Definition of mutant in English:

mutant

adjective

  • Resulting from or showing the effect of mutation.

    ‘a mutant gene’
    • ‘However, thus far it has not been possible to detect any general alteration in starch and sugar metabolism in mutant plants.’
    • ‘The mutant isolation names are included as a part of the description of mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘About 40 wild-type and mutant plants were grown on soil in the greenhouse.’
    • ‘These results are consistent with a loss of one functional copy of the ear gene in the mutant strains.’
    • ‘The gene function is known in four cases, based on mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘They give rise to clones of mutant cells showing up as mosaic spots on the eyes or the wings, respectively.’
    • ‘Cells from mutant colonies were subcultured daily for at least 5 days.’
    • ‘A relationship between these genes has also been obtained from mutant analysis as well as phylogenetic analysis.’
    • ‘Subsequent genetic crosses showed that only 3 out of 13 new mutant phenotypes were allelic.’
    • ‘HIV replicates rapidly in the human body so any mutant forms of the virus that can escape drugs quickly come to dominate.’
    • ‘A classic forward genetics approach relies on the identification of observable mutant phenotypes.’
    • ‘In a nutshell, it involves looking at a mutant line and mapping the mutation to a specific gene.’
    • ‘This suggests that having two copies of the mutant gene interferes with survival.’
    • ‘However, only for a minority of genes is the function defined by a mutant phenotype.’
    • ‘The increase in mutant frequency was attributed to an increase in point mutations.’
    • ‘We then compared the double mutant and deletion mutant proteins with the wild type.’
    • ‘In other words, are rescue genes mutant alleles of the genes that normally kill hybrids?’
    • ‘I've been 19 for over a day now and I haven't shown any signs of growing a third arm or any other mutant abnormality.’
    • ‘In 1997, Mitchell proposed a new hypothesis for the bimodal size distribution of mutant colonies.’
    • ‘Mutants that failed to complement known mutant lines were mapped further and the genes were identified from the map position.’

noun

  • A mutant form.

    • ‘Bacteria that have lost the ability to colonize are called symbiosis mutants.’
    • ‘It did not reduce the world to rubble, or morph the human race into radiated mutants.’
    • ‘The role of the latter in starch biosynthesis is unknown as no mutants have been identified to date.’
    • ‘Let me explain that there are bad mutants and good mutants, just like real people.’
    • ‘Can such mutants be identified in the genetic screens presently in use, or is there a need for improved or even novel screens?’
    • ‘Like the photoreceptor mutants they all showed a response comparable to the wild type.’
    • ‘From a study of the behaviour of certain mutants, the general molecular nature of the genetic code had been deduced.’
    • ‘New approaches using mutants or transgenic plants have not led to more conclusive results.’
    • ‘Similar arguments and requirements apply to mutants created by transposon mutagenesis.’
    • ‘Among several mutations rumoured to alter senescence are the clavata mutants.’
    • ‘Mutant studies are limited by the availability of suitable mutants and the ability to generate and screen for them.’
    • ‘The ten mutants were grouped into nine categories, on the basis of thermotolerance characteristics.’
    • ‘It occurred via the selection of suitable variants, often natural mutants.’
    • ‘This indicated that these mutants had point mutations and not exon deletion or insertion.’
    • ‘The remaining five mutants were shown not to be allelic to any of the genes already known.’
    • ‘Viral mutants that are not neutralised by antibodies induced by the available vaccines have been detected.’
    • ‘This study also demonstrated that the escape mutants may show lesser fitness.’
    • ‘The authors are not aware of mutants with similar phenotypes in the vicinity of these mapped regions.’
    • ‘Second, the enzymatic activity for the active site mutants was determined in vitro.’
    • ‘In this paper, a novel screen is described for mutants hypersensitive to gamma radiation.’
    freak, freak of nature, deviant, oddity, monstrosity, monster, mutation, variant, variation
    lusus naturae
    miscreation
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 20th century: from Latin mutant- changing from the verb mutare.

Pronunciation:

mutant

/ˈmyo͞otnt/