Definition of Nigeria in US English:


proper noun

  • A country on the coast of West Africa, bordered by the Niger River on the north; population 182,200,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Abuja; languages, English (official), Hausa, Ibo, Yoruba, and others.

    The site of highly developed kingdoms in the Middle Ages, the area came under British influence during the 19th century and was consolidated into a single colony in 1914. Independence came in 1960, and it became a federal republic in 1963, while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Oil was discovered in the 1960s and 1970s; since then, Nigeria has emerged as one of the world's major exporters