Definition of much in English:

much

pronoun & determiner

  • 1often with negative or in questions A large amount.

    as determiner ‘I did not get much sleep’
    ‘I did so much shopping’
    as pronoun ‘he does not eat much’
    ‘they must bear much of the blame’
    • ‘Few argue with the need to improve the shabby eyesore which blights much of Piccadilly.’
    • ‘To be honest I was asleep for much of the flight so I really don't know what happened.’
    • ‘So much it is possible to learn from reading the newspapers and watching the television.’
    • ‘The whole show was cringingly off the mark and much of the time was just plain boring and pointless.’
    • ‘There was so much juicy gossip it was hard to pay much attention to the debate.’
    • ‘These stories are rife on the streets and provoke much fear, among the rich and poor equally.’
    • ‘It is therefore no wonder that it yields poor crops, in return for much labour and expense.’
    • ‘So much of modern medicine relies on our understanding of the physiology of the human body.’
    • ‘She didn't say much other than what she was up to professionally, but there you go.’
    • ‘None of the brothers had given much thought to the consequences of their actions.’
    • ‘So much money is going into the city centre and we feel that we're being ignored.’
    • ‘Often this turns out to be a hoax, clogging up the net and causing much unnecessary anxiety.’
    • ‘I didn't have much interesting news to offer him, but it was nice just to talk to him.’
    • ‘The most important thing is that we're here and there isn't much left for the finish.’
    • ‘He is thought to have spent much of the previous night at a North Yorkshire guest house.’
    • ‘He does not have much free time but when he does he enjoys spending time in his garden.’
    • ‘Local drivers will bear much of the cost, through road tolls and vehicle licence fees.’
    • ‘Technically that's a good thing, as it means there's not much bad going on in the world.’
    • ‘I am a little afraid to ask what it is, but I do know I will not be eating much of this.’
    • ‘How do you disagree with much of what the papers print, yet defend to the death their right to print it?’
    a lot of, a good deal of, a great deal of, a great amount of, a large amount of, plenty of, ample, copious, abundant, plentiful, considerable, substantial
    a lot, a good deal, a great deal, plenty
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1as pronoun , with negative Used to refer disparagingly to someone or something as being a poor specimen.
      ‘I'm not much of a gardener’
      • ‘Great person, and a huge influence, but didn't have that much of an effect on the album.’
      • ‘As anyone can see, I'm not much of a scholar when it comes to writing, maybe when it comes to anything.’
      • ‘Well folks, not much of a story, is it?’
      • ‘In an escalating situation neither side has much of a reputation for brinkmanship.’
      • ‘The idea wasn't at all simple and so I didn't have much of a chance to run with it.’

adverb

  • 1To a great extent; a great deal.

    ‘did it hurt much?’
    ‘thanks very much’
    ‘they did not mind, much to my surprise’
    with comparative ‘they look much better’
    with superlative ‘Nicolai's English was much the worst’
    • ‘Sherry has been much reviled by reviewers and accused of literally losing the plot.’
    • ‘McEwan has always had a twinkle in her eyes and this is going to be very much evident with the new series.’
    • ‘In wealthy areas, the total income available to be taxed is much higher than in poor areas.’
    • ‘Such a screenwriter runs the risk of being accused of much more than just poor taste.’
    • ‘Her shoulders shone with a deepening tan, much different from when he had first seen her.’
    • ‘Their innovative power and tremendous humour and charm are still very much intact.’
    • ‘Scotland was a much poorer country than England at the time of the Treaty of Union.’
    • ‘Yet the poor person is much more likely to spend an additional dollar than a rich person.’
    • ‘In his studies he was much influenced by the thinking of Gandhi and Reinhold Niebuhr.’
    • ‘He had not much liked the earlier hit he had taken, and he absolutely despised this.’
    • ‘It is a gesture that is very much appreciated by myself and Dawn's family in Devon.’
    • ‘The meeting of City fans on Monday revealed that the soul of York City is very much alive.’
    • ‘The rich are much more powerful than the poor and will crush them with a level playing field.’
    • ‘So much did he love playing the trumpet that he had bought a new instrument.’
    • ‘Michael will miss his adopted home and the camaraderie and will be much missed in turn.’
    • ‘He was much respected for his willingness to listen, and for the sincerity of his advice.’
    • ‘The main river is a much different prospect, with a nice variety of fish falling to maggot.’
    • ‘So much so, that when I do have a task to perform, it seems like a really big deal.’
    • ‘Will rushed over to check I was ok, and gave me a much-needed hug, stroking my hair as he did so.’
    • ‘The dog is a much loved family pet and on these two occasions it was allowed to roam on to the street.’
    greatly, to a great degree, to a great extent, a great deal, a lot, exceedingly, considerably, appreciably, decidedly, indeed
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1usually with negative or in questions For a large part of one's time; often.
      ‘I'm not there much’
      • ‘I don't go out much anymore, so a Guide Dog would be wasted on me.’
      • ‘We don't watch tv much, but we spend all of our time on the Internet.’
      • ‘He is kind of an egocentric person and I guess if he doesn't read much, he doesn't think anyone does either.’
      often, frequently, many times, on many occasions, on numerous occasions, repeatedly, recurrently, regularly, habitually, customarily, routinely, usually, normally, commonly
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • as much

    • The same.

      ‘I am sure she would do as much for me’
      • ‘I figured as much: I had a feeling this was the case.’
      • ‘I hoped as much, thanks for confirming that.’
      • ‘Those of us who have to travel on the Northern line have suspected as much for years.’
  • a bit much

    • informal Somewhat excessive or unreasonable.

      ‘his earnestness can be a bit much’
      • ‘D'you reckon red fishnet sleeves are a bit much for the first day back?’
      • ‘Yes, all this red wine as emblem and object of worship may get a bit much, of course.’
      • ‘The picture above with all the limousines is maybe a bit much, but hey, that's just the kind of place it is.’
      • ‘I knew drink was dear in the South but 80 euro for a pint of Harp is a bit much.’
      • ‘The pregnancy storyline was a bit much and definitely unneeded although it added depth to Dan's family life.’
      • ‘Though I sometimes find Margo a bit much, at least she has something to contribute.’
      • ‘When the tourists pour in to see the autumn leaves, traffic on Skyline Drive can be a bit much.’
      • ‘I've also realised that I quite like having people about, as long as I have a room to hide out in when it gets a bit much.’
      • ‘I think he's trying to insert some humour into what could be a dull text, but the persistent labeling is a bit much.’
      • ‘I've been in trouble in the past but a three-year ban is a bit much.’
      • ‘It probably was a bit much to ask them to do it all over again.’
      • ‘I will go out for him for the sake of research but really 3 calls in 2 days is a bit much since we haven't even had a date yet!’
      • ‘If that brings attention that gets a bit much now and again that's something I'll have to learn to deal with.’
      • ‘I knew Labour Ministers lie a bit, but accusing two ministers in one week of hypocrisy is a bit much.’
      • ‘Mind you, while they deserve harsh punishment, nine years might be a bit much.’
      • ‘It may have been a bit much to expect Dixon to visit the jazz clubs or to go up to Harlem to listen to some blues, but there was plenty else to do and see.’
      • ‘I don't know exactly what to call what I've just been through in the last 24 hours, but it's all a bit much.’
      • ‘To describe his uncritical account of the official view as ‘an investigation’ is a bit much.’
      • ‘To say that we developed a keen interest in the subject might be stretching credibility a bit much.’
      • ‘While still a beautiful location, the over-the-top glitz of St. Tropez is a bit much.’
      unacceptable, intolerable, insufferable, unsatisfactory, undesirable, unreasonable, objectionable, insupportable
      View synonyms
  • make much of

    • Give or ascribe a significant amount of attention or importance to.

      ‘the island can make much of its history as a trading post between Europe and the Arab world’
      • ‘I think he is making much of the relations with neighbouring countries more than anything and is making efforts to deepen mutual understanding.’
      • ‘As you know, the Democrats are making much of that relationship with your company.’
      • ‘This isn't a huge error on its own, of course, and if it were the only error, I wouldn't make much of it.’
      • ‘On the news tonight, a reporter made much of a family's grief and joy, somewhere in the heartland.’
      • ‘Burginde made much of very little, but there was wisdom in her ways, I could see.’
      • ‘Of course, her Junoesque figure was exploited in the films and made much of in the media.’
      • ‘Mr Taylor makes much of what he regards as the failure of the Council to advise him of his right to appeal to the County Court.’
      • ‘That is what he pushed hardest in the campaign, but it's an issue he never made much of until then.’
      • ‘People are making much of Mr Wilson's credibility.’
      • ‘Mr. Weigel makes much of what he sees as atheistic humanism in Europe, and he calls for a revitalization of Europe's Christian roots.’
      • ‘It may be 35 years since the Beatles broke up, but even now Liverpool still makes much of its Fab Four heritage.’
      • ‘No doubt, additionally, Mr Sage was glad to be made much of, and interested to take part in the preparation of the case.’
      • ‘In discussing the song ‘Watching the River Flow’, he makes much of what he calls the ‘choppy’ arrangement and how it works against the lyric.’
      • ‘The Dutch have made much of their fantastic flood preparedness compared to us.’
      • ‘No one will probably make much of his low ethics in the matter, either.’
      • ‘The press made much of his motorcycle, leather jackets and T-shirts, his bongo drum playing.’
      • ‘Obviously, the defense team is making much of this, the prosecution saying it will have no effect on either case.’
      • ‘The two senators today made much of their optimism.’
      • ‘Hasan makes much of the hijab, worn for reasons of modesty.’
      • ‘The incident was made much of in the American newspapers, and there was a general outcry from the U.S. public.’
      flatter, compliment, praise, commend, admire, express admiration for, pay tribute to, say nice things about
      View synonyms
  • (as) much as

    • Even though.

      ‘much as I had enjoyed my adventure it was good to be back’
      • ‘The trouble is, I know I will not have enough energy to go to both these events, much as I want to.’
      • ‘As much as I like staying at my parents' house, I find that I never sleep very well there.’
      • ‘As much as we'd have liked to win, could you really have seen it happening in your wildest dreams?’
      • ‘This is a bit long, but, much as it pains me to say it, it's my sort of spoof and I wish I'd written it.’
      • ‘Heavy vehicles, much as they try, find it impossible not to rattle or cause trailers to bounce.’
      • ‘I simply have too much stuff in my room to try to vacuum the place, much as it may need it.’
      • ‘As much as they were scared initially they were also inspired by the strength they witnessed.’
      • ‘As much as we could see that this was a good plan, the audience seemed a little confused.’
      • ‘As much as I love the fall and its colours and smells, a part of me always dies with the summer.’
      • ‘But much as Murray is revelling in his new status as a tournament champion, he is not daft.’
      • ‘Which is why I am sick of hearing about the man, much as I like and respect him.’
      • ‘As much as we all want to party, showing up hungover to the parade can be dangerous.’
      • ‘As much as he enjoyed his career, it paled into insignificance beside the love he felt for his family.’
      • ‘As much as I know that we need to take the rough with the smooth, I think some smooth would be very nice right about now.’
      • ‘As much as I love going to London, jetting over every other week seemed a bit hectic.’
      • ‘As much as I do love London and do my best not to let my negative experiences get me down, a break is always good.’
      • ‘I make pasta for the others, but I eat it only once a week, much as I'd love to eat tons.’
      • ‘As much as he denies it, what was supposed to be a temporary job is becoming a vocation.’
      • ‘Ambience is important when you're eating out, and much as we tried, it was in short supply.’
      • ‘As much as we joke and laugh about it, it does rule our life, but I never like that.’
  • so much the better (or worse)

    • That is even better (or worse)

      ‘we want to hear what you have to say, but if you can make it short, so much the better’
      • ‘And if she chooses to value the book just for its emotional effect, rather than for its insights into the Meaning of Life, so much the better.’
      • ‘If farmers' incomes are sustained as a side-effect, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If the boat requires or solicits rescue prior to arrival so much the better - someone needs to know they're there.’
      • ‘If you can get both versions of a film so much the better.’
      • ‘If the celebrations could be associated with a greater awareness of the country's culture, history and traditions, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can ride a horse, so much the better; you'll travel far greater distances and reach terrain beyond the scope of most walkers.’
      • ‘If he becomes more reflective, if he becomes nicer to other people, so much the better.’
      • ‘If they were exposed to humiliation or embarrassment in front of their families or colleagues, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you can market us in Swindon too, so much the better!’
      • ‘So yeah, if I broaden my horizons and meet interesting and amusing people, then so much the better.’
      • ‘If you have more, so much the better - we're a little short up here.’
      • ‘If the Security Council gives him the mandate, so much the better.’
      • ‘If you understand enough of the language to appreciate the compact poetry of the original French version, so much the better.’
      • ‘They would be delighted to welcome any parents who would help out and if you come with some goodies so much the better!’
      • ‘If we can gallop past that target, so much the better.’
      • ‘What then followed was a bundle of falsehoods and bizarre inversions of reality, perhaps retailed in good faith (and so much the worse if they were).’
      • ‘And surprisingly, if you have some fat to go with it, so much the better.’
      • ‘If this means we hear less from them at election time, so much the better.’
      • ‘Happiness is watching kids in the water, and if parents can dip their legs in the water, too, so much the better.’
      • ‘If Asia can focus its limited resources on translating such knowledge into real-life uses, so much the better.’
  • this much

    • The fact about to be stated.

      ‘I know this much, you would defy the world to get what you wanted’
      • ‘I'll tell you this much, any guy who pulls a stunt like that is coming away with a bloody stump.’
      • ‘I haven't a clue about politics but I do know this much - the country needs us to pay our taxes.’
      • ‘Details of exactly what happened next are murky, but this much is clear.’
      • ‘But you accept this much at any rate: you did in fact stab her twice?’
      • ‘I have to hire an entire team of people for a brand new project - this much is true.’
  • too much

    • An intolerable, impossible, or exhausting situation or experience.

      ‘the effort proved too much for her’
      • ‘It was quite good, if you like that sort of thing but it was all too much for the Royal couple.’
      • ‘In the first leg of the race, it was very rough and I thought that it was too much for me.’
      • ‘Is it too much to ask to have a little drama surrounding my entrance into the world?’
      • ‘It is too much for us lesser mortals to understand fully what we are supporting and why.’
      • ‘She just goes ahead and does it, telling me to swear out loud if the pain gets too much.’
      • ‘Much as Clune likes stirring up a bit of a buzz, there are times when it can be too much even for her.’
      • ‘Sarcasm was obviously too much for his assailant as he jumped off the tube and ran away.’
      • ‘My father felt like that was maybe a little bit too much for me, but how else do you learn?’
      • ‘For a few though, the constant pressure gets too much and they have to bow out or fold up.’
      • ‘Their outstanding quality was a little bit too much for us and it was a fair result.’

Origin

Middle English: shortened from muchel, from Old English micel (see mickle).

Pronunciation

much

/məCH//mətʃ/