A specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
- ‘It is made up from millions of nerve cells called neurones that control your body's functions, senses and thoughts.’
- ‘These are cells which can be the raw material for all sorts of organs and tissues, from the pancreas to nerve cells, or neurones in the brain, to heart cells.’
- ‘It is possible to isolate a multipotent stem cell from neural crest that can give rise to neurons, glia, and smooth muscle.’
- ‘Botulinum toxin induces weakness of striated muscles by inhibiting transmission of alpha motor neurones at the neuromuscular junction.’
- ‘The thalamus (of which there is one on each side) is a large and important mass of nerve cells or neurons.’
Late 19th century: from Greek neuron, special use of the literal sense ‘sinew, tendon’. See nerve.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.