Definition of moderation in English:

moderation

noun

  • 1The avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one's behavior or political opinions.

    ‘he urged the police to show moderation’
    • ‘I decided that with moderation, I could eat anything I wanted.’
    • ‘He identifies the four of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice.’
    • ‘By ‘virtue’ they mean such moral virtues as justice, moderation, and courage.’
    • ‘We advocate that customers eat smart with balance, variety and moderation and go active with moderate exercise.’
    • ‘No, it could be argued that when it comes to the national team we are guilty of the contrary virtues of patience, moderation, and restraint.’
    • ‘Common sense, moderation and consistency are the foundations of a fit body and healthy nutrition.’
    • ‘It will only be cured when people re-discover the old-fashioned virtues of moderation, self-restraint, self-respect, neighbourliness, and a concern for others.’
    • ‘From the disease model point of view, moderation of addictive behavior is an unrealistic goal for a true addict.’
    • ‘It stresses the virtues of wisdom, justice, fortitude, and moderation.’
    • ‘Is there another group that seeks the path of rectitude and moderation with the same fervor?’
    • ‘The antithesis of tyranny is justice and moderation and that of ignorance, knowledge and understanding.’
    • ‘After a couple of nights of moderation, both in political tone and the orator, they're starting to take the gloves off tonight.’
    • ‘Political pluralism also tends to exercise some moderation or restraint on unbridled nationalism.’
    • ‘The County has a long tradition of political moderation with progressive attitudes toward culture, education and science.’
    • ‘He believed that one's guiding principle should be moderation for in the extremes resided the vices of excess and deficiency.’
    • ‘As with all things in bodybuilding, the best way to achieve an extreme physique is through consistency and moderation.’
    • ‘Given the enormous British tradition of restraint and moderation, that won't happen this time but a drastic response such as that will surely happen if such attacks continue.’
    • ‘To some extent, it appears to function as a cautionary tale, preaching moderation: excess, it warns, finishes you off quicker than boredom.’
    • ‘That's what I favour - moderation and responsible behaviour.’
    • ‘They are encouraging young people to associate alcohol with excess and extreme moderation.’
    self-restraint, restraint, self-control, self-discipline
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The action of making something less extreme, intense, or violent.
      ‘the union's approach was based on increased dialogue and the moderation of demands’
      • ‘Ireland needs to see significant and continuous cost reductions and wage moderation if we are to protect existing employment.’
      • ‘Significant cost reductions and a greater focus on wage moderation were necessary to protect jobs in the year ahead.’
      • ‘While that failure doesn't represent a major blow to the aim of seeking a moderation of greenhouse gas abatements strategy, it does represent a serious problem for Australian consumers.’
      • ‘He said the combination of increased housing supply and easing economic growth ‘will see a moderation in the rate of price growth over the coming months’.’
      • ‘A real decline in inflation would depend in the moderation of wage demands by ‘organised groups of workers’, indicated Government sources.’
      • ‘By contrast, German commitment to wage moderation has decreased its real exchange rate relative to Italy's by almost the same amount.’
      • ‘This moderation of tone is politically smart, I think.’
      • ‘They're basically young toughs in these projects, and they're just not responding to any kind of calls for moderation to the violence, not even from their parents, by the way.’
      • ‘This is probably more precaution than I would take on my weblog, particularly the moderation of unregistered comments.’
  • 2Physics
    The retardation of neutrons by a moderator.

    • ‘The individual fibers absorb water, which can contribute to thermal moderation.’
    • ‘Soil water content was measured three times per week by neutron moderation method at 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 cm depths.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin moderatio(n-), from the verb moderare to control (see moderate).

Pronunciation:

moderation

/ˌmädəˈrāSH(ə)n/