Main definitions of nap in English

: nap1nap2nap3nap4

nap1

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Sleep lightly or briefly, especially during the day.

    • ‘Make sure you relax enough but avoid cat napping.’
    • ‘Mack was napping on the couch when Jack and Sam came into the living room.’
    • ‘The younger participants also reported slightly more time napping but slightly poorer sleep quality than the older participants.’
    • ‘Sure, I think, I would be tired, but I could nap in the afternoon.’
    • ‘They would nap sometimes in the afternoon, but between lunch and dinner his brother always disappeared.’
    • ‘Kristen groaned loudly, wishing for a quiet time to nap peacefully.’
    • ‘I was very close to napping on the couch until he was done running around.’
    • ‘All this activity did wonders for their sleeping habits; they napped easily and slept through the night the entire week.’
    • ‘Her eyes were closed; she was probably napping again.’
    • ‘Following lunch, he would nap for an hour.’
    • ‘Why is it I sleep so much better napping during the day than I do at night?’
    • ‘For many months he wouldn't settle, slept fitfully, never napped and as a result was tired, irritable and tiring.’
    • ‘I wondered if I had been glued to the bed, I could barely will myself to move, and then finally able to lift a limb or two, I turned over and felt into a sound sleep, napping for an hour.’
    • ‘Tom was yawning sleepily, and Lily was already napping peacefully on his skinny shoulder.’
    • ‘I have no idea what I'm thinking or feeling about this, but I must be nervous, since I was up all night, and just napped very briefly today.’
    • ‘Rachel is napping on her couch in the middle of her run-down apartment.’
    • ‘They take behavioral steps to compensate for the sleep loss, napping during the day or early evening.’
    • ‘I soon found an unconscious Charlie napping quite peacefully near a dimly lit grove.’
    • ‘I figured that I could always nap in the early afternoon through West Virginia and Maryland.’
    • ‘His defence were napping once more and Shaun Varley was unchallenged as he guided in a header.’
    doze, sleep, sleep lightly, take a nap, catnap, rest, take a siesta, drowse
    View synonyms

noun

  • A short sleep, especially during the day.

    ‘excuse me, I'll just take a little nap’
    • ‘The second study showed that a 30-minute midday nap can reverse information overload.’
    • ‘Maybe a short little nap will help me think of what to say.’
    • ‘When I woke up from my nap on the couch it was dark outside.’
    • ‘There was even an unofficial press tradition of a nap after lunch, when nothing much tended to happen.’
    • ‘By the age of four, most children no longer require a daytime nap.’
    • ‘Some people call two hours of sleep a midday nap; I call it an accomplishment.’
    • ‘I groaned and rolled over as some obnoxious buzzing noise interrupted my nap.’
    • ‘I hope you've had a nice little nap, because I haven't slept in 24 hours.’
    • ‘If a 5-year-old gets adequate rest at night, he or she no longer needs a daytime nap.’
    • ‘Take a vacation, nap on the couch - whatever helps you recharge your engine and stay fresh.’
    • ‘I'll just take a nice long nap and you can wake me up in 2 hours.’
    • ‘Well, it had been a busy afternoon, and I'd missed out on my nap after lunch.’
    • ‘My nap was interrupted at about six that evening by a knock on my bedroom door.’
    • ‘He manages to sneak in a 2-hour nap before dinner.’
    • ‘The urge for a midday nap is built into your body's biological clock.’
    • ‘I felt a little weary when I'd eaten, and had a short afternoon nap to rest up.’
    • ‘He doubted anyone would mind if he caught a brief nap before they set off this afternoon.’
    • ‘He took a short nap in the afternoon and that was all.’
    • ‘Stop being such a party animal, and try taking a little cat nap.’
    • ‘Do not nap during the day if this prevents sleeping well at night.’
    • ‘And then we all had a nice long afternoon nap.’
    • ‘I think a mid evening power nap is the way forward.’
    • ‘Surely my 30 min power nap during the day shouldn't have given me that effect?’
    sleep, light sleep, catnap, siesta, doze, lie-down, rest
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Phrases

  • catch someone napping

    • informal (of a person, action, or event) find someone off guard and unprepared to respond.

      ‘he caught the runner napping off second base and tagged him out’
      • ‘From the restart, Windermere were caught napping, however, when poor tackling let Workington drive up the centre of the park.’
      • ‘Then 11 minutes from time City were caught napping again.’
      • ‘Several times throughout the first half, they were caught napping as the ball was played over, through and round them.’
      • ‘With Celtic pushing forward for the equaliser they were caught napping three minutes from time, to give the visitors a some what fortunate win.’
      • ‘I mean, you open the newspaper today and meningitis is across it many times and so we have been caught napping in terms of being arrogant enough to think that we've conquered infectious disease.’
      • ‘The burghers of the town had been caught napping during the committee stages of the Bill.’
      • ‘Eventually, Manchester took a 2-1 lead before half time with an opportunist goal when a quickly-take free hit just inside the 22 caught Kendal napping for a second time.’
      • ‘Look, the administration said months ago that we were caught napping in this area.’
      • ‘He said: ‘I was caught napping that morning, the top three competitors stole a huge advantage over me which prevented me from challenging for a top three position.’’
      • ‘Indeed, the inclusion of these fine players in the opposition ranks strengthened the Colne side and it was they who nearly opened the scoring as Ilkley were caught napping.’
      catch off guard, catch unawares, take by surprise, surprise, catch in an unguarded moment, catch out, find unprepared
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Origin

Old English hnappian, probably of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

nap

/næp//nap/

Main definitions of nap in English

: nap1nap2nap3nap4

nap2

noun

  • The raised hairs, threads, or similar small projections on the surface of fabric or suede (used especially with reference to the direction in which they naturally lie)

    ‘carefully machine the seam, following the direction of the nap’
    • ‘When woollen cloth was woven on a handloom the nap had to be combed in order to raise it.’
    • ‘Flannelette is a soft cotton fabric with a nap on one side.’
    • ‘Brush blanket on both sides with stiff brush to raise nap, press binding, using synthetic setting on iron.’
    • ‘It might have also had its nap raised by the use of teasels over the surface of the fabric.’
    • ‘Stitch all seams in the direction of the nap with right sides together.’
    • ‘For wear purposes, would it be best to have the grain nap go across the chair back and cushion, or from back to front, or front to back?’
    • ‘You can use it for fabric with a nap too - just put an arrow on it.’
    • ‘With these pressing aids, the velvet is placed face down on the board and the raised surface of the board prevents crushing the nap.’
    • ‘If the carpet is a dark color, a light sweeping sends the little grains into the nap, where they disappear from view.’
    • ‘Railroading means that the pattern or nap on the fabric goes from side to side of the roll rather than up the roll.’
    • ‘His bare feet stepped on the thick nap of the plush carpet underfoot.’
    • ‘Adapting this technique to fleece involves taking advantage of the fabric's loft and nap to simplify the process.’
    • ‘Flannel wool is a soft, lightweight fabric with a nap on one or both sides.’
    • ‘Even the red velvet cushions on each chair look untouched, brushed by the servants so that the nap is all in the same direction.’
    • ‘The fabric will smooth down if you are going with the nap (like stroking a cat).’
    • ‘Brushing the nap against the grain on the pieces that were hung the wrong way will sometimes provide a more uniform look.’
    pile, fibres, threads, weave, shag, texture, feel, surface, grain
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Origin

Late Middle English noppe, from Middle Dutch, Middle Low German noppe ‘nap’, noppen ‘trim the nap from’. nap (sense 2 of the noun) is probably from knapsack.

Pronunciation

nap

/nap//næp/

Main definitions of nap in English

: nap1nap2nap3nap4

nap3

noun

  • A card game resembling whist in which players declare the number of tricks they expect to take, up to five.

Origin

Early 19th century: abbreviation of napoleon, the original name of the card game.

Pronunciation

nap

/nap//næp/

Main definitions of nap in English

: nap1nap2nap3nap4

nap4

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (of a horse) refuse, especially habitually, to go on at the rider's instruction; jib.

    • ‘At the first fence, he naps and runs out, and I hit him, and he bucked me off and was running around this field with me and the owners chasing after him.’
    • ‘Vices, if they occur, like napping, can quickly be overcome, with no fear of getting the bit pulled through the mouth.’
    • ‘She will be showing people how to deal with issues like jumping, biting, rearing and napping by ‘listening’ to their horse.’

Origin

1950s: back-formation from nappy, an adjective first used to describe heady beer ( late Middle English), later used in the sense ‘intoxicated by drink’ (early 18th century), and since the 1920s used to describe a disobedient horse.

Pronunciation

nap

/næp//nap/