Definition of naturalism in US English:

naturalism

noun

  • 1(in art and literature) a style and theory of representation based on the accurate depiction of detail.

    The name “Naturalism” was given to a 19th-century artistic and literary movement, influenced by contemporary ideas of science and society, that rejected the idealization of experience and adopted an objective and often uncompromisingly realistic approach to art. Notable figures include the novelist Zola and the painter Théodore Rousseau

    ‘his attack on naturalism in TV drama’
    • ‘It's just an amazing range - from Greek-like naturalism to total abstraction.’
    • ‘The film's authentic feel derives not from naturalism, nor even from realism in any ordinary sense.’
    • ‘He combined elements of naturalism and romanticism to create a portrait of Napoleon which was both more physically accurate and more emotionally probing than the work of any of his rivals.’
    • ‘The laurel tree, which Correggio renders with great naturalism, simultaneously evokes notions of fidelity, chastity, and poetic attainment.’
    • ‘This is a magical piece of theatre, with a streak of engaging, sly humour and playfulness that takes you into a theatrical world where naturalism and expressionism, realism and surrealism sit side by side.’
    • ‘Art nouveau naturalism tends to he expressive.’
    • ‘Works on view chart the artist's shift from naturalism to an exploration of existential themes.’
    • ‘It represents a rustic vision of Jacob wrestling with the Angel, but the real struggle fought out on canvas is between naturalism and symbolism in art.’
    • ‘He consequently links early photography with the Realist project, tying it to an urge for naturalism in both the arts and sciences.’
    • ‘The painterly naturalism that we see in these early genre scenes was indeed motivated by a vision of nature - that is, by a vision of human nature conceived in terms both biological and social.’
    • ‘The play calls on the actors to explore different acting styles in scenes that range from kitchen-sink naturalism to loopy surrealism.’
    • ‘The script does wobble - we lurch from naturalism to cinematic surrealism, with apparently little to justify it.’
    • ‘Certainly social realism, naturalism and similar conceptions can and have produced great art and literature.’
    • ‘Gritty realism, social realism, naturalism are among the tags applied to Loach's work.’
    • ‘These artists advocated a move away from modernist styles to a more straightforward naturalism.’
    • ‘There's a mix of naturalism and stylization that is not, but almost, perfectly achieved in his images of animals on the cover.’
    • ‘He lived in Paris 1910-14 and was influenced by the Expressionistic naturalism of Rodin.’
    • ‘At first sight, the painting seems a piece of outright naturalism but detail indicates all is not what it seems.’
    accuracy, exactness, exactitude, precision, preciseness, correctness, scrupulousness
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  • 2The philosophical belief that everything arises from natural properties and causes, and supernatural or spiritual explanations are excluded or discounted.

    ‘this romanticized attitude to the world did conflict with his avowed naturalism’
    • ‘Most of the chapter consists of criticisms of Johnson's writings on naturalism and the philosophy of science.’
    • ‘Most atheists and other advocates of philosophical naturalism also believe in materialism, the idea that everything that actually exists is material or physical.’
    • ‘As he demonstrates, scientific naturalism has gradually undermined theological explanations of the world.’
    • ‘Modern scientists have confused these two and believe that science requires philosophical naturalism.’
    • ‘Methodological naturalism is nothing more than a description of how science is currently practiced.’
    • ‘Substantive epistemological naturalism is the view that all epistemic facts are natural facts.’
    • ‘Nord apparently does not understand that justification for methodological naturalism is purely pragmatic.’
    • ‘He riles theistic evolutionists, because he exposes their surrender to Darwinian naturalism.’
    • ‘When facing the challenge of Darwinian naturalism, three mistakes must be avoided.’
    • ‘Evolutionary theory is no more tied to metaphysical naturalism or atheism than is meteorology or medical science.’
    • ‘A supernatural metaphysics has nothing to fear from methodological naturalism.’
    • ‘A closely related feature of Quine's philosophy is a deep naturalism, which was also inherited from Mill.’
    • ‘For contrary to what is commonly believed, modern evolutionary theory and philosophical naturalism are quite clearly incompatible.’
    • ‘I had always been opposed to naturalism as an explanation of human existence.’
    • ‘In brief, the message of this government-promoted television series was that philosophical naturalism and science are one and the same.’
    • ‘Similarly, according to many defenders of naturalism, philosophy is not discontinuous with science.’
    • ‘In other words, materialistic naturalism says that there is nothing more to me outside of my physical body.’
    • ‘The frenzied opposition to Darwinism today is clearly based upon fear that scientific naturalism will undermine religious faith.’
    • ‘First, he presents atheism as a form of naturalism - the belief that the natural world is the only world there is.’
    • ‘The second is philosophical naturalism, which says that everything in the universe is governed by natural law and nothing ever circumvents that law.’
    authenticity, fidelity, verisimilitude, truthfulness, faithfulness
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    1. 2.1 (in moral philosophy) the theory that ethical statements can be derived from nonethical ones.
      • ‘Like classical naturalism, Finnis's naturalism is both an ethical theory and a theory of law.’
      • ‘As is well known, he was a powerful critic of ethical naturalism, holding that goodness is a ‘simple’ and ‘nonnatural’ property.’
      • ‘I have therefore put up a very brief essay setting out my version of ethical naturalism and showing that ethical naturalism does NOT lead to the abandonment of standards that Leftists pretend it does.’
      • ‘But recent discussions of naturalism in ethics and philosophy of mind return to issues he addressed and this has led to a new appreciation of his position.’
      • ‘One objection against it is one directed against all forms of ethical naturalism: namely that the biological origins of a sentiment have no obvious bearing on its ethical value.’
    2. 2.2
      another term for natural religion

Pronunciation

naturalism

/ˈnaCH(ə)rəˌlizəm//ˈnætʃ(ə)rəˌlɪzəm/