Definition of mutant in English:

mutant

adjective

  • Resulting from or showing the effect of mutation.

    ‘a mutant gene’
    • ‘A classic forward genetics approach relies on the identification of observable mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘They give rise to clones of mutant cells showing up as mosaic spots on the eyes or the wings, respectively.’
    • ‘The mutant isolation names are included as a part of the description of mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘HIV replicates rapidly in the human body so any mutant forms of the virus that can escape drugs quickly come to dominate.’
    • ‘However, only for a minority of genes is the function defined by a mutant phenotype.’
    • ‘Mutants that failed to complement known mutant lines were mapped further and the genes were identified from the map position.’
    • ‘In other words, are rescue genes mutant alleles of the genes that normally kill hybrids?’
    • ‘In 1997, Mitchell proposed a new hypothesis for the bimodal size distribution of mutant colonies.’
    • ‘Subsequent genetic crosses showed that only 3 out of 13 new mutant phenotypes were allelic.’
    • ‘In a nutshell, it involves looking at a mutant line and mapping the mutation to a specific gene.’
    • ‘A relationship between these genes has also been obtained from mutant analysis as well as phylogenetic analysis.’
    • ‘These results are consistent with a loss of one functional copy of the ear gene in the mutant strains.’
    • ‘The gene function is known in four cases, based on mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘The increase in mutant frequency was attributed to an increase in point mutations.’
    • ‘Cells from mutant colonies were subcultured daily for at least 5 days.’
    • ‘However, thus far it has not been possible to detect any general alteration in starch and sugar metabolism in mutant plants.’
    • ‘I've been 19 for over a day now and I haven't shown any signs of growing a third arm or any other mutant abnormality.’
    • ‘This suggests that having two copies of the mutant gene interferes with survival.’
    • ‘We then compared the double mutant and deletion mutant proteins with the wild type.’
    • ‘About 40 wild-type and mutant plants were grown on soil in the greenhouse.’

noun

  • A mutant form.

    • ‘This study also demonstrated that the escape mutants may show lesser fitness.’
    • ‘The authors are not aware of mutants with similar phenotypes in the vicinity of these mapped regions.’
    • ‘Viral mutants that are not neutralised by antibodies induced by the available vaccines have been detected.’
    • ‘Like the photoreceptor mutants they all showed a response comparable to the wild type.’
    • ‘Bacteria that have lost the ability to colonize are called symbiosis mutants.’
    • ‘Can such mutants be identified in the genetic screens presently in use, or is there a need for improved or even novel screens?’
    • ‘Mutant studies are limited by the availability of suitable mutants and the ability to generate and screen for them.’
    • ‘New approaches using mutants or transgenic plants have not led to more conclusive results.’
    • ‘It did not reduce the world to rubble, or morph the human race into radiated mutants.’
    • ‘In this paper, a novel screen is described for mutants hypersensitive to gamma radiation.’
    • ‘Let me explain that there are bad mutants and good mutants, just like real people.’
    • ‘This indicated that these mutants had point mutations and not exon deletion or insertion.’
    • ‘From a study of the behaviour of certain mutants, the general molecular nature of the genetic code had been deduced.’
    • ‘It occurred via the selection of suitable variants, often natural mutants.’
    • ‘The remaining five mutants were shown not to be allelic to any of the genes already known.’
    • ‘Among several mutations rumoured to alter senescence are the clavata mutants.’
    • ‘The ten mutants were grouped into nine categories, on the basis of thermotolerance characteristics.’
    • ‘Second, the enzymatic activity for the active site mutants was determined in vitro.’
    • ‘Similar arguments and requirements apply to mutants created by transposon mutagenesis.’
    • ‘The role of the latter in starch biosynthesis is unknown as no mutants have been identified to date.’
    freak, freak of nature, deviant, oddity, monstrosity, monster, mutation, variant, variation
    lusus naturae
    miscreation
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 20th century: from Latin mutant- changing from the verb mutare.

Pronunciation:

mutant

/ˈmyo͞otnt/