A psychological disorder marked by a negative body image and an obsessive desire to have a muscular physique.
- ‘A recently recognised form of body dysmorphic disorder that occurs almost exclusively in men is muscle dysmorphia, a preoccupation that one's body is too small, ‘puny,’ and inadequately muscular.’
- ‘Recovery from muscle dysmorphia is very difficult because, as with anorexia nervosa, the individual is usually unwilling to admit their problem.’
- ‘There's a growing trend for men to desire larger, more muscular bodies, and muscle dysmorphia is a new syndrome in which individuals have a pathological belief that they have very small musculature.’
- ‘Michael, like hundreds of thousands of men, suffers from a condition called muscle dysmorphia, or, bigorexia.’
- ‘In the first of two related studies, researchers compared 30 normal weightlifters to 24 men with muscle dysmorphia - a disorder defined by a pathological preoccupation with increasing muscularity.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.