Definition of neurilemma in English:

neurilemma

noun

Anatomy
  • The thin sheath around a nerve axon (including myelin where this is present)

    • ‘The neurilemma of a medullated fibre contains myelin laid down by Schwann cells.’
    • ‘These nuclei are believed to be in connection with a delicate sheath corresponding with the neurolemma of the medullated nerve fiber.’
    • ‘When an axon is cut the neurilemma forms a regeneration tube.’
    • ‘The oligodendrocyte does not form a neurilemma because its cell body does not wrap around any axons.’
    • ‘The axis cylinder is the essential conducting structure of the nerve, while the neurolemma and the myelin act as insulating agents.’
    covering, cover, case, casing, envelope, sleeve, wrapper
    View synonyms

Pronunciation:

neurilemma

/ˌn(y)o͝orəˈlemə/