Definition of naturalism in English:



  • 1(in art and literature) a style and theory of representation based on the accurate depiction of detail.

    • ‘Certainly social realism, naturalism and similar conceptions can and have produced great art and literature.’
    • ‘The painterly naturalism that we see in these early genre scenes was indeed motivated by a vision of nature - that is, by a vision of human nature conceived in terms both biological and social.’
    • ‘The play calls on the actors to explore different acting styles in scenes that range from kitchen-sink naturalism to loopy surrealism.’
    • ‘The script does wobble - we lurch from naturalism to cinematic surrealism, with apparently little to justify it.’
    • ‘He consequently links early photography with the Realist project, tying it to an urge for naturalism in both the arts and sciences.’
    • ‘The film's authentic feel derives not from naturalism, nor even from realism in any ordinary sense.’
    • ‘There's a mix of naturalism and stylization that is not, but almost, perfectly achieved in his images of animals on the cover.’
    • ‘The laurel tree, which Correggio renders with great naturalism, simultaneously evokes notions of fidelity, chastity, and poetic attainment.’
    • ‘This is a magical piece of theatre, with a streak of engaging, sly humour and playfulness that takes you into a theatrical world where naturalism and expressionism, realism and surrealism sit side by side.’
    • ‘Art nouveau naturalism tends to he expressive.’
    • ‘It's just an amazing range - from Greek-like naturalism to total abstraction.’
    • ‘He combined elements of naturalism and romanticism to create a portrait of Napoleon which was both more physically accurate and more emotionally probing than the work of any of his rivals.’
    • ‘At first sight, the painting seems a piece of outright naturalism but detail indicates all is not what it seems.’
    • ‘Gritty realism, social realism, naturalism are among the tags applied to Loach's work.’
    • ‘He lived in Paris 1910-14 and was influenced by the Expressionistic naturalism of Rodin.’
    • ‘Works on view chart the artist's shift from naturalism to an exploration of existential themes.’
    • ‘These artists advocated a move away from modernist styles to a more straightforward naturalism.’
    • ‘It represents a rustic vision of Jacob wrestling with the Angel, but the real struggle fought out on canvas is between naturalism and symbolism in art.’
    accuracy, exactness, exactitude, precision, preciseness, correctness, scrupulousness
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  • 2A philosophical viewpoint according to which everything arises from natural properties and causes, and supernatural or spiritual explanations are excluded or discounted.

    • ‘As he demonstrates, scientific naturalism has gradually undermined theological explanations of the world.’
    • ‘Similarly, according to many defenders of naturalism, philosophy is not discontinuous with science.’
    • ‘In other words, materialistic naturalism says that there is nothing more to me outside of my physical body.’
    • ‘Substantive epistemological naturalism is the view that all epistemic facts are natural facts.’
    • ‘Modern scientists have confused these two and believe that science requires philosophical naturalism.’
    • ‘In brief, the message of this government-promoted television series was that philosophical naturalism and science are one and the same.’
    • ‘The second is philosophical naturalism, which says that everything in the universe is governed by natural law and nothing ever circumvents that law.’
    • ‘Most of the chapter consists of criticisms of Johnson's writings on naturalism and the philosophy of science.’
    • ‘Nord apparently does not understand that justification for methodological naturalism is purely pragmatic.’
    • ‘Methodological naturalism is nothing more than a description of how science is currently practiced.’
    • ‘The frenzied opposition to Darwinism today is clearly based upon fear that scientific naturalism will undermine religious faith.’
    • ‘When facing the challenge of Darwinian naturalism, three mistakes must be avoided.’
    • ‘First, he presents atheism as a form of naturalism - the belief that the natural world is the only world there is.’
    • ‘For contrary to what is commonly believed, modern evolutionary theory and philosophical naturalism are quite clearly incompatible.’
    • ‘A closely related feature of Quine's philosophy is a deep naturalism, which was also inherited from Mill.’
    • ‘He riles theistic evolutionists, because he exposes their surrender to Darwinian naturalism.’
    • ‘I had always been opposed to naturalism as an explanation of human existence.’
    • ‘Evolutionary theory is no more tied to metaphysical naturalism or atheism than is meteorology or medical science.’
    • ‘A supernatural metaphysics has nothing to fear from methodological naturalism.’
    • ‘Most atheists and other advocates of philosophical naturalism also believe in materialism, the idea that everything that actually exists is material or physical.’
    authenticity, fidelity, verisimilitude, truthfulness, faithfulness, naturalism
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    1. 2.1(in moral philosophy) the theory that ethical statements can be derived from nonethical ones.
      • ‘But recent discussions of naturalism in ethics and philosophy of mind return to issues he addressed and this has led to a new appreciation of his position.’
      • ‘I have therefore put up a very brief essay setting out my version of ethical naturalism and showing that ethical naturalism does NOT lead to the abandonment of standards that Leftists pretend it does.’
      • ‘Like classical naturalism, Finnis's naturalism is both an ethical theory and a theory of law.’
      • ‘One objection against it is one directed against all forms of ethical naturalism: namely that the biological origins of a sentiment have no obvious bearing on its ethical value.’
      • ‘As is well known, he was a powerful critic of ethical naturalism, holding that goodness is a ‘simple’ and ‘nonnatural’ property.’
    2. 2.2
      another term for natural religion