Definition of murre in English:

murre

noun

North American
  • A white-breasted North American auk (seabird)

    • ‘One would imagine this place to be a paradise of alcids of all types, guillemots, dovekies, puffins, razorbills, murres, and murrelets all splashing around in their black and white finery.’
    • ‘Thus, it is likely that food-shortages during the El-Nino of 1997-98 resulted in an increase in corticosterone secretion that directly caused the abandonment of eggs and young chicks by murres.’
    • ‘It does untold damage to the numerous pelagic seabirds indigenous to the area: murres, puffins and gannets.’
    • ‘Penguins, cormorants, murres, and guillemots - all pursuit divers - have, among seabirds, the heaviest eggshells as a percentage of whole-egg weight.’
    • ‘Many shorebirds and seabirds are found here, including rhinoceros auklet, Brandt's cormorants, and all manner of gulls, puffins, petrels, murres, and more.’
    • ‘However, in films of murres underwater, relative upstroke speed and thrust appear (without kinematic analysis) to be greater during vertical descent against high buoyancy than during horizontal swimming.’
    • ‘Here, we use data collected on the diet of an Arctic-breeding seabird, the thick-billed murre, to infer changes in fish populations in northern Hudson Bay over the past two decades.’
    • ‘However, female murres also laid earlier as they increased in age up to eight years old.’
    • ‘The removal of these predators has benefitted many other bird species on the islands, including puffins, murres, and auklets.’
    • ‘In the early 19th century, fur traders wiped out its seals; during the Gold Rush, a lucrative and larcenous trade in seabird eggs killed millions of common murres.’
    • ‘He became interested in the subject in the 1970s while studying the mating strategies of common murres on the Welsh island of Skomer for his doctoral dissertation.’
    • ‘That information could potentially shed light on whether physiological constraints, rather than strategic adjustments, are most important in limiting egg production in murres and other long-lived seabirds.’
    • ‘Many of the nesting birds live in colonies: the northern gannet, the blacklegged kittiwake, the heron, the double-crested shag, the thick-billed murre, the Atlantic puffin, and the razorbill.’
    • ‘We examined the consequences of natal dispersal on the reproductive success (proportion of pairs rearing chicks) of colonial-breeding Thick-billed murres.’
    • ‘After male murres and Razorbills take their small, flightless chicks to sea, they themselves undergo a prebasic molt, becoming flightless.’
    • ‘By interspersing glides, murres in the model were able to regulate their mean descent speed without altering muscle contraction speed or load.’
    • ‘Our evidence from the diet of nestling thick-billed murres suggests that a switch from an Arctic to a Subarctic fish community occurred from 1997 onwards.’
    • ‘However, 93% of the murres identified were Thick-billed Murres.’
    • ‘Thick-billed murres are arctic seabirds that breed at high densities on cliff ledges, where they lay a single egg without constructing a nest.’
    • ‘This dazzling white 93-feet structure, the tallest tower in Oregon, is the centerpiece of the Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, where puffins, murres, cormorants, and harbor seals make their home.’

Origin

Late 16th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation:

murre

/mər/