Definition of monastic in English:

monastic

adjective

  • 1Relating to monks, nuns, or others living under religious vows, or the buildings in which they live.

    ‘a monastic order’
    • ‘It may be wondered if this is the best solution to the situation brought about by the dominance of the monastic tradition in Orthodox worship.’
    • ‘Sera is one of the three great Gelug monastic universities where monks do intensive study and training in Buddhist philosophy.’
    • ‘The religious pillars, of course, are the clergy and monastic orders.’
    • ‘The akharas' dates of founding range from the sixth to the fourteenth century, though large monastic orders have existed throughout India's long history.’
    • ‘With regard to marriage Luther pursues the same idea: The marital relationship between a man and a woman is true chastity and of higher value than monastic asceticism.’
    • ‘Yet, there is a fourth form of service to the world that is much more central to the Orthodox monastic vocation: providing spiritual guidance.’
    • ‘The church and monastic buildings on Lindisfarne today date from the Norman period when a Benedictine monastery was established on the island.’
    • ‘It was a memorable visit, and uplifting for both monastic orders.’
    • ‘Medieval people believed that the suffering of the dead could be eased by the prayers of the living, and monastic prayers of intercession were valued most highly.’
    • ‘Most Theravada monks live as part of monastic communities.’
    • ‘It is my understanding that the current debate preserves monastic celibacy within the religious orders, just as it does for the Eastern Church.’
    • ‘So we spent a lot of time living there with this specific community of monks, a monastic household.’
    • ‘Chastity is the third monastic virtue, the opposite of voluptuousness.’
    • ‘The monastic orders were linked to the bureaucratic structure through papal recognition and interlocking networks.’
    • ‘Today we'll hear from two Buddhists, who lived a monastic life, and also left it after some years.’
    • ‘Some monastic sects, such as the lingayats, wear stone lingams around their necks as a part of their sacred practice.’
    • ‘There is a lot that Heloise has to say on the subject of religion in her later monastic writings.’
    • ‘Before noon of the same day, that forge was blessed by the monastic priests of nearby Kadavul Temple.’
    • ‘Historically, Psalms have always been sung by believers, beginning in Jewish worship and continuing through that of monastic orders.’
    • ‘I saw how they lived, saw how they dressed, and that influenced in a very strict way the monastic protocols that we later put into action in our own monastic order.’
    cloistered, conventual, cloistral, claustral, canonical, monastical
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    1. 1.1 Resembling or suggestive of monks or their way of life, especially in being austere, solitary, or celibate.
      ‘a monastic student bedroom’
      • ‘Music is, by implication, a solitary and almost monastic pursuit, one unabashedly privileged over friendship or love.’
      • ‘Having had a good day of golf and wine with the two Jims and myself, he retired to his room in the monastic student hall of residence.’
      • ‘The bedrooms vary from private apartment to monastic simplicity, yet all bear the hallmarks of a considerate host: candles, joss sticks, tea-making facilities and mosquito repellent.’
      • ‘This image of a monastic, reclusive author, wilfully at odds with much of modernity, was confirmed by the posthumous appearance of Brown's autobiography.’
      • ‘The Armenian Quarter is a little known part of the city and its stone passages and cloisters give it a secluded, monastic air.’
      • ‘It was a very austere kind of monastic existence.’
      • ‘He lives a monastic lifestyle, associates with no one, and has no personal relationships.’
      austere, ascetic, simple, solitary, monkish, celibate, quiet, cloistered, sequestered, secluded, reclusive, withdrawn, hermit-like, eremitic, anchoritic, hermitic, contemplative, meditative
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noun

  • A monk or other follower of a monastic rule.

    • ‘For 500 years, most monastics in Europe belonged to the Benedictine religious order.’
    • ‘Thus, monastics are prophets of the second coming not primarily through their words but through their total existence.’
    • ‘Hence, monastics are continuously involved in ascesis in order to rid their selves of the heavy burden of self-idolization and self-love.’
    • ‘What does the tradition itself say about regulating the behavior of monastics?’
    • ‘For the 4th century desert monastics, however, being a zero meant having acquired the virtue of humility.’
    • ‘Medieval monastics sought to abstain from enjoying daily life, lest they prefer it to God.’
    • ‘I didn't tell anyone about this at the time, except for two or three of the Saivite monastics who were with me in Switzerland.’
    • ‘Through daily ascesis, even in periods of no external persecution, the monastics testify to the martyrdom of conscience.’
    • ‘In the West, however, most Zen practitioners are not monastics.’
    • ‘It is very helpful for young monastics to be exposed to the influence of dedicated lay practitioners.’
    • ‘While there are three million Hindu monastics today, most are loosely organized.’
    • ‘It is the mix of monastics and lay practitioners that is perhaps the monastery's most innovative and vital component.’
    • ‘There is little direct precedent for this model in Asia, where only monastics engage in serious meditation, and its long-range future remains an open question.’
    • ‘While seldom scholars or even clerics, these monastics turned the desert into a city.’
    • ‘Weber's texts also employ the typology to distinguish the asceticism of medieval monastics from that of Calvinism.’
    • ‘Like the monastics and mystics at their best, he has a gift for seeing God everywhere.’
    • ‘He sent one of his monastics to teach classes all over the nation for nearly a year.’
    • ‘Besides the ascesis through spiritual fatherhood, the monastics fulfill their daily spiritual exercise through the more common practices of prayer, fasting, and vigil.’
    • ‘In Asia monastics were great healers, and incredible people.’
    • ‘Among the Celtic monastics there was a form of spiritual direction in which the monks and the nuns discussed both their sinfulness and their need to reform.’
    monk, cleric, friar, religious, regular, monastic, contemplative
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Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘anchoritic’): from late Latin monasticus, from Greek monastikos, from monazein ‘live alone’.

Pronunciation

monastic

/məˈnastik//məˈnæstɪk/