technology, the interoperability of command systems and nomenclature is essential.’
      • ‘Initially, Western readers will grapple with the code names and nomenclature of Soviet weapon systems - many do not even match the terms found in arms-control treaties sponsored by the Soviet Union.’
      • ‘This is the first attempt to document fully the nomenclatural history of a clade with the intent of proposing a coherent nomenclatural system to replace the traditional rank-based nomenclature.’
      • ‘The majority of the terms in historical and currently used nomenclature have been summarized by Rosenqvist and van Kooten.’
      • ‘His List of New Guinea Birds deals with the biogeography of those birds, as well as with their systematics and nomenclature.’
      • ‘There's a lot of truth in John Sturrock's warning about the tyranny of medical nomenclature.’
      • ‘Various histopathologic patterns of bronchiolar injury have been described and have led to confusing nomenclature with redundancies and overlapping terms.’
      • ‘The nomenclature for protein families often has a historical background.’
      • ‘Although the original nomenclature is retained no attempt is made to interpret the coefficients in terms of the reaction processes that determine seedling growth.’
      • ‘A comprehensive index of all the microbiologic terms and bacterial nomenclature completes the book.’
      • ‘For various reasons, the traditional nomenclature is used here.’
      • ‘There is no systematic nomenclature for gene and protein names, which has led to a number of possible writing variants and synonyms being associated with the proteins that makes detection and classification difficult.’
      • ‘Genus and species nomenclature throughout this paper follow Sibley and Monroe, the most geographically comprehensive recent checklist.’
      • ‘One underlying concern that arose throughout the analysis was the variation in medication nomenclature.’
      • ‘It's a good thing for you that you didn't go into a biological science; if you had, you would have been dealing not only with a binomial system of nomenclature but one in which the words are in Latin.’
      • ‘Part of the confusion regarding this nomenclature arises from the common lack of connection between the trace fossil name and the name of its original trace maker.’
      • ‘The nomenclature of the gene names is explained in the Methods section’
      • ‘The result of this early work was the sometimes contradictory cellular nomenclature.’
      • ‘In fact Irvine says Morrison's version largely sticks to its classical narrative and nomenclature, but she admits she was initially wary of being drawn into heavy-handed polemic.’
    2. 1.2formal The term or terms applied to someone or something.
      ‘“customers” was preferred to the original nomenclature “passengers.”’
      • ‘And, I add, my duties didn't change much because of our vehicles' nomenclatures, just as NCO duties and responsibilities don't differ dramatically from what they were 50 or 60 years ago.’
      • ‘In doing so, the author's attention to detail is exceptional, with the reader being hard-pressed to find any technical errors amid the nomenclatures, characteristics or capabilities of equipment cited.’
      • ‘Rationalists have over the centuries and under different nomenclatures given lead to the struggle for civilisation.’
      • ‘It is termed ‘humanitarian’, but a more apt nomenclature would instead be ‘crime against humanity’.’
      • ‘In the 1980s, this nomenclature fell into disuse with increasing focus on industry.’
      • ‘It would be as if a person simply made up new words or special meanings for words then recorded facts based on them, but then kept no record of that special nomenclature.’
      • ‘For convenience sake I have coined my own nomenclature.’
      • ‘Some of these nomenclatures are still encountered in the literature, but for simplicity, only the new abbreviations are used.’
      • ‘And how can it change its nomenclatures summarily like this, anyway?’
      • ‘What we need to do is hurry up and integrate, not just bringing down tariffs but removing non-tariff barriers, harmonizing customs procedures and policies and agreeing on tariff nomenclatures,’ he said.’
      • ‘Many years ago, when A. M. Rosenthal was executive editor of the New York Times, I raised a small question of religious nomenclature which resulted in a change in the paper's style manual.’
      • ‘Even a superficial look at nomenclatures will show that many of these models are irreconcilable, as shown in Figure 1 below.’
      • ‘Well we can go around in circles all day about the nomenclatures that we use.’
      • ‘Customs procedures and nomenclatures and product standards will be harmonized, licensing procedures will be streamlined, visa requirements for travel will be expedited.’
      • ‘If you call with a complaint or a problem try to use the correct nomenclature or terminology for the part or problem you are addressing.’
      • ‘In our culture, the meaning of ‘love’ has been all but lost, probably because we don't have the nomenclature in our language.’
      • ‘When someone says they're seeking avant-garde people, does that just mean that they're looking for pretentious people, or is this nomenclature something I don't quite entirely understand?’
      phraseology, terms, expressions, words, language, parlance, vocabulary
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Origin

Early 17th century: from French, from Latin nomenclatura, from nomen ‘name’ + clatura ‘calling, summoning’ (from calare ‘to call’).

Pronunciation

nomenclature

/ˈnōmənˌklāCHər//ˈnoʊmənˌkleɪtʃər/