Main definitions of mufti in English

: mufti1mufti2

mufti1

noun

  • A Muslim legal expert who is empowered to give rulings on religious matters.

    • ‘Moreover, a fatwa issued by one or more muftis is considered to be binding on his/her co-religionists and not on others.’
    • ‘In the days when this was a hospital, serving mainly Jews and Muslims, Torrance would meet regularly with the chief rabbi and mufti (Muslim religious leader), both of whom held the doctor in great respect.’
    • ‘The Malay muftis aren't alone in arguing against the cultural ramifications of the spread of Mumbai's films.’
    • ‘The Muslim community is governed by the Supreme Muslim Council under the Chief Mufti (religious judge), with a hierarchy of regional muftis, imams, and religious teachers.’
    • ‘Reportedly around a hundred persons have already been to the US under this scheme for madrasah people, like religious leaders, teachers and muftis.’
    • ‘A fatwa is simply a legal opinion in Islam given by a mufti or other religious leader on a specific issue, and this account describes one with which I was involved.’
    • ‘Gendjev, who is considered to be the grey cardinal of the Bulgarian Muslim community, was a chief mufti until the 1990s.’
    • ‘The government appoints the mufti who serves as the country's highest Islamic authority.’
    • ‘They chopped off the heads of Christian monks and Muslim muftis.’
    • ‘In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these.’
    • ‘A fatwa is a legal statement in Islam, issued by a mufti or a religious lawyer after reference to precedents to decide on an issue of jurisprudence.’
    • ‘Most Sunni Uzbeks are led by a state-appointed mufti.’
    • ‘The muftis wanted the government to cut airing of Bollywood movies to only once a week, way down from at least a movie a day on at least one of the country's four television channels.’
    • ‘An NGO there called Sisters in Islam urged that ‘the opinions of the state muftis be viewed as advisory and non-binding’.’
    • ‘Historically, fatwas were independent of the judicial system, although some muftis were officially attached to various courts.’
    • ‘Eventually the mufti is satisfied, we are cleared and proceed across the desert to our temporary home.’
    • ‘Religious opinion on legal matters is given by a mufti or a council of ulemas.’
    • ‘Even the mufti of the republic joined the bandwagon, urging worshippers before last Friday's prayer to cast their vote.’
    • ‘Here the mufti, or jurisconsult, appears to play a role remarkably similar to that of the roman jurist or contemporary European law professor (in providing Gutachten or opinions to courts).’
    • ‘But the latter institution did not specifically play the role of the mufti; rather he was a religio-political advisor to the Sultan.’

Origin

Late 16th century: from Arabic muftī, active participle of 'aftā decide a point of law.

Pronunciation:

mufti

/ˈməftē/

Main definitions of mufti in English

: mufti1mufti2

mufti2

noun

  • Plain clothes worn by a person who wears a uniform for their job, such as a soldier or police officer.

    ‘I was a flying officer in mufti’
    • ‘In Hué, the ancient capital, five thousand infiltrators shed peasant mufti to reveal North Vietnamese uniforms.’
    • ‘Such was the conclusion: that Pakistan, and poor, ex-colonial countries in general, were better served by unelected officers in uniform than by elected politicians in mufti.’
    • ‘In 1989, then a municipal reporter, I spent a night bobbing in the wake of the then mayor of Cape Town as he paid a series of visits, in mufti and minus his chain of office, to nightclubs throughout the city.’
    • ‘But I don't think that came into it, because I was sort of in mufti, on holidays and so on.’
    • ‘The killers turned out to be policemen in mufti - employees of the West Bengal government!’
    • ‘Irregular forces that choose to fight in mufti and from ambush will be able to dramatically decrease the range.’
    • ‘I can remember when my father was a uniformed policemen, but more typically I recall him in mufti when he'd been promoted to detective. He was detective inspector in the end, but I was long gone by then.’
    • ‘He just floated around headquarters in mufti, spinning his web.’
    • ‘We're permitted to wear mufti on this rare occasion, but the absence of school uniform and the shocking appearance of colour still fails to cheer me up.’
    • ‘Having said that I prefer loose-fitting mufti, it strikes me that every time I act as a minister - performing weddings and baptisms - I do wear a simple stole I got from Almy & Sons religious wear catalog.’
    • ‘Workers Heights Sunday mixed bowls, which now starts at 1 pm, will relax its dress regulations to allow players to wear mufti if they prefer.’
    • ‘Another Latino fellow at the bar, evidently a soldier in golf club mufti, responded to the solitude of drinkers around him by making one call after another on his cell phone as he ordered ever-taller glasses of beer.’
    • ‘I enjoy this kind of flip remark, but the chilly response indicated that my new friend didn't, and he summoned over the local vicar, dressed in mufti, to deal with me.’
    • ‘Usually he would wear a plain shirt with some jeans on mufti day, but standing in front of my eyes, he was wearing dark coloured jeans with a navy polo shirt.’
    • ‘I pretended to be a kid in mufti (or a teacher, or something that wasn't a red thumb standing out) and went to the school's sessions.’
    • ‘I do not have robes and I do not have the wherewithal to obtain them and I seek permission of the Court to appear before you in mufti and civvies.’
    • ‘It was the same night, a well-known director-cinematographer said he was roughed up by an allegedly drunken policeman in mufti.’
    • ‘His plan, to scoot from the railroad station the two blocks home, change into mufti, and that's the end of it.’
    • ‘If he seems a bit stolid throughout, that could be the military man's unease in mufti; it certainly helps make his credulousness credible.’
    • ‘I raised the issue with Adam, suggesting that mufti sounded far more like a goat-type animal than an excuse to not wear business clothes.’

Origin

Early 19th century: perhaps humorously from mufti.

Pronunciation:

mufti

/ˈməftē/