Definition of neurotransmitter in English:

neurotransmitter

noun

Physiology
  • A chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve fiber by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, causes the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fiber, a muscle fiber, or some other structure.

    • ‘Cnidarians contain chemical synapses and release neurotransmitters, including biogenic amines and peptides.’
    • ‘A neuron generates an electrical impulse, causing the cell to release its neurotransmitters.’
    • ‘Nerve impulses are transmitted at synapses by the release of chemicals called neurotransmitters.’
    • ‘Excitatory neurotransmitters transfer an impulse to the next cell.’
    • ‘Postsynaptic proteins receive the neurotransmitters released by presynaptic proteins.’

Pronunciation:

neurotransmitter

/ˌn(y)o͝orōˈtranzmidər/