Definition of mustard in US English:

mustard

noun

  • 1A pungent-tasting yellow or brown paste made from the crushed seeds of certain plants, typically eaten with meat or used as a cooking ingredient.

    • ‘Mix half the olive oil with the mustard, honey and soy sauce, and smear all over the steaks.’
    • ‘Leave at least 10 minutes to allow the flavour of the powdered mustard to develop.’
    • ‘To make the dressing, whisk the olive oil, vinegar, mustard, saffron, raisins and their water with sea salt and pepper in a large bowl.’
    • ‘I love making squiggly shapes with mustard and ketchup.’
    • ‘I make this snack from time to time, sometimes omitting the onion, and occasionally adding chutney instead of mustard.’
    • ‘In a medium bowl, whisk together the garlic, mustard, lemon juice mayonnaise, and cheese.’
    • ‘Food stations need condiments such as ketchup, mustard and mayonnaise.’
    • ‘A turkey burger is sweeter and lighter than a beefburger and can be teamed with all or any of your favourite burger toppings, from melted cheese to mustard or dill pickles.’
    • ‘He liked cayenne pepper, chutney, pickles, mustard and other condiments.’
    • ‘Add the mustard, soy sauce, and chopped parsley and simmer for one minute.’
    • ‘In a bowl, combine egg yolk, mustard, saffron and vinegar.’
    • ‘But often I splurge on a simple steak sandwich that can be a treat if you use good bread, meat, and mustard.’
    • ‘Limit condiments, such as mustard, ketchup, pickles and sauces with salt-filled ingredients.’
    • ‘Make the dressing by mixing the oil, sherry vinegar, mustard, salt and pepper and the crushed garlic.’
    • ‘Pour into the food processor, add the mustard, soy and vinegar, and whiz for 30 seconds.’
    • ‘In small bowl combine honey, mustard, shallots and vinegar and mix well.’
    • ‘Pour the rest of the oil into the pan, turn the heat to low and stir in the wine vinegar and mustard, and some black pepper.’
    • ‘Set a slice of beef cheek on top, spoon some mustard sauce on top, and garnish with chives.’
    • ‘Combine the mayonnaise, mustard, lemon zest, lemon juice, sea salt and pepper, stirring well.’
    • ‘Add the Dijon mustard, whole grain mustard, and olive oil, whisking to combine.’
  • 2The yellow-flowered Eurasian plant of the cabbage family whose seeds are used to make this paste.

    Genera Brassica and Sinapis, family Brassicaceae: several species, in particular black mustard (B. nigra) and white mustard (S. alba)

    • ‘It follows a recent breakthrough by a collaboration of five international laboratories to define the genetic blueprint of thale cress, a plant relative of mustard.’
    • ‘The barren soil along the edge of the dikes proved fertile ground for mustard, tumbleweeds, and other plants that the refuge managers and farmers considered pests.’
    • ‘In late July, start carrots, beets, radishes, kale, mustard, spinach and turnips.’
    • ‘Transplant or direct-seed lettuce, spinach, mustard and other greens, protecting them, with a cloche or row cover.’
    • ‘There is always room to include Italian and curly parsley, sorrel, salad burnet, mustard, chard, and kale greens.’
    • ‘So far they have planted lettuce, cabbage, mustard, beetroot and pawpaw trees.’
    • ‘Farmers will stop growing sesame, linseed, mustard and groundnut in all their diversity since the markets for these crops will also be destroyed.’
    • ‘It is part of the Brassica family and will pollinate with mustard, radishes and turnips, so it needs to be isolated.’
    • ‘In warm climates, fall and winter are ideal times to plant cool-season annual herbs such as mustard, cilantro, calendula, and arugula.’
    • ‘In many stands, mustards including shepherd'spurse and pennycress are very prominent.’
    • ‘Sow seeds of radishes, beets, lettuce, mustards, greens and carrots.’
    • ‘All six herbicides do a good job of controlling broadleaves like pennycress and mustard.’
    • ‘The plots were then overseeded with white mustard, sorghum-sudangrass, winter wheat, or a mix of oat and hairy vetch.’
    • ‘Among the favorites are asters and daisies, milkweeds, mustards, mints, peas, and vervains.’
    • ‘The Cruciferae are any of a family of plants including cabbage, broccoli, turnip, and mustard.’
    • ‘Mizuna is another type of Chinese mustard that deserves a special mention, if only for its attractive foliage.’
    • ‘Soon he had bought a book, planted annuals and discovered a beautiful spot for growing mustard and cress and radishes.’
    • ‘This year we're experimenting with more fall brassicas like radish, mustard and rape.’
    • ‘‘This is the colour of the mustard ripening in the field,’ he says.’
    • ‘The only vegetables to avoid are any of the cole crops, such as cabbage, mustard or broccoli.’
    1. 2.1 Used in names of related plants, only some of which are used to produce mustard for the table, e.g. hedge mustard.
      • ‘If early spring crops such as oat are planted, blue mustard must be killed before planting with tillage or a contact herbicide.’
      • ‘Scout winter wheat fields for winter broadleaf weeds such as field pennycress and tansy mustard.’
      • ‘Common broadleaf winter annual weeds in winter wheat include blue mustard, tansy mustard, tumble mustard, field pennycress, and shepherd's purse.’
      • ‘Blue mustard is a winter annual weed, with seed germinating in late summer and fall.’
      • ‘It controls pennycress, shepherdspurse, tansy mustard, jointed goatgrass and downy brome.’
      • ‘Irrigated winter wheat is often seeded late behind a summer crop such as dry beans and as a result is not competitive with winter annual weeds such as tansy mustard and field pennycress.’
  • 3A dark yellow color.

    • ‘And drunkards must always appear in mustard and purple (though strangely some of the people paying for the pictures are depicted in mustard and purple).’
    • ‘Its too-tasteful palette of moss green, taupe, deep mustard and soft white was only partly offset by the raw factuality of the underlying wall's fissures and patches.’
    • ‘Colours like orange, mustard and red, which are in fashion these days, dominate.’
    • ‘There is plenty of heavy bridal and occasion wear in bright fuchsias and shaded hues of mustard and magenta, aqua and greens and traditional kumkum red.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French moustarde, from Latin mustum ‘must’ (mustard being originally prepared with grape must).

Pronunciation

mustard

/ˈməstərd//ˈməstərd/