Definition of mutation in English:

mutation

noun

  • 1The action or process of mutating.

    ‘the mutation of ethnic politics into nationalist politics’
    [count noun] ‘his first novel went through several mutations’
    • ‘Rather they evolved through a century-long process of mutation.’
    • ‘He acknowledges his political mutation but says there was no epiphany.’
    • ‘It was the launch on September 30 of the tabloid-shaped Independent that has been the catalyst for what surely amounts to a long-term newspaper industry mutation.’
    • ‘It commits the artist to a descent into time, into the processes of mutation, decay and dissolution.’
    • ‘Variation accumulates over time through a random process of mutation.’
    • ‘As a matter of fact, the functions of books have undergone a process of mutation, and the underlying motivating force is now nothing but the soaring prices.’
    • ‘The course of development can, however, be altered by mutation.’
    • ‘So it becomes clear that the solution to this problem is not in some political consciousness but in mutation of human consciousness.’
    • ‘Singer notes well the various analogies between mutation and more prosaic political and cultural concerns.’
    • ‘They have been berated for being bland, boring, meandering and, most mystifying of all, not playing trance or whatever this week's essential dancefloor mutation is.’
    alteration, change, variation, modification, transformation, metamorphosis, transmutation, transfiguration, sea change, evolution
    View synonyms
  • 2The changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a variant form that may be transmitted to subsequent generations, caused by the alteration of single base units in DNA, or the deletion, insertion, or rearrangement of larger sections of genes or chromosomes.

    • ‘Cadmium compounds are inactive or weakly active in gene mutation and other genotoxicity assays.’
    • ‘Second, mathematical geneticists showed that the gene frequency change by mutation is much smaller than the change by natural selection.’
    • ‘The same pattern appears in tumor-associated genes undergoing either loss-of-function mutation or rearrangements.’
    • ‘Damage caused to DNA may, in turn, induce mutation and chromosome abnormalities of the meristem cells.’
    • ‘Throughout this section, we are concerned with the effective size for a single neutral locus without mutation.’
    • ‘Random mutation is inevitable because mutation is a natural phenomenon.’
    • ‘Only after the first several million generations has mutation added enough variability to reach the equilibrium.’
    • ‘First, new mod variants can arise by mutation and spread by drift.’
    • ‘Perhaps the best demonstration of this comes from studies of mutation in reporter genes in transgenic mice.’
    • ‘The gene mutation appears to work by restricting calorie absorption at the cellular level.’
    • ‘Mere mutation of the gene structure cannot fully explain the ‘spiritual’ evolution of species.’
    • ‘Dynamics of focus formation can be affected by mutation of genes involved in DNA metabolism.’
    • ‘By the 60th cycle, the typical cell had four to five of the target genes inactivated by mutation.’
    • ‘Genes can also be inactivated by mutation and subsequently deleted.’
    • ‘In the absence of recombination and back mutation, the lost chromosome class cannot be regenerated.’
    • ‘The main forces of evolution - mutation and natural selection - can be described by precise mathematical equations.’
    alteration, change, variation, modification, transformation, metamorphosis, transmutation, transfiguration, sea change, evolution
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1A distinct form resulting from a change in the structure of a gene.
      • ‘In this example mutations accrue successively, starting with the most beneficial single mutation.’
      • ‘The probability of producing a subsequent beneficial mutation will then also increase.’
      • ‘Kidney tumors and estrogen-treated kidneys have mutations in microsatellites.’
      • ‘It is important to realize that mutations in different mutant individuals are not necessarily distinct.’
      • ‘The first is that this was a naturally occurring mutation in the Siamese.’
      • ‘For example, when a single favorable mutation arises and spreads, it carries with it any linked variants.’
  • 3Linguistics
    Regular change of a sound when it occurs adjacent to another, in particular.

    1. 3.1(in Germanic languages) the process by which the quality of a vowel was altered in certain phonetic contexts; umlaut.
    2. 3.2(in Celtic languages) change of an initial consonant in a word caused (historically) by the preceding word.
      See also lenition

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin mutatio(n-), from mutare to change.

Pronunciation:

mutation

/myo͞oˈtāSH(ə)n/