Definition of monotheism in US English:



  • The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.

    • ‘The Indo-Iranian Kurds have their own language, script, and religion, Ezidism, which may be the world's oldest monotheism.’
    • ‘Plenty of evidence indicates that in Paul's day Judaism with its monotheism and high ethical standards was an attractive religion to many non-Jews.’
    • ‘The unequivocal monotheism of Islam served to unite all.’
    • ‘All of this flows, according to Stark, directly from the inherent logic of monotheism.’
    • ‘Once the option for religion has been made, the only serious alternatives are pantheism and monotheism.’
    • ‘Unlike most religions, it requires no one belief regarding the nature of God: it embraces polytheism, monotheism, and monism.’
    • ‘Pantheism can no more account for any decadence than monotheism.’
    • ‘This monotheism, this religion of the one, of course has universal appeal.’
    • ‘But what's different about this human depiction of God, this notion of monotheism, is that it transfers real material scarcity to divinity.’
    • ‘The liberals also commonly assert that monotheism is a late evolutionary religious development.’
    • ‘You're talking about monotheism as if its synonomous with fundamentalism and religious intolerance, which strikes me as a bit of a straw man argument.’
    • ‘Paul's monotheism, which included the view that God controlled everything that happened, was braver than that.’
    • ‘He wrote in favour of monotheism, belief in one God rather than many, using selected Hindu scriptures and Christian Unitarianism to support his case.’
    • ‘The monotheism of the Jews, and of the Christianity that developed from Jewish origins, was central to the moral identity of the West.’
    • ‘This is not simply a clichéd clash between Islamic monotheism and Hindu polytheism as is made out in standard accounts on the subject.’
    • ‘Late antique Neoplatonism was essentially monotheism; Wicca is essentially duotheism.’
    • ‘The ideological clash between monotheism and polytheism furnishes the world with one of its first examples of asymmetrical warfare.’
    • ‘We brought monotheism to a pagan world, and guaranteed women's rights in marriage.’
    • ‘Does your masonry promote multitheism or does it promote monotheism?’
    • ‘In a contest with polytheism, monotheism is likely to prevail, and one who comes to hold that many natural phenomena were created intentionally probably will come to believe in God.’


Mid 17th century: from mono- ‘one’ + Greek theos ‘god’ + -ism.