Definition of nitrobenzene in English:

nitrobenzene

noun

Chemistry
  • A yellow oily liquid made by nitrating benzene, used in chemical synthesis.

    • ‘Aniline is manufactured by reduction of nitrobenzene, using hydrogen gas and a copper catalyst, or using iron, water, and hydrochloric acid for the reduction.’
    • ‘When nitrobenzene is nitrated with nitric and sulfuric acids, for example, 93 percent of the substituted groups end up at meta positions.’
    • ‘Benzene and nitrobenzene are heavier than water and they are settling on the river bottom or sticking to the ice.’
    • ‘Prof Barbour says that because these cavities are closed off, with no pores leading out, it was a surprise to notice gas bubbles escape from the crystals after they were submerged in nitrobenzene.’
    • ‘Most commercial furniture polishes come in aerosol form and may also contain harmful additives, including phenol and nitrobenzene, both of which are on the EPA's list of toxic chemicals.’

Pronunciation

nitrobenzene

/ˌnītrōˈbenzēn/