1A sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor.
- ‘The last time the monarch refused to give Royal Assent was in 1707 with Queen Anne.’
- ‘Since then I have described the Queen as our monarch or sovereign, and the governor-general as our head of state.’
- ‘He served as a principal secretary to four successive Tudor monarchs, from Henry VIII to the early reign of Queen Elizabeth.’
- ‘Centuries after the city famously locked out the reigning monarch King Charles I, it was a time to forgive and forget.’
- ‘The 15th-century gothic church is the burial place of 10 monarchs, including Henry VIII, Charles I and the Queen's father, King George VI.’
- ‘Stamboliiski boldly opposed Bulgaria's entry into the First World War in the face of the monarch Tsar Ferdinand.’
- ‘Ministers will be put under pressure to scrap the law that bans the eldest daughter of a British monarch from becoming queen if she has a brother.’
- ‘He shakes hands with the principality's reigning monarch, Prince Hans Adam II, at a garden fête.’
- ‘They called themselves the king and supreme monarch of their respective monarchies by the mandate of heaven.’
- ‘He managed to curry favour with a succession of kings of England and was consort to the nine-year-old monarch Henry III.’
- ‘Although politically unified since the reign of the Catholic monarchs Ferdinand and Isabel in the late fifteenth century, Spain continues to be divided by regional loyalties.’
- ‘This should not be too surprising as emperors and monarchs had been famous in history for their love of flowers and gardens.’
- ‘Being a constitutional monarch, the Queen consistently follows the recommendation of the head of government as required.’
- ‘He returned to the throne in 1993 as a constitutional monarch who ‘reigns but does not govern.’’
- ‘Manuscript illumination flourished under the patronage of the dukes of Burgundy, kings of England, Portuguese monarchs, and Hapsburg rulers.’
- ‘Recently, the museum had the good fortune to acquire the portraits of the monarch and his queen illustrated here.’
- ‘The British annexed Burma in 1886 during the reign of its last monarch - King Thibaw - who was taken to Calcutta, where he died in 1916.’
- ‘In 1900, when Queen Victoria was our monarch, banks accounted for roughly a sixth of the value of the entire stock market.’
- ‘When the Queen first began her reign, monarchs were expected to be somewhat detached, grand and distant figures, especially the British monarch.’
- ‘The English and French monarchs were kings and queens of the land and not the people.’
- ‘White-bellied sea eagle, Blue-throated flycatcher and black-naped monarch flycatcher were some of the birds that could be sighted in the city.’
Late Middle English: from late Latin monarcha, from Greek monarkhēs, from monos ‘alone’ + arkhein ‘to rule’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.