Definition of much in English:


pronoun & determiner

  • 1often with negative or in questions A large amount.

    as determiner ‘I did not get much sleep’
    ‘I did so much shopping’
    as pronoun ‘he does not eat much’
    ‘they must bear much of the blame’
    • ‘Often this turns out to be a hoax, clogging up the net and causing much unnecessary anxiety.’
    • ‘To be honest I was asleep for much of the flight so I really don't know what happened.’
    • ‘Technically that's a good thing, as it means there's not much bad going on in the world.’
    • ‘He does not have much free time but when he does he enjoys spending time in his garden.’
    • ‘None of the brothers had given much thought to the consequences of their actions.’
    • ‘It is therefore no wonder that it yields poor crops, in return for much labour and expense.’
    • ‘How do you disagree with much of what the papers print, yet defend to the death their right to print it?’
    • ‘I am a little afraid to ask what it is, but I do know I will not be eating much of this.’
    • ‘So much it is possible to learn from reading the newspapers and watching the television.’
    • ‘So much of modern medicine relies on our understanding of the physiology of the human body.’
    • ‘Few argue with the need to improve the shabby eyesore which blights much of Piccadilly.’
    • ‘So much money is going into the city centre and we feel that we're being ignored.’
    • ‘These stories are rife on the streets and provoke much fear, among the rich and poor equally.’
    • ‘Local drivers will bear much of the cost, through road tolls and vehicle licence fees.’
    • ‘The most important thing is that we're here and there isn't much left for the finish.’
    • ‘I didn't have much interesting news to offer him, but it was nice just to talk to him.’
    • ‘She didn't say much other than what she was up to professionally, but there you go.’
    • ‘He is thought to have spent much of the previous night at a North Yorkshire guest house.’
    • ‘The whole show was cringingly off the mark and much of the time was just plain boring and pointless.’
    • ‘There was so much juicy gossip it was hard to pay much attention to the debate.’
    a lot of, a good deal of, a great deal of, a great amount of, a large amount of, plenty of, ample, copious, abundant, plentiful, considerable, substantial
    a lot, a good deal, a great deal, plenty
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1as pronoun , with negative Used to refer disparagingly to someone or something as being a poor specimen.
      ‘I'm not much of a gardener’
      • ‘In an escalating situation neither side has much of a reputation for brinkmanship.’
      • ‘The idea wasn't at all simple and so I didn't have much of a chance to run with it.’
      • ‘Great person, and a huge influence, but didn't have that much of an effect on the album.’
      • ‘As anyone can see, I'm not much of a scholar when it comes to writing, maybe when it comes to anything.’
      • ‘Well folks, not much of a story, is it?’


  • 1To a great extent; a great deal.

    ‘did it hurt much?’
    ‘thanks very much’
    ‘they did not mind, much to my surprise’
    with comparative ‘they look much better’
    with superlative ‘Nicolai's English was much the worst’
    • ‘The meeting of City fans on Monday revealed that the soul of York City is very much alive.’
    • ‘The dog is a much loved family pet and on these two occasions it was allowed to roam on to the street.’
    • ‘Scotland was a much poorer country than England at the time of the Treaty of Union.’
    • ‘Michael will miss his adopted home and the camaraderie and will be much missed in turn.’
    • ‘Will rushed over to check I was ok, and gave me a much-needed hug, stroking my hair as he did so.’
    • ‘In wealthy areas, the total income available to be taxed is much higher than in poor areas.’
    • ‘He had not much liked the earlier hit he had taken, and he absolutely despised this.’
    • ‘So much did he love playing the trumpet that he had bought a new instrument.’
    • ‘Yet the poor person is much more likely to spend an additional dollar than a rich person.’
    • ‘Their innovative power and tremendous humour and charm are still very much intact.’
    • ‘In his studies he was much influenced by the thinking of Gandhi and Reinhold Niebuhr.’
    • ‘Sherry has been much reviled by reviewers and accused of literally losing the plot.’
    • ‘He was much respected for his willingness to listen, and for the sincerity of his advice.’
    • ‘The rich are much more powerful than the poor and will crush them with a level playing field.’
    • ‘Such a screenwriter runs the risk of being accused of much more than just poor taste.’
    • ‘McEwan has always had a twinkle in her eyes and this is going to be very much evident with the new series.’
    • ‘The main river is a much different prospect, with a nice variety of fish falling to maggot.’
    • ‘Her shoulders shone with a deepening tan, much different from when he had first seen her.’
    • ‘It is a gesture that is very much appreciated by myself and Dawn's family in Devon.’
    • ‘So much so, that when I do have a task to perform, it seems like a really big deal.’
    greatly, to a great degree, to a great extent, a great deal, a lot, exceedingly, considerably, appreciably, decidedly, indeed
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1usually with negative or in questions For a large part of one's time; often.
      ‘I'm not there much’
      • ‘He is kind of an egocentric person and I guess if he doesn't read much, he doesn't think anyone does either.’
      • ‘We don't watch tv much, but we spend all of our time on the Internet.’
      • ‘I don't go out much anymore, so a Guide Dog would be wasted on me.’
      often, frequently, many times, on many occasions, on numerous occasions, repeatedly, recurrently, regularly, habitually, customarily, routinely, usually, normally, commonly
      View synonyms


  • as much

    • The same.

      ‘I am sure she would do as much for me’
      • ‘Those of us who have to travel on the Northern line have suspected as much for years.’
      • ‘I figured as much: I had a feeling this was the case.’
      • ‘I hoped as much, thanks for confirming that.’
  • a bit much

    • informal Somewhat excessive or unreasonable.

      ‘his earnestness can be a bit much’
      • ‘I don't know exactly what to call what I've just been through in the last 24 hours, but it's all a bit much.’
      • ‘It may have been a bit much to expect Dixon to visit the jazz clubs or to go up to Harlem to listen to some blues, but there was plenty else to do and see.’
      • ‘I knew drink was dear in the South but 80 euro for a pint of Harp is a bit much.’
      • ‘When the tourists pour in to see the autumn leaves, traffic on Skyline Drive can be a bit much.’
      • ‘I knew Labour Ministers lie a bit, but accusing two ministers in one week of hypocrisy is a bit much.’
      • ‘Yes, all this red wine as emblem and object of worship may get a bit much, of course.’
      • ‘I've been in trouble in the past but a three-year ban is a bit much.’
      • ‘I've also realised that I quite like having people about, as long as I have a room to hide out in when it gets a bit much.’
      • ‘It probably was a bit much to ask them to do it all over again.’
      • ‘The pregnancy storyline was a bit much and definitely unneeded although it added depth to Dan's family life.’
      • ‘Mind you, while they deserve harsh punishment, nine years might be a bit much.’
      • ‘I will go out for him for the sake of research but really 3 calls in 2 days is a bit much since we haven't even had a date yet!’
      • ‘The picture above with all the limousines is maybe a bit much, but hey, that's just the kind of place it is.’
      • ‘If that brings attention that gets a bit much now and again that's something I'll have to learn to deal with.’
      • ‘I think he's trying to insert some humour into what could be a dull text, but the persistent labeling is a bit much.’
      • ‘D'you reckon red fishnet sleeves are a bit much for the first day back?’
      • ‘While still a beautiful location, the over-the-top glitz of St. Tropez is a bit much.’
      • ‘To say that we developed a keen interest in the subject might be stretching credibility a bit much.’
      • ‘Though I sometimes find Margo a bit much, at least she has something to contribute.’
      • ‘To describe his uncritical account of the official view as ‘an investigation’ is a bit much.’
      unacceptable, intolerable, insufferable, unsatisfactory, undesirable, unreasonable, objectionable, insupportable
      View synonyms
  • make much of

    • Give or ascribe a significant amount of attention or importance to.

      ‘the island can make much of its history as a trading post between Europe and the Arab world’
      • ‘The incident was made much of in the American newspapers, and there was a general outcry from the U.S. public.’
      • ‘In discussing the song ‘Watching the River Flow’, he makes much of what he calls the ‘choppy’ arrangement and how it works against the lyric.’
      • ‘The press made much of his motorcycle, leather jackets and T-shirts, his bongo drum playing.’
      • ‘Mr. Weigel makes much of what he sees as atheistic humanism in Europe, and he calls for a revitalization of Europe's Christian roots.’
      • ‘Obviously, the defense team is making much of this, the prosecution saying it will have no effect on either case.’
      • ‘Mr Taylor makes much of what he regards as the failure of the Council to advise him of his right to appeal to the County Court.’
      • ‘Hasan makes much of the hijab, worn for reasons of modesty.’
      • ‘On the news tonight, a reporter made much of a family's grief and joy, somewhere in the heartland.’
      • ‘Burginde made much of very little, but there was wisdom in her ways, I could see.’
      • ‘No doubt, additionally, Mr Sage was glad to be made much of, and interested to take part in the preparation of the case.’
      • ‘People are making much of Mr Wilson's credibility.’
      • ‘As you know, the Democrats are making much of that relationship with your company.’
      • ‘Of course, her Junoesque figure was exploited in the films and made much of in the media.’
      • ‘I think he is making much of the relations with neighbouring countries more than anything and is making efforts to deepen mutual understanding.’
      • ‘No one will probably make much of his low ethics in the matter, either.’
      • ‘That is what he pushed hardest in the campaign, but it's an issue he never made much of until then.’
      • ‘The Dutch have made much of their fantastic flood preparedness compared to us.’
      • ‘This isn't a huge error on its own, of course, and if it were the only error, I wouldn't make much of it.’
      • ‘The two senators today made much of their optimism.’
      • ‘It may be 35 years since the Beatles broke up, but even now Liverpool still makes much of its Fab Four heritage.’
      flatter, compliment, praise, commend, admire, express admiration for, pay tribute to, say nice things about
      View synonyms
  • (as) much as

    • Even though.

      ‘much as I had enjoyed my adventure it was good to be back’
      • ‘This is a bit long, but, much as it pains me to say it, it's my sort of spoof and I wish I'd written it.’
      • ‘The trouble is, I know I will not have enough energy to go to both these events, much as I want to.’
      • ‘As much as he enjoyed his career, it paled into insignificance beside the love he felt for his family.’
      • ‘As much as I know that we need to take the rough with the smooth, I think some smooth would be very nice right about now.’
      • ‘Which is why I am sick of hearing about the man, much as I like and respect him.’
      • ‘I make pasta for the others, but I eat it only once a week, much as I'd love to eat tons.’
      • ‘As much as I love going to London, jetting over every other week seemed a bit hectic.’
      • ‘I simply have too much stuff in my room to try to vacuum the place, much as it may need it.’
      • ‘As much as I like staying at my parents' house, I find that I never sleep very well there.’
      • ‘As much as we joke and laugh about it, it does rule our life, but I never like that.’
      • ‘As much as I love the fall and its colours and smells, a part of me always dies with the summer.’
      • ‘Ambience is important when you're eating out, and much as we tried, it was in short supply.’
      • ‘As much as we could see that this was a good plan, the audience seemed a little confused.’
      • ‘As much as he denies it, what was supposed to be a temporary job is becoming a vocation.’
      • ‘As much as they were scared initially they were also inspired by the strength they witnessed.’
      • ‘Heavy vehicles, much as they try, find it impossible not to rattle or cause trailers to bounce.’
      • ‘But much as Murray is revelling in his new status as a tournament champion, he is not daft.’
      • ‘As much as we all want to party, showing up hungover to the parade can be dangerous.’
      • ‘As much as I do love London and do my best not to let my negative experiences get me down, a break is always good.’
      • ‘As much as we'd have liked to win, could you really have seen it happening in your wildest dreams?’
  • much less

  • so much the better (or worse)

    • That is even better (or worse)

      ‘we want to hear what you have to say, but if you can make it short, so much the better’
      • ‘And if she chooses to value the book just for its emotional effect, rather than for its insights into the Meaning of Life, so much the better.’
      • ‘If we can gallop past that target, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can ride a horse, so much the better; you'll travel far greater distances and reach terrain beyond the scope of most walkers.’
      • ‘They would be delighted to welcome any parents who would help out and if you come with some goodies so much the better!’
      • ‘What then followed was a bundle of falsehoods and bizarre inversions of reality, perhaps retailed in good faith (and so much the worse if they were).’
      • ‘And surprisingly, if you have some fat to go with it, so much the better.’
      • ‘So yeah, if I broaden my horizons and meet interesting and amusing people, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If you have more, so much the better - we're a little short up here.’
      • ‘If you can get both versions of a film so much the better.’
      • ‘If the Security Council gives him the mandate, so much the better.’
      • ‘If the boat requires or solicits rescue prior to arrival so much the better - someone needs to know they're there.’
      • ‘Happiness is watching kids in the water, and if parents can dip their legs in the water, too, so much the better.’
      • ‘If Asia can focus its limited resources on translating such knowledge into real-life uses, so much the better.’
      • ‘If farmers' incomes are sustained as a side-effect, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If this means we hear less from them at election time, so much the better.’
      • ‘If the celebrations could be associated with a greater awareness of the country's culture, history and traditions, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you understand enough of the language to appreciate the compact poetry of the original French version, so much the better.’
      • ‘If he becomes more reflective, if he becomes nicer to other people, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can market us in Swindon too, so much the better!’
      • ‘If they were exposed to humiliation or embarrassment in front of their families or colleagues, so much the better.’
  • this much

    • The fact about to be stated.

      ‘I know this much, you would defy the world to get what you wanted’
      • ‘I have to hire an entire team of people for a brand new project - this much is true.’
      • ‘But you accept this much at any rate: you did in fact stab her twice?’
      • ‘I haven't a clue about politics but I do know this much - the country needs us to pay our taxes.’
      • ‘Details of exactly what happened next are murky, but this much is clear.’
      • ‘I'll tell you this much, any guy who pulls a stunt like that is coming away with a bloody stump.’
  • too much

    • An intolerable, impossible, or exhausting situation or experience.

      ‘the effort proved too much for her’
      • ‘In the first leg of the race, it was very rough and I thought that it was too much for me.’
      • ‘Much as Clune likes stirring up a bit of a buzz, there are times when it can be too much even for her.’
      • ‘She just goes ahead and does it, telling me to swear out loud if the pain gets too much.’
      • ‘My father felt like that was maybe a little bit too much for me, but how else do you learn?’
      • ‘Their outstanding quality was a little bit too much for us and it was a fair result.’
      • ‘It is too much for us lesser mortals to understand fully what we are supporting and why.’
      • ‘Is it too much to ask to have a little drama surrounding my entrance into the world?’
      • ‘Sarcasm was obviously too much for his assailant as he jumped off the tube and ran away.’
      • ‘For a few though, the constant pressure gets too much and they have to bow out or fold up.’
      • ‘It was quite good, if you like that sort of thing but it was all too much for the Royal couple.’


Middle English: shortened from muchel, from Old English micel (see mickle).