One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1(in classical mythology) a water nymph said to inhabit a river, spring, or waterfall.
- ‘One day he inadvertently bathed in the spring of the naiad he had spurned.’
- ‘Salmacis was the only one of the naiads who did not follow the teachings of Artemis and did not vary her routine with the vigorous exercise of the hunt.’
- ‘The mermaids and naiads will recede to deep ocean or hidden lakes.’
- ‘Here and there are disposed naiads and leaping satyrs.’
- ‘‘If I didn't know better, I would of thought all of you damsels were rain forest naiads,’ he laughed.’
- ‘Therefore the world of nature is no longer seen as populated by capricious supernatural beings, by fates and furies, dryads and naiads, gods of war or goddesses of sex and fertility.’
2The aquatic larva or nymph of a dragonfly, mayfly, or stonefly.
- ‘Superfluous killing has been reported for a diverse group of animals, including zooplankton, stoats and weasels, damselfly naiads, wolves, predaceous mites, and spiders.’
- ‘The sun was just setting and the lake was abuzz in dragonflies, going nuts for all the little naiads.’
- ‘The treatment pools contained either Aeshna naiads or E. perezi tadpoles; see Figure 1.’
3A submerged aquatic plant with narrow leaves and minute flowers.
- ‘The common kinds include the large family of pondweeds, coontail, water milfoil, water weeds, and naiads (Najas).’
Via Latin from Greek Naias, Naiad-, from naein ‘to flow’. Use as a term in entomology and botany dates from the early 20th century.
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