Definition of mythology in English:

mythology

noun

  • 1A collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition.

    ‘a book discussing Jewish and Christian mythologies’
    ‘Ganesa was the god of wisdom and success in Hindu mythology’
    • ‘Sacrifice is a universal religious act, one closely associated with the mythologies of particular traditions.’
    • ‘There are numerous mythologies in which the God is sacrificed as grain or as vegetation in general to feed the people.’
    • ‘Pilgrims are treated to plays enacted from stories of Hindu mythology, featuring the well known adventures of gods and heroes.’
    • ‘For example, Artemis and Diana is the same goddess but are of two mythologies.’
    • ‘These books are the primary source for our knowledge of the most ancient Indian mythology, forming the basis for the development of Hinduism.’
    • ‘One of the best known of the Greek mythologies is the tale of Icarus.’
    • ‘The history of ancient Greece and Greek mythology that I studied in high school and college all came alive for me on this trip.’
    • ‘The idea that the universe had a beginning is common to various religions and mythologies.’
    • ‘In the mythologies that have come down to us, many cultures express this as a sexual union.’
    • ‘Tonight she will consider the differing beliefs and customs relating to death practices from a selection of cultures and mythologies.’
    • ‘After breakfast he strolls through deserted lanes before retiring to his drawing room to read about archaeology, Greek mythology, and biographies.’
    • ‘Ancient mythologies preserved this knowledge in story form.’
    • ‘Dragons are winged beings portrayed in the ancient mythologies of most cultures.’
    • ‘In ancient Greek mythology, images of snakes are generally evil and scary, like the Hydra, a large snake with nine heads.’
    • ‘Now in many other mythologies you can find gods that have parallels with Athena.’
    • ‘Many mythologies seem to feature an apocalyptic or transformational event that will occur at the ‘end of history’.’
    • ‘We can see its beginnings in Greek mythology with the story of Prometheus.’
    • ‘The legend of the lost continent or island of Atlantis occurs in the mythologies of many parts of Europe.’
    • ‘I've always been interested in the ancient American mythologies of the Inca, Maya, and Aztec, and the ancient mythos of the Greeks and Egyptians.’
    • ‘Such views stem from the fact that some famous characters from Ancient Greek mythology have their origins in Thrace.’
    myth, myths, legend, legends, folklore, folk tales, folk stories, lore, tradition, stories, tales
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A set of stories or beliefs about a particular person, institution, or situation, especially when exaggerated or fictitious.
      ‘in popular mythology, truckers are kings of the road’
      • ‘According to popular mythology, Mexicans don't do breakfast.’
      • ‘A beach, in the popular mythology, was a place of dissolution and wreckage and danger, a place only for the desperate and the scavanging poor.’
      • ‘In popular mythology, kids used to run away from home to do just that.’
      • ‘The popular mythology that the most crowded countries cremate the most is not born out by the facts.’
      • ‘In the popular liberal mythology, the ad disgustingly questioned Cleland's patriotism.’
      • ‘The whips have the task of mobilizing their party's backbenchers: popular mythology ascribes to them powers beyond their reach.’
      • ‘Others will assign stories based on them and the false mythology will continue.’
      • ‘Next week, another bit of popular mythology comes under our close examination.’
      • ‘The stag is not ‘torn to pieces’, as popular mythology would have it.’
      • ‘British trade union mythology is full of wonderfully stirring stories of doughty workers banding together to take on the government.’
      • ‘Contrary to popular mythology, boys are just as anxious and confused about sex as the girls are.’
      • ‘There is one other consideration that has led me to expose anti-nuclear mythology.’
      • ‘It was, popular mythology tells us, one of the contributing factors to the American Revolution, and it might just lead to a revolution here.’
      • ‘His execution in 1725 was to ensure his place in popular mythology.’
      • ‘According to popular mythology, this is how it happened.’
      • ‘You'd be pushed to find it in the popular mythology, though.’
      • ‘Contrary to today's popular mythology about our past, slavery and exploitation were not taboo subjects then.’
      • ‘They provided indispensable services and became the subject of popular folklore and mythology.’
      • ‘Contrary to popular mythology, not every graduate of the Air Force Academy has a chance to become chief of staff of the Air Force.’
      • ‘Thanks, Betty, for your stunning and original contribution to American popular mythology.’
  • 2The study of myths.

    • ‘I'm not a specialist in ancient mythology but like most lovers of history I enjoy seeing the vast and great tales of the past brought to life.’
    • ‘She had broad-ranging interests, having studied mythology and psychology, in which she gained a PhD.’
    • ‘I think this same analogy applies very accurately not only to the study of mythology, but to a variety of other fields of thought.’
    • ‘European history, geography and mythology is central to it.’
    • ‘In the intervening time Rothko stopped painting, devoting himself instead to the study of philosophy and mythology.’
    • ‘They study mythology, gardening, cooking, foreign languages, history, botany and physics.’
    • ‘Schools replaced mythology and history with the more amorphous social studies.’
    • ‘He devoted much attention to comparative mythology and the comparative study of religions.’
    • ‘A perfect introduction to the history of mythology.’
    • ‘It drew upon history, mythology and living memory of the Second World War.’
    • ‘The walkers will enjoy their trek through landscapes filled with history, archaeology and mythology.’
    • ‘History and mythology have a symbiotic relationship and they reinforce each other to a large extent.’
    • ‘Baird who has studied mythology since she was a child equips every card with a musing short story on its back cover.’
    • ‘Under his influence her interest in Irish folklore revived, and she began to study Irish mythology, taking her research into the field.’
    • ‘For the past eight years, she has been teaching comparative mythology, a subject in which she has earned a doctorate.’
    • ‘These stories reflect the children's ideas and interests and influences range from ancient mythology to television.’
    • ‘In general, he offers no support for the plausibility of his theory beyond an ingenious argument from comparative mythology.’
    • ‘His articles on folklore, art, mythology and short stories for children have been widely published.’
    • ‘He had studied his mythology and knew how to construct an argument.’
    • ‘The student of mythology may find some of this story interesting.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French mythologie, or via late Latin from Greek muthologia, from muthos ‘myth’ + -logia (see -logy).

Pronunciation

mythology

/məˈTHäləjē//məˈθɑlədʒi/