Definition of name in English:

name

noun

  • 1A word or set of words by which a person, animal, place, or thing is known, addressed, or referred to.

    ‘my name is Parsons, John Parsons’
    ‘Köln is the German name for Cologne’
    • ‘She always thought it was a funny name for a dad, but it was a comfortable name, a familiar name.’
    • ‘We'd love your ideas on content, presentation and a final name for the show.’
    • ‘No matter how confusing the English road names are, the Chinese name for the roads are unique.’
    • ‘At age ten I refused to take a saint's name as part of my name for the holy confirmation ceremony.’
    • ‘A ‘sea fret’ is the local name for the thick fogs that occasionally sweep in off the North Sea.’
    • ‘The word Hutu is the name for the majority of people who live in the countries of Rwanda and Burundi.’
    • ‘Well, it's just a fancy name for one of the most ancient toys known to mankind: the spinning top.’
    • ‘However, the children still haven't come up with a name for their new pet.’
    • ‘The botanical name for fennel - Foeniculum vulgare - comes from the Latin word foenum meaning hay.’
    • ‘CIA officers have a name for intelligence or military operations that rebound on those prosecuting them.’
    • ‘Carey's relatives call her by her second name and use the French form of my name for me.’
    • ‘The first two letters in this word refers to the names of the four lecturers.’
    • ‘A couple ended up in the Shenzhen divorce courts after failing to agree on a name for their child.’
    • ‘Meg was a name for a little girl, while Maggie was a name for a teenager.’
    • ‘My maiden name has been my name for my whole life and I saw no reason to change it.’
    • ‘From the root word Hri meaning imperishable, comes Hiranya the ancient name for gold.’
    • ‘And Frank would love to hear from any of you who can come up with a good name, or a better name for the series.’
    • ‘Urticaria is the medical name for red small raised welts which arise from release of histamine in the skin.’
    • ‘Before he could escort Hazel to the hospital ball, she had to submit his name for Matron's approval.’
    • ‘Every family had their own name for the plastic wedges you get as rewards.’
    title, denomination, designation, honorific, tag, epithet, label
    View synonyms
  • 2A famous person.

    ‘as usual, the big race will lure the top names’
    • ‘In fact, if one looks back over the many years of the event, some famous names crop up.’
    • ‘They may just be eight years old, but their paintings are to hang alongside those of the most famous names in modern art.’
    • ‘One of the most famous names in snooker will be giving a new club in York a big boost later this month.’
    • ‘I went wherever the food sounded good and then whacked three famous names at the top of the copy, willy-nilly, to keep the editor happy.’
    • ‘Famous names and faces grace the pages, but this is also a catalogue of America's social change.’
    • ‘Familiar names appear in the credits as they do in many a Wellington release.’
    • ‘All of the famous names in Bulgarian art can be seen until the end of January.’
    • ‘They went on to become some of the most famous names in postmodern art.’
    • ‘It started life in 1929 as a casino and art gallery, exhibiting the works of such famous names as Toulouse-Lautrec, Rodin and Léger.’
    • ‘Obviously, famous household names can disappoint over time.’
    • ‘The Olympic lightweight class, nevertheless, has produced some big household names.’
    • ‘The other stories in the collection are jointly authored with other famous sci-fi names and are quite different from the others.’
    • ‘College football was bigger then, and the famous names as coaches were college guys.’
    • ‘I picked the wrong one, based on the idea that it had been voiced by a famous name.’
    • ‘There are famous names, and some unexpected ones too, giving their revealing choices.’
    • ‘A famous name might get your foot in the door, but you'd better expect to do all the hard work yourself.’
    • ‘There are simply no bigger names in the robot acting community than C3P0 and R2D2.’
    • ‘She was actually a bit surprised when a familiar screen name popped up in a private window.’
    • ‘It became his anthem song and made him one of Australia's most famous names.’
    • ‘The show will also feature a very special celebrity Sports Day with some very famous names.’
    celebrity, star, superstar, vip, famous person, important person, leading light, celebutante, big name, luminary, mogul, person of note, dignitary, personage, worthy
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1[in singular] A reputation, especially a good one.
      ‘he set up a school that gained a name for excellence’
      • ‘Hitherto hopeless footballing nations suddenly emerged from obscurity and started to make a bit of a name for themselves.’
      • ‘Different salons have acquired a name for a particular service, says a beautician.’
      • ‘She's got a family and she works and she's made a good name for herself.’
      vilify, disparage, denigrate, defame, cast aspersions on, run down, impugn, revile, belittle, abuse, insult, slight, attack, speak badly of, speak ill of, speak evil of, pour scorn on, criticize, censure, condemn, decry, denounce, pillory
      malign, slander, libel, conduct a smear campaign against, spread lies about, blacken the name of, blacken the reputation of, sully the reputation of, bring into disrepute, discredit, stigmatize, traduce, calumniate, slur
      bad-mouth, do a hatchet job on, take to pieces, pull apart, throw mud at, drag through the mud, slate, knock, slam, pan, roast, throw brickbats at
      rubbish, slag off, monster
      pummel, dump on
      bag
      derogate, vituperate, asperse, vilipend
      reputation, character, repute, standing, stature, honour, esteem, prestige, cachet, kudos
      View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Give a name to.

    ‘hundreds of diseases had not yet been isolated or named’
    [with object and complement] ‘she named the child Edward’
    • ‘Subsequently, a new institute was opened for him in Berlin, which was later named the Robert Koch Institute.’
    • ‘I saw her moments after her birth and she was named in my honour.’
    • ‘The new myosins were named according to their chromosome position.’
    • ‘People are naming their children Persian names.’
    • ‘With special consideration, she names her zodiac sign, the Neman Lion.’
    • ‘My name wasn't always Noli you know, the people at the orphanage named me Jessica.’
    • ‘This is because a strangely named religious institution was at the heart of the scandal.’
    • ‘Our next sets of twins were a boy and a girl, and we named them Christopher Aaron and Charity Ann - Marie.’
    • ‘The company decided to honor the grandson of their long time employee by naming their newest vessel for him.’
    • ‘The third Chakkri ruler established a system of royal titles, and named himself Rama III.’
    • ‘Though I do admit that what people are naming their kids these days can be strange.’
    • ‘Following South Africa's two wins, the selectors named an unchanged squad of 14 for the final three encounters.’
    • ‘The title is basically named after that column so obviously it has some importance.’
    • ‘When I heard it was going to be correctly named after the book, I was slightly more impressed.’
    • ‘Trinidad was named by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage to the New World.’
    • ‘It's now named after the title of one of my all time favourite songs.’
    • ‘It would be another year before I'd identified it, named it, catalogued it, and was ready to get the hell out.’
    • ‘That posed a challenge in naming the institution.’
    • ‘For example, some structures are named according to their position with respect to the glenoid for purposes of orientation.’
    • ‘Some are named, the identifying labels of others have been effaced.’
    • ‘So you can tell without empirical investigation that you're naming the same thing twice; the conditions are satisfied.’
    • ‘The puppy was named after the post, so Das refused to tell me its name.’
    • ‘Athens is protected by Athene, and the city is named in her honor.’
    • ‘A lot of people think that I named her Jacqueline after Jacqueline Kennedy.’
    called, by the name of, baptized, christened, known as, under the name of
    call, give a name to, dub
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Identify by name; give the correct name for.
      ‘the dead man has been named as John Mackintosh’
      • ‘The couple, who cannot be named to protect the identity of the boys, had pleaded guilty in January to the three charges.’
      • ‘The boy, who cannot be identified, has named others in the gang.’
      • ‘The Report on the running of the Nursery, which can't be named to protect the identity of the young victims, highlights several key points.’
      • ‘The stench has become a simple fact of life for those who work here in eight-hour shifts as they carry out their grim task of naming the victims.’
      • ‘No schools have been named but a more detailed report containing a break down of pupil numbers and unfilled places is set to be published by September.’
      • ‘The victim has been identified by Gardaí, but has not been named as all relatives have yet to be informed.’
      • ‘They are formally named as defendants, but nothing turns on that.’
      • ‘At the start of the meeting organisers asked that no-one was named for fear of reprisals.’
      • ‘A relative, who to protect the surviving girl's identity could not be named, said she felt deeply pained by the incident.’
      • ‘Police arrived and arrested the teenager, who cannot be named for legal reasons.’
      • ‘The local sheikh, who has not been named, has been enlisted by the Allies to select committee members.’
      • ‘The worker, who would not be named, said employees had been told by management not to speak to press.’
      • ‘The man, who has not been named, was employed at a High School in Warrington.’
      • ‘The single mum, who cannot be named as an order was made preventing the identification of her son, admitted one charge of failing to make sure her child went to school.’
      • ‘A mother, who would not be named for fear of identifying her two young children, said she was frightened.’
      • ‘And we already have a couple of the suspects already named officially.’
      • ‘Only those that are named in the lawsuits could face bankruptcy.’
      • ‘The ninth victim has not been named but police have identified the eight others.’
      • ‘The priest, who cannot be named for legal reasons, admitted writing it.’
      • ‘The boy has not yet been named and a post-mortem is due to be carried out today.’
      • ‘The trust, based in England, is not willing to be named until agreements are signed later this week.’
      specified, designated, identified, cited, given, mentioned, selected, nominated, chosen, singled out
      identify, specify, cite, give, mention
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Give a particular title or epithet to.
      ‘she was named “Artist of the Decade.”’
      • ‘In May, the hotel was named the hottest downtown party scene.’
      • ‘He was named defensive player of the game at that position in the Senior Bowl.’
      • ‘Lido Place was named Chile's Horse of the Year after winning the Chilean Triple Crown in 2001.’
      • ‘The institution was named the Best Bank of Central and Eastern Europe in July this year.’
      • ‘An awards ceremony will be held in January, when one individual will be named Employee of the Year and receive the Achiever of the Year Award.’
      • ‘During the 1994-95 Ashes, he picked up 32 wickets and was named man of the series.’
      • ‘The college is named Institute of Technology of the Year.’
      • ‘First of all, in the history of naming a Person of the Year we've only had five women.’
      • ‘She has been named Employee of the Year by the education catering specialist.’
    3. 1.3 Mention or cite by name.
      ‘the sea is as crystal clear as any spot in the Caribbean you might care to name’
      • ‘Deans has named an unchanged side from the one which beat the Otago Highlanders in last week's semi-final.’
      • ‘The extra additions means Crooks, who names an unchanged starting line-up, will not be forced to continue his playing comeback.’
      • ‘Ireland have named an unchanged side from the one that clinched the Triple Crown against Scotland in their last test.’
      • ‘He dates a pretty dancer on the squad named Laila, who honestly cares for him.’
      • ‘They have again named an unchanged side, albeit one with a few chinks in the armour which West Indies could exploit.’
      • ‘Other nations bring youngsters to the tournament without naming them in the squad itself.’
      • ‘Colne are likely to name an unchanged side from the one that scored a derby victory at Padiham last Saturday.’
      • ‘Most of us have played in other local bands but nothing worth mentioning to name here.’
      • ‘Leicestershire have named an unchanged 12-man squad for the Championship match against Somerset.’
      • ‘Having praised the performance at Anfield, Allardyce will be tempted to name an unchanged side.’
      • ‘Sussex have named an unchanged 12-man squad from the side that defeated Warwickshire to face Middlesex at Hove.’
      • ‘England's cause this summer has been supremely aided by being able to name an unchanged side.’
      mention, make mention of, make reference to, allude to, touch on, speak about, speak of, talk about, talk of, write about, cite, comment on, deal with, go into, note, point out, call attention to, bring up, raise, broach, introduce
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4 Appoint (someone) to a particular position or task.
      ‘he was named to head a joint UN–OAS diplomatic effort’
      • ‘He was among the first eight players named to the Russian Olympic team last March.’
      • ‘He has not been named for any post in the interim government, and many analysts believe his political influence and power are destined to wane.’
      • ‘He was just named to the position, returning to the race school where he began his career in 1993.’
      • ‘They also had the player of the year, and four players were named to various all-American teams.’
      • ‘The group named him president of the new organization, a position he held for five years.’
      • ‘He has been named in the squad and the coaches are keeping their fingers crossed.’
      • ‘The council has some executive powers, like nominating ministers, changing laws, helping in naming a committee to draft a new constitution and preparing for free elections.’
      • ‘He won, was re-elected and was named to the post of mayor in October.’
      • ‘Australia names its team to play Ireland on Wednesday with the task of whittling down a side which ran in a record 22 tries on Saturday.’
      • ‘Newly named CEOs are guaranteed a trough of money before they've done any work.’
      • ‘He was recently named vice chairman of the Presidential Commission to investigate the security leaks.’
      • ‘He was named interim dean of the college in September 1994 and appointed dean in May 1995.’
  • 2Specify (an amount, time, or place) as something desired, suggested, or decided on.

    ‘he showed them the picture and named a price’
    • ‘She seldom knows, before the act, how much money she can expect from a client; by naming a price, she says, you can lose out, as he might want to show his appreciation.’
    • ‘I think I should take further advice before naming a sum.’
    • ‘She had become one of a handful of UK women fund managers whose track records mean they can virtually name their price.’
    • ‘Only 9.4 percent of CPAs from local firms named recruitment and retention as a major problem.’
    • ‘Once I had explained the situation to him, speaking with only a small strain in my voice, Deron named a place that we could meet.’
    • ‘Isaac names a sum, and all deem it fair but the Prior, who must now name the price of Isaac's freedom.’
    • ‘He is thought to favour the retention of the current system, whereby donors of substantial sums are named.’
    • ‘Ossie says the process allows employees to name what's most important to them.’
    • ‘Householders can, in effect, name their own sum assured, and hence dictate the level of premium they are asked to pay.’
    • ‘When he was elected mayor, he named East Austin his first priority.’
    • ‘We really are creatures of habit: The disruption of daily routines was named as the most common daily source of stress.’

adjective

  • [attributive] (of a person or commercial product) having a name that is widely known.

    ‘countless specialized name brands geared to niche markets’
    • ‘He had two fights against name opponents where a win would have propelled him into the limelight.’
    • ‘His big decision is whether to go for the kind of player he has brought in so far or chase some bigger name players.’

Phrases

  • by name

    • Using the name of someone or something.

      ‘ask for the street by name’
      • ‘The head of state has called for me by name, but I don't have time for him.’
      • ‘Yet in every time, there were men and women who clearly saw this sin and called it by name.’
      • ‘The girl who lapsed into a fit, repeatedly called on a woman by name to come and appease the ghosts she said were strangling her.’
      • ‘Familiar faces hove into view and the barman greets me by name even though I've not been here for eight months.’
      • ‘He admitted he would have had to remember the man by name while dealing with up to 600 referrals a year.’
      • ‘Significantly it is undated and Jekyll and Hyde is not mentioned by name.’
      • ‘We also made it clear that we would not be mentioning the artists by name and only used pseudonyms when dealing with the press.’
      • ‘She sat propped up in bed, bristling with tubes, and called to each of us by name.’
      • ‘Must have been rather noisy if they all greeted each other by name.’
      • ‘When she talks about him in a political context, and much later, long after the affair is over, she refers to him by name.’
      • ‘Two men drove up, called her by name and dragged her into their car, witnesses told police.’
      • ‘We took are places near the coach who had begun to call the rest of the team name by name.’
      • ‘The Full Court in the present case did so by naming the applicant by identifiers and not by name.’
      • ‘Finally, Mr. Ghost, are you afraid to identify yourself by name in a letter to the editor?’
      • ‘They were in the schoolroom scenes, and both are referred to by name.’
      • ‘In a crime which has baffled police, his wife opened the door to a man with an envelope who asked for her husband by name.’
      • ‘The White House did not mention him by name, but they says he certainly had him in mind.’
      • ‘Write the name down so you can thank the person by name at the conclusion of the interview.’
      • ‘As you may have noticed, I did not mention by name the venue in question for fear of legal action.’
      • ‘She does not want to mention anyone by name, but says she had support in everything she had to deal with.’
  • by the name of

    • Called.

      ‘a woman by the name of Smith’
      • ‘Finally something gave way, and a woman by the name of Brenda tackled the guy and order was restored.’
      • ‘A Jerusalem newspaper vendor, who goes by the name of Nava, immigrated to Israel from Morocco as a child.’
      • ‘Well, if you live in a South African city by the name of Port Elizabeth, you don't have to imagine.’
      • ‘It demands nothing of its audience and offers only a self-flattery that goes by the name of self-esteem.’
      • ‘But the day before, a man by the name of Ah Qiang was arrested when he set off to sell vegetables.’
      • ‘The Act of Succession of 1801 bars people by the name of Christopher from ascending the throne.’
      • ‘He had no family connections in the area and was thought to have lived in the Workington area of Cumbria and to have gone by the name of Stig.’
      • ‘I used to know a publican in Bristol by the name of George, who always built the most splendid of fires.’
      • ‘Council officials said they would inform the Councillor of the name of the worker they were dealing with so that the committee members could get in contact with him.’
      • ‘This was followed by another lad going by the name of Thanksgiving, who wore his jumper artistically inside out.’
      called, by the name of, baptized, christened, known as, under the name of
      View synonyms
  • call someone names

    • Insult someone verbally.

      • ‘It hurts every time I am called names and insulted by virtual strangers.’
      • ‘A school bully might push you out of your seat, kick you when your back is turned, demand lunch money, threaten or insult you, call you names, or make jokes about you.’
      • ‘Bullying can be mental like completely ignoring and excluding someone and can also be verbal like calling someone names.’
      • ‘I use the analogy that if you come to stay in another's house, you do not turn round and abuse their hospitality and call them names.’
      • ‘It's ok to call them names and insult every one of them.’
      • ‘She called me names, insulted me in front of my face, talked about me constantly, got her new friends to do the same as well.’
      • ‘The way he would tease her, call her names and insult the fact that she was Indian.’
      • ‘You ignored me, you called me names, you gave me the cold shoulder, remember?’
      • ‘Some people might make fun of them, or call them names, or even hurt them.’
      • ‘Yet I don't care what names I call him cause I don't feel any remorse in calling him names or insulting him.’
      offend, cause offence to, give offence to, affront, abuse, be rude to, call someone names, slight, disparage, discredit, libel, slander, malign, defame, denigrate, cast aspersions on, impugn, slur, revile, calumniate
      View synonyms
  • give one's name to

    • Invent, discover, found, or be closely associated with something that then becomes known by one's name.

      ‘Lou Gehrig gave his name to the disease that claimed his life’
      • ‘The History begins with the settlement in Britain of a great-grandson of the Trojan hero Aeneas, whose name was Brutus and who purportedly gave his name to the island.’
      • ‘Other celebrities giving their name to video games.’
      • ‘Although he only gave his name to the windscale because he popularised it, rather than invented it, he called himself a ‘meteorological philosopher’.’
      • ‘Cities, islands, waterfalls, lakes, rivers, universities, museums, and architecture, just to name a few, are all named for the Queen who gave her name to an era.’
      • ‘The god Hermes who gives his name to ‘hermeneutics’ was not only a thief, but also a mover, a shifter, of border and boundary markers - a warning to all interpreters!’
      • ‘In the Roman calendar she gives her name to ‘days of chastity’, puri dies, with which we may perhaps compare the Ember Days of the Christian Church.’
      • ‘He gives his name to Leeman Road, the site of the National Railway Museum.’
  • something has someone's name on it

    • A person is destined or particularly suited to receive or experience a specified thing.

      ‘he feared the next bullet would have his name on it’
      • ‘Nearly every plan and dream had Helen 's name on it.’
      • ‘It's the only job I've ever been at all Machiavellian about because, as far as I was concerned, it had my name on it.’
      • ‘But, like the barrier, neither bullet had my name on it and I managed to get away.’
      • ‘He has been running well in defeat this summer and this £10,000 prize could well have his name on it.’
      • ‘That bomb in distant Jakarta had your name on it.’
      • ‘The disappointed visitors were applauded off by relieved Everton fans who must surely now feel that the cup has their name on it.’
      • ‘Yet it is for hitting form so spectacularly in Japan and Korea in the summer, that the award really must have his name on it.’
      • ‘Any senior official suggesting events were inevitable, that the next bomb could have your name on it, would probably have been sacked for undermining public confidence.’
      • ‘We're a hell of a moving target every time we go to sea and who's to say that a torpedo doesn't have our name on it and we end up at the bottom of the Pacific.’
      • ‘One of those instant decisions - this is where I want to live. This place has my name on it.’
  • have to one's name

    • [often with negative]Have in one's possession.

      ‘I had a child on the way and hardly a penny to my name’
      • ‘Now all I have to my name is an overstuffed backpack.’
      • ‘He prefers to keep going, not dwelling too long on the achievements he already has to his name.’
      • ‘We can attract students from all over the world because they want a piece of the tradition of great success that we now have to our name.’
      • ‘He was a highly paid hacker for the government and that was all he had to his name.’
      • ‘The only money you have to your name belongs to a diamond and a lady.’
      • ‘He has to his name over 20 scholarly publications that appeared in this country and abroad.’
      • ‘The jury felt differently, and awarded a judgment that amounted to just about every dime I had to my name.’
      • ‘Drawing was the one thing I had to my name, but hardly a soul knew it.’
      • ‘One pair of faded jeans and purple boxer shorts were all he had to his name - he didn't even have shoes.’
      • ‘Water will be rushing all around you along with floating bodies, furniture, cars… everything you have to your name is lost under that water.’
      possess, own, be in possession of, be the owner of, be the possessor of, be the proud possessor of, have in one's possession, have to one's name, count among one's possessions, be blessed with, boast, enjoy
      View synonyms
  • in all but name

    • Existing in a particular state but not formally recognized as such.

      ‘these new punks are hippies in all but name’
      • ‘That's why the civil unions law in Connecticut has them so hyper - they recognize it as the equivalent of marriage in all but name.’
      • ‘After the Revolution of 1905, law faculties were founded at women's higher courses that had become universities in all but name.’
      • ‘First, the old polytechnics were rebranded as universities - a process of levelling-down that has really meant many old universities becoming polys in all but name.’
      • ‘While it isn't being called marriage, it is the creation of a relationship that is marriage in all but name.’
      • ‘It's quite clear what they're doing: this is basically gay marriage in all but name.’
      • ‘It's a brownfield site in all but name, even though there are plans to demolish some buildings to try and make it look more like green belt.’
      • ‘Sometimes you know you are running a murder investigation in all but name.’
      • ‘The report accused the bank of a cover-up in all but name and the bank faces a bill of over €34m for overcharging clients and related interest due.’
      • ‘True, it had now rebelled against the mother country and was a pariah state: but it was still recognizably British in all but name.’
      • ‘The authority to award degrees makes the institution a university in all but name, he said.’
      in effect, effectively, all but, more or less, practically, almost, nearly, close to, approaching, not far from, nearing, verging on, bordering on, well nigh, nigh on, just about, as good as, essentially, in essence, in practical terms, for all practical purposes, to all intents and purposes, in all but name, as near as dammit
      View synonyms
  • in someone's name

    • 1Formally registered as belonging to or reserved for someone.

      ‘the house was in her name’
      • ‘Houses in urban areas, they said, were inherited by individuals and could be disposed of as the heir saw fit since it would be registered in the heir 's name.’
      • ‘I have multiple domain names registered in my name and e-mails associated with that.’
      • ‘These applicants can now proceed with their application without having to fully register the land in their name.’
      • ‘Mayo County Council claims that the land is registered in their name and has been since November, 2000.’
      • ‘Her attorney told the court on Monday that a property belonging to her husband and registered in his name would be put up as surety for the amount.’
      • ‘A general principle of trust law is that the beneficial ownership of a property remains with the person who paid for it, even if a property is registered in another person 's name.’
      • ‘Your legal team will check that the property is registered in the seller 's name at the Spanish Land Registry and that there are no charges against it.’
      • ‘Guns may be held only by people deemed competent by police, and the firearm must be registered in the holder 's name.’
      • ‘But she did not know that a friend had given him a mobile phone and the phone company gave him £7 credit when he registered it in his name.’
    • 2On behalf of someone.

      ‘he began to question what had been done in his name’
      • ‘You have to stand up, look your government in the eye and hold them to account for what they do in your name.’
      • ‘Maalouf has also noted that the sultana ruled as Umm Khalil, minted coins in her own name and had the Friday sermon pronounced in her name.’
      • ‘A union has the power to repudiate action purportedly done in its name and on its behalf, but there are stringent conditions.’
      • ‘The way that anyone can change foreign policy is to get elected to office, so you've no one to blame for making poor decisions in your name.’
      • ‘The site is the best place to get the unadulterated lowdown on what your MP has said and done in your name.’
      • ‘Do not allow yourself to be spoken to as if you were a child or an idiot by the people you chose to govern you unless you're prepared to have them make terrible decisions in your name.’
      • ‘I'm sure this is a failing on my part, but I'm an educated sort of person and, when living in the UK, could have a decent stab at naming and shaming those who ruled in my name.’
      • ‘Because one of citizenship's burdens is the obligation to stop national leaders doing terrible things in your name.’
      • ‘It is possible if not probable that if you receive spam (junk email) that it has also been sent out in your name.’
      • ‘It is one thing to be held responsible for what you do when alive but another to be vilified for things done in your name 1800 years after your death.’
  • in the name of

    • 1Bearing or using the name of a specified person or organization.

      ‘a driver's license in the name of William Sanders’
      • ‘However, a non-trivial number of aircraft continue to fly in the name of firms named by the UN.’
      • ‘This is usually a passport or driving licence and a utility bill in the name of the individual applying for credit.’
      • ‘In 1649 they officially claimed the island in the name of the king and named it Bourbon.’
      • ‘The trust gets together every year to organise commemorative ceremonies and to give away an award in the name of the actor.’
      • ‘One account was maintained in the name of the first clerk and the other account in the name of the second clerk's wife.’
      • ‘Another time a building society withdrew cash from a child's account because it was in the name of his parents, who owed them money.’
      • ‘More pages of text have been preserved in Archytas' name than in the name of any other Pythagorean.’
      • ‘The first three properties are said to stand in the name of his wife, and the fourth in the name of his son.’
      • ‘The offer was made in the name of the family, but title was actually taken in the name of the company.’
      • ‘This was paid out in the name of the person appearing on the package as the addressee and for his account.’
      1. 1.1For the sake of.
        ‘he withdrew his candidacy in the name of party unity’
        • ‘Let's bring in a company who's sole focus appears to be putting the little guys out of business in the name of making more money.’
        • ‘If the man from the Labour Party says no, he appears ungracious and unwilling to put aside political differences in the name of unity.’
        • ‘The king, like most autocrats, appears to believe that he speaks in the name of the people.’
        • ‘In the name of democracy, in the name of liberty, in the name of fraternity, we kill so many people.’
        • ‘Benedictine spirituality does not set out to burden some of the sake of others in the name of community.’
        • ‘We have abandoned representative democracy in this country in the name of participatory democracy.’
        • ‘We are here today in the name of Jesus, in the name of our children.’
        • ‘A lot of war has been done in the name of freedom, in the name of many principles that we have.’
        • ‘It only represents a small number of people who enjoy killing animals in the name of sport.’
        • ‘Some die in the name of, or for the sake of trying to attain, a much much worse life for others.’
        as a representative of, as a spokesperson for, for, in the name of, with power of attorney for, in place of, on the authority of, at the behest of
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2By the authority of.
        ‘crimes committed in the name of religion’
        • ‘If Islam has thrown up its extremists, we can recall the excesses committed over centuries in the name of Christianity.’
        • ‘I think that fraud and forgery offences were committed in the name of the prime minister.’
        • ‘These acts of barbarism were committed in the name of official military policy.’
        • ‘But the sad truth is that the worst atrocities continue to be committed in the name of national security.’
        • ‘Religious hypocrisy and atrocities committed in the name of faiths underlie much of the history of the world.’
        • ‘The time is overdue for public outrage at the crimes being committed in the name of criminal justice.’
        • ‘I was told that whatever problems I had could be solved by taking authority over them in the name of Jesus.’
        • ‘Execution is committed by the state in the name of the people.’
        • ‘Thus it is that some of the gravest crimes against humanity are committed in the name of religion.’
        • ‘Some of our leaders want to remove things biblical for the sake of being fair to other faiths in the name of human rights.’
      3. 1.3Used for emphasis.
        ‘what in the name of God do you think you're doing?’
        • ‘Who in the name of God would call a bishop ‘bish’?’
        • ‘What, in the name of God, were we supposed to do with several thousand almost-but-not-quite out-of-date cream crackers?’
        • ‘‘Look, the chaps were wrong but in the name of God can you tell me how it took three weeks to sort it out, and it's still not sorted out,’ he said.’
        • ‘How in the name of whichever gods did they ever pass their driving tests?’
        • ‘What in the name of God would bring to this place?’
  • in name only

    • By description but not in reality.

      ‘a college in name only’
      • ‘When I arrived, Indonesia was full of players who were professional in name only.’
      • ‘Illegal logging activities continue in both protected and unprotected areas, and its status as a biosphere reserve and national park is effectively in name only.’
      • ‘Many people are members of God's Church in name only; they are not really interested in going forward, whilst others are satisfied with the way things are and see no reason for any change.’
      • ‘The letter was signed: ‘Your wife in name only, Lil’.’
      • ‘As his presidency progressed he came to distance himself more and more from the High Federalists; by the time he retired he was a Federalist in name only.’
      • ‘The new rich capitalist elite have begun building themselves fantastic palaces with turrets, swimming pools and helicopter pads deep in the woods which are dachas in name only.’
      • ‘The teaching ‘profession’ should not be a profession in name only.’
      • ‘Well, first of all, he is a Democrat in name only.’
      • ‘Government defendants can be defendants in name only.’
      • ‘A national park in name only, this 33-million-acre preserve is pretty much left alone by the Brazilian park service.’
      fake, faked, affected, assumed, professed, purported, spurious, ostensible, quasi-, contrived, in name only
      View synonyms
  • make a name for oneself

    • Become well known.

      ‘by the time he was thirty-five, he had made a name for himself as a contractor’
      • ‘If the pranksters' aim is to make a name for themselves, they are succeeding.’
      • ‘You can make a decent living, but you have a hard road ahead of you to make a name for yourself.’
      • ‘When is it time to start making a name for yourself?’
      • ‘With their distinct north African accent, both bands are making a name for themselves with their unmistakable blend of drum and bass, jazz, funk and electronica.’
      • ‘Now, she's got a familiar name, but she made a name for herself by being an author and columnist.’
      • ‘A lot of restaurants, hotels, and bars make a name for themselves when a famous guest stops by and signs a photo.’
      • ‘During your 40-year teaching career you trained thousands of young writers, many of whom have gone on to make a name for themselves as distinguished authors.’
      • ‘All you budding song writers out there here's your chance of making a name for yourself.’
      • ‘The pressure's on you to succeed, to make a name for yourself.’
      • ‘If you want to carve your name in stone and really make a name for yourself, America is a place that you have to conquer.’
      succeed, achieve success, be successful, be a success, do well, get ahead, reach the top, become famous, achieve recognition, distinguish oneself, set the world on fire
      View synonyms
  • name the day

    • Arrange a date for a specific occasion, especially a wedding.

      • ‘To be honest we've been so busy that we never really got round to naming the day before.’
      • ‘The couple have yet to name the day, but they are looking at some time in April and the service will most likely take place in Belgium where her parents live.’
      • ‘The Labour Government though isn't buying into all the speculation, saying it's the incumbent's prerogative to name the day New Zealanders will go to the polls.’
      • ‘There ought to be a divide between what may be considered ideal time for elections, considering this is rain season and the legal provisions and powers of the President to name the day.’
      • ‘The Government have given one sweetener and are hopeful of giving another before it names the day, but in politics you never know.’
      • ‘He always wanted to marry her but was too busy racing to name the day.’
      • ‘But the broadcaster stopped short of naming the day its service will launch and how much it will charge.’
      • ‘The gaffer has left it with me to name the day, so I need to have a good think about it over the next few months.’
      • ‘The Prime Minister has named the day as September the 17th - just a week shy of the last possible election date.’
      • ‘I call it the Wedding Theory - surely, once she names the day he can't back out?’
  • one's name is mud

    • informal One is in disgrace or unpopular.

      ‘if you forget their birthdays, your name is mud’
      • ‘I've got a load of cataloguing to do, then I'll be up all night unpacking the artifacts that had better arrive tomorrow or my name is mud.’
      • ‘He likely realizes his name is mud around the Defense Department these days.’
      • ‘Listen to me young lady, if you don't bring those grades up by the next test or quiz in those subjects then your name is mud.’
      • ‘I forgot to get him a little gift so now my name is mud.’
      • ‘Then along comes the county courthouse, talking about running up a $232 million tab, and all of a sudden your name is mud.’
    • informal

      see mud
  • name names

    • Mention specific names, especially of people involved in something wrong or illegal.

      ‘if you're convinced my staff is part of this operation, then name names’
      • ‘Without naming names, he said: ‘Over the last few weeks, a small group of my parliamentary colleagues have decided consciously to undermine my leadership.’’
      • ‘‘Exploring a topic’ does not necessarily involve naming names.’
      • ‘It would have been good if the commission had named names and offered some specific proposals for persuading these ‘friends’ to change.’
      • ‘Some people I know, and I don't plan on naming names here, seem to think my attachment to her is dangerous for my own being, considering the fact I've never met her in person.’
      • ‘Without naming names, there are a few bad apples, who the public knows are bad apples, who are still on the force, and that's where this perception comes from.’
      • ‘‘This invasion was perpetrated by Republican employees both on and off the committee,’ he said without naming names.’
      • ‘To be more specific and name names just might be a tinge unfair and might lead to accusations of bias for or against certain outgoing councillors.’
      • ‘I don't know if it's necessarily productive to start naming names, but that's why going to places like England and Scotland and Ireland, I think, is necessary.’
      • ‘And I promise I'll do my best to not just name numbers, but name names as we continue to lose so many brave men and women overseas.’
      • ‘He named names and even linked to me and called me by name.’
  • the name of the game

    • informal The main purpose or most important aspect of a situation.

      ‘the name of the game is short-term gain’
      • ‘For the thrifty, there are smaller lanes branching off, where no goods carry price tags and bargaining is the name of the game.’
      • ‘Designs may then be further refined to optimize how much product can fit on a pallet, flat pack being the name of the game.’
      • ‘They discovered that multiplication was the name of the game because the school struggled to accommodate all the baby gerbils produced.’
      • ‘If familiarity breeds contempt, and change is the name of the game, then how to turn the anti-incumbency in its face?’
      • ‘Innovation is the name of the game and so you have jewellery designers coming up with newer designs, albeit based on old styles.’
      • ‘His idea of ridding the streets of crime involves killing criminals who get in his way - shoot and ask questions later seems to be the name of the game.’
      • ‘Power is pandered to and pragmatism becomes the name of the game.’
      • ‘Limits, bans and prohibitions are the name of the game in construction and transport, just as they are in matters to do with smoking and obesity.’
      • ‘‘I know it puts pressure on them saying it publicly but pressure is the name of the game,’ he said.’
      • ‘The lesson is clear - don't take your seats for granted, especially in a province where swing is the name of the game.’
  • put down (or enter) one's (or someone's) name

    • Apply to enter an educational institution, course, competition, etc.

      ‘I put my name down for the course’
      • ‘I have already entered his name in the register.’
      • ‘Call for the amendments to the treaty, and I'll put down my name and seal to the document.’
      • ‘I didn't enter my name into the nearly 600-person competition until 10 minutes before the deadline.’
      • ‘I wasn't sure what details she wanted to know about so I put down my name and address, age and height and the word weight with a question mark after it (well I didn't know).’
      • ‘If you can guess which member of staff read which book you can enter your name in the competition for a delicious Easter Egg.’
      • ‘Just have an open day up at the Aras and anyone that wants to run goes up and puts down their name.’
      • ‘‘My mum spotted details in the United magazine and entered my name,’ added Katie.’
      • ‘On December 10, 2001, I signed up the project and entered my name into it.’
      • ‘Almost nine months before, I had put down my name and my deposit on the wait list for a hybrid car.’
      • ‘Tina was signing the board, putting down Chase 's name as well.’
  • put a name to

    • Remember or report what someone or something is called.

      ‘viewers were asked if they could put a name to the voice of the kidnapper’
      • ‘The human brain has an uncanny ability to distinguish facial features and put a name to them, even when it's someone you've not seen for years or never seen in the flesh before.’
      • ‘We will keep a close watch on this one and remember the next time you can't put a name to that face you half recognise - we know a man who can!’
      • ‘The antique store was lined with strange, animal masks that seemed alive in the swimming shadows, oddly styled, decorative lamps, and many other items she couldn't put a name to.’
      • ‘Olivia was practicing some nice, fairly hard moves which consisted in cantering in place and some other moves Kathryn couldn't put a name to.’
      • ‘There were other faces that I couldn't put a name to.’
      • ‘It was nice to finally be able to put a name to how I felt and what I believed in.’
      • ‘He watched TV for a while - a seventies science fiction film featuring a blonde actress he recognised from an American detective series but could not put a name to.’
      • ‘Researchers at the Queen Mary University of London published a paper in the journal Nature last January which puts a name to all this activity.’
      • ‘The grown-ups were arguing with some old guy I recognise, but can't put a name to.’
      • ‘‘I don't care to put a name to what I do,’ he continued.’
  • take someone's name in vain

    • Use someone's name in a way that shows a lack of respect.

      • ‘‘Someone taking my name in vain?‘said Caroline.’
      • ‘No-one these days can take Odin's name in vain, and, if swearing is any guide, perhaps the Christian panoply of sacred beings is going the same way as Thor and Odin.’
      • ‘For every Broons there's been a Magoons (Meet the Magoons was the short-lived Caledonian curry-house sitcom that was actually pretty good, but I'm taking its name in vain because I need a rhyme).’
      • ‘Meanwhile a so-called rival diarist has been taking her name in vain, referring sneeringly to her brief career as an author of bodice rippers.’
      • ‘They knew the third commandment: ‘You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.’’
  • to name (but) a few

    • Giving only these as examples, even though more could be cited.

      ‘the ingredients used are drawn from nature—avocado, lemongrass, and chamomile to name a few’
      • ‘I met a girl named Lisa, another named Jane, and yet another named Maryanne, just to name a few.’
      • ‘Guests include a podiatrist, a sports masseur, a foot scanner technician for determining the ideal running shoe, personal trainers, dieticians to name but a few.’
      • ‘The dinner menu is more elaborate, offering lobster, bigger than average prawns and monkfish to name but a few, and while filling you up, it won't leave a gaping hole in the wallet.’
      • ‘After being pursued by England, Newcastle and Middlesbrough, to name but a few, he has surprisingly settled for the managerial graveyard that is Aston Villa.’
      • ‘Some of the past categories have included heritage, youth, environment, culture, sport, community and charity to name but a few.’
      • ‘You can finally appreciate many famous sights in their natural glory: Red Square, St Basil's Cathedral and Bolshoi Theatre to name but a few.’
      • ‘The floorboards of the Linenhall hall gently rocked as the both the audience and musicians tapped the various rhythms of jigs, reels, polkas, to name but a few!’
      • ‘True, there may be a great many cuter animals - koalas, chinchillas, moomins and ewoks to name but a few, but guinea pigs reap extra appeal due to their peculiar nature.’
      • ‘These include the attractive, symmetrical sandstone facade, well proportion rooms, working shutters and astragal windows, to name but a few.’
      • ‘The show is packed with well-known numbers - Deadwood Stage, Secret Love, Windy City, The Black Hills of Dakota to name but a few.’
  • what's in a name?

    • Names are arbitrary labels.

      ‘What's in a name? If you know her by Elizabeth or Lizzie, she's still the same person’
      • ‘Not being, nor wishing to be thought racist, I would hate to think there is some truth in the saying, ‘what's in a name?’’
      • ‘Some people will probably mourn the name changing and already there have been murmurings, but my message to them would be ‘what's in a name?’’
  • you name it

    • informal Whatever you can think of (used to express the extent or variety of something)

      ‘easy-to-assemble kits of trains, cars, trucks, ships … you name it’
      • ‘I watched as grandmas walked through fire, grandpas, priests, truck drivers, young mothers, rockers, you name it.’
      • ‘Hats, towels, polo shirts: you name it, he was signing it, while also endeavouring to flick away the fag ash he was depositing on the goods.’
      • ‘There's food - rotis, pretty much jerk everything - chicken, goat, cow, you name it.’
      • ‘Now back to the future: there are lots of carnivals now, for medical blogs, for recipes, for you name it.’
      • ‘The total number of indoor shows - ranging from comedy to dance to opera to burlesque to you name it - is 97.’
      • ‘Race car, clubhouse, pirate ship, you name it, nothing beats the plain old cardboard box.’
      • ‘Underlings, superiors, competition among contemporaries, you name it, this has it.’
      • ‘Whatever the issue of the day - you name it - one would find a few days later that his picture would appear in the paper with a story.’
      • ‘I tried every diet going - you name it - but nothing seemed to work.’
      • ‘There was senators and his cabinet people, you name it, they were there.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • name someone/something after (also for)

    • Call someone or something by the same name as.

      ‘Nathaniel was named after his maternal grandfather’
      ‘Ricksburg, Idaho, named for one Thomas Ricks’
      • ‘The family has extensive Scottish holdings and likes to celebrate its Scottish ties - down to naming tankers for sections of their Scottish estate.’
      • ‘Greenpeace named this forest after the region that spans the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau to where it meets the great Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts.’
      • ‘Seriously, who names their daughter after a piece of fruit?’
      • ‘I don't mean to diminish those other nominees, though I would question the worth of naming a school after a leftist city councilwoman.’
      • ‘Instead, Bruce was accompanied by Roscoe Conkling of New York; the two became fast friends, and Bruce later named his only child after Conkling.’
      • ‘Now, Madison, as you know, for whom this square garden is named after, was our shortest president at 5 feet, 4 inches tall.’
      • ‘I've even gone so far as to reaffirm my father's life by naming my son after him.’
      • ‘The hotel chef named the dressing for English actor George Arliss, who stayed there while performing in the play called The Green Goddess.’
      • ‘San Jose named a street after Steve Wozniack, cofounder of Apple.’
      • ‘The protesters claim they found naming his pet after their country derogatory.’
      • ‘Everyone knows Neil Simon, they named a theater after him.’
      • ‘How about naming some theater for George S. Kaufman?’
      • ‘Tamara says she's thinking of naming her new baby after her dead father.’
      • ‘Since we're talking about President's Day, I shouldn't neglect to mention the man the big bridge to Jersey is named after.’
      • ‘Seattle Weekly music editor Michaelangelo Matos joked that they named the record after their audience.’
      • ‘The guy the prize was named after may ring a bell from high school civics, if you're old enough to have had such a class.’
      • ‘The local village was named Bexar after a Spanish nobleman.’
      • ‘They paid the land owner for the fossil and got it out of the ground in days, and as is the custom, they named the dinosaur for its discoverer, Sue.’
      • ‘It's kind of like the way neuroscientists have a penchant for naming neurotransmitters after video-game characters.’
      • ‘I would not have, for instance, named an award after her - but others obviously disagree, as the mass e-mail that I reproduce below shows.’

Origin

Old English nama, noma (noun), (ge)namian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch naam and German Name, from a root shared by Latin nomen and Greek onoma.

Pronunciation:

name

/nām/