Definition of moderation in English:

moderation

noun

  • 1The avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one's behavior or political opinions.

    ‘he urged the police to show moderation’
    • ‘He believed that one's guiding principle should be moderation for in the extremes resided the vices of excess and deficiency.’
    • ‘They are encouraging young people to associate alcohol with excess and extreme moderation.’
    • ‘Given the enormous British tradition of restraint and moderation, that won't happen this time but a drastic response such as that will surely happen if such attacks continue.’
    • ‘The County has a long tradition of political moderation with progressive attitudes toward culture, education and science.’
    • ‘The antithesis of tyranny is justice and moderation and that of ignorance, knowledge and understanding.’
    • ‘I decided that with moderation, I could eat anything I wanted.’
    • ‘We advocate that customers eat smart with balance, variety and moderation and go active with moderate exercise.’
    • ‘As with all things in bodybuilding, the best way to achieve an extreme physique is through consistency and moderation.’
    • ‘It will only be cured when people re-discover the old-fashioned virtues of moderation, self-restraint, self-respect, neighbourliness, and a concern for others.’
    • ‘Common sense, moderation and consistency are the foundations of a fit body and healthy nutrition.’
    • ‘He identifies the four of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice.’
    • ‘After a couple of nights of moderation, both in political tone and the orator, they're starting to take the gloves off tonight.’
    • ‘To some extent, it appears to function as a cautionary tale, preaching moderation: excess, it warns, finishes you off quicker than boredom.’
    • ‘By ‘virtue’ they mean such moral virtues as justice, moderation, and courage.’
    • ‘From the disease model point of view, moderation of addictive behavior is an unrealistic goal for a true addict.’
    • ‘Political pluralism also tends to exercise some moderation or restraint on unbridled nationalism.’
    • ‘It stresses the virtues of wisdom, justice, fortitude, and moderation.’
    • ‘No, it could be argued that when it comes to the national team we are guilty of the contrary virtues of patience, moderation, and restraint.’
    • ‘That's what I favour - moderation and responsible behaviour.’
    • ‘Is there another group that seeks the path of rectitude and moderation with the same fervor?’
    self-restraint, restraint, self-control, self-discipline
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    1. 1.1 The action of making something less extreme, intense, or violent.
      ‘the union's approach was based on increased dialogue and the moderation of demands’
      • ‘This moderation of tone is politically smart, I think.’
      • ‘He said the combination of increased housing supply and easing economic growth ‘will see a moderation in the rate of price growth over the coming months’.’
      • ‘A real decline in inflation would depend in the moderation of wage demands by ‘organised groups of workers’, indicated Government sources.’
      • ‘Significant cost reductions and a greater focus on wage moderation were necessary to protect jobs in the year ahead.’
      • ‘Ireland needs to see significant and continuous cost reductions and wage moderation if we are to protect existing employment.’
      • ‘By contrast, German commitment to wage moderation has decreased its real exchange rate relative to Italy's by almost the same amount.’
      • ‘They're basically young toughs in these projects, and they're just not responding to any kind of calls for moderation to the violence, not even from their parents, by the way.’
      • ‘While that failure doesn't represent a major blow to the aim of seeking a moderation of greenhouse gas abatements strategy, it does represent a serious problem for Australian consumers.’
      • ‘This is probably more precaution than I would take on my weblog, particularly the moderation of unregistered comments.’
      relaxation, easing, easing off, reduction, abatement, weakening, slackening, diminution, diminishing, lessening, decrease, lightening, subsidence, contraction
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  • 2Physics
    The retardation of neutrons by a moderator.

    • ‘The individual fibers absorb water, which can contribute to thermal moderation.’
    • ‘Soil water content was measured three times per week by neutron moderation method at 10, 20, 40, 60, and 80 cm depths.’

Phrases

  • in moderation

    • Within reasonable limits; not to excess.

      ‘nuts can be eaten in moderation’
      • ‘When used in moderation or used in excess on an infrequent basis, the primary effects can be short term.’
      • ‘I've heard many, many times that you can eat these other things in moderation.’
      • ‘Hence the need to regularly swim, cycle, or walk - all in moderation and within your limits of course.’
      • ‘When it comes to dieting, the official view - eat a balanced diet in moderation, and do exercise - is probably the right one.’
      • ‘If you drink beverages that contain alcohol, do so only in moderation, and eat food before you have a drink.’
      • ‘They have the trick of drinking alcohol in moderation.’
      • ‘There's nothing wrong with eating fatty foods, as long as it's in moderation.’
      • ‘The team at Stirling University have discovered workers of both sexes who drink in moderation tend to earn more than their teetotal colleagues.’
      • ‘Be casual, active, and have an outgoing personality, but do it in moderation.’
      • ‘I even learned to drink, in moderation, and eat very slowly into the night.’
      in moderate quantities, in moderate amounts, within reasonable limits, within sensible limits, within limits, within bounds, within due limits
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Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin moderatio(n-), from the verb moderare ‘to control’ (see moderate).

Pronunciation

moderation

/ˌmɑdəˈreɪʃ(ə)n//ˌmädəˈrāSH(ə)n/