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A colorless or pale yellow liquid acid that is corrosive and poisonous and has strong oxidizing properties, made in the laboratory by distilling nitrates with sulfuric acid.
- ‘A nitronium ion, made by treating nitric acid with sulfuric acid, is the electrophile.’
- ‘Oxidizing acids such as nitric acid or strong sulphuric acid cannot be handled with copper alloys.’
- ‘Ether can be oxidized by nitric acid to produce ethanoic acid.’
- ‘In a second method, toluene is mixed with nitric acid and oxidized to produce benzoic acid.’
- ‘When ammonia is reacted with nitric acid, ammonium nitrate is produced.’
Late 18th century: from French acide nitrique.
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