Definition of model in English:

model

noun

  • 1A three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale than the original.

    ‘a model of St. Paul's Cathedral’
    [as modifier] ‘a model airplane’
    • ‘The growth and development of Munster is illustrated in a series of scale models found in the Stadt Museum, built round a tempting ice cream parlour and above shops.’
    • ‘The scale model of the proposed Sports Village is on display at Leigh Library.’
    • ‘As a self confessed car nut I was in my element examining pictures of Formula 1 cars and drivers, rally cars, scale models, trucks and bikes.’
    • ‘Scale models of various aircraft have been tastefully mounted in the central section of each decade-wise display.’
    • ‘It will be a scale model of a Romany caravan about the size of a Wendy house for children to play in.’
    • ‘Each room contains a larger scale model, together with scale models of the major facilities (such as the performance venue).’
    • ‘For over half a century, kits have been sold that enable military history buffs to assemble scale models of military ships, aircraft and vehicles.’
    • ‘A three-dimensional, scale model of the Abbey grounds will be on display in the local banks over the next few weeks.’
    • ‘Underneath me, a small boy keeps jumping up and slapping a scale model of China that's been fastened to the wall.’
    • ‘You can buy scale models of old tankers in the convention hall, too.’
    • ‘They take images like the one you see there and create three-dimensional models with not only the brain, but also the blood vessels.’
    • ‘Crews aboard two Canadian Navy ships spent three days looking for the one-eighth scale models, but were unsuccessful.’
    • ‘The display of matchstick models (including Chartres cathedral in 65,000 matches) instils wide-eyed humility.’
    • ‘Taking pride of place in the gallery were scale models of a Euro-fighter Typhoon, a Hunter aeroplane and a 68 mm rocket.’
    • ‘The exhibition would also include the display of various fishing nets, hooks and scale size models of fishing gear now not in use.’
    • ‘I squint at the scale model of the exhibition which is sitting on the table in between us.’
    • ‘He pointed out the scale model of the new monastery and it will surely be a beautiful building when it is completed.’
    • ‘On display will be vintage cars, commercials, vintage tractors, stationary engines, scale models and motorbikes, along with the only steam motor cycle in the world.’
    • ‘A model, to scale, of the Ballina Church with the proposed changes is currently on view in front of the altar in the Church.’
    • ‘They will be encouraged to take part in a design game, which uses large maps and scale models to represent town features.’
    replica, toy, miniature, mock-up, dummy, imitation, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction, facsimile
    replica, copy, representation, mock-up, dummy, imitation, double, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction
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    1. 1.1 (in sculpture) a figure or object made in clay or wax, to be reproduced in another more durable material.
      • ‘The manner in which the leg is cut off at the groin in some of these drawings recalls the ecorche wax models of legs formerly attributed to Michelangelo in the Victoria and Albert Museum.’
      • ‘The sculpture models were all cast after his death.’
      • ‘In the past, this would have meant having a sculptor create a clay model from the drawings.’
      • ‘Work on the statue required a total of two years, with eight months devoted to sculpting the clay model.’
      • ‘Her sculptures begin life as straw and plaster models before they are cast.’
      • ‘For thousands of years, in fact, foundry workers have made bronze castings of clay models made by sculptors.’
      • ‘However, given the sculptural effect Leonardo sought to produce in these finished drawings, one wonders to what extent he may have copied from wax or plaster models of flayed limbs.’
      • ‘Several large sculptures, as well as models, are on view.’
      • ‘A principal use of wax in sculpture is as an auxiliary material, either for preliminary sketches or for making models to be reproduced in metal.’
      • ‘Quinn sent resin body casts of the subjects to Italy where they were used as models by stone craftsmen who hand-carved the sculptures in editions of three.’
      replica, copy, representation, mock-up, dummy, imitation, double, duplicate, lookalike, reproduction
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  • 2A system or thing used as an example to follow or imitate.

    ‘the law became a model for dozens of laws banning nondegradable plastic products’
    [as modifier] ‘a model farm’
    • ‘Is it any wonder we are confused when we live in a popular culture that is fixated on love, yet fails to provide any realistic models for us to follow?’
    • ‘He suggested that the course should follow models already available to students in parts of Europe, in Australia and America.’
    • ‘At first, they followed the Japanese model: outsource within the domestic economy.’
    • ‘Western models were often followed; mods and rockers, skinheads, punks, and hippies all found their Soviet imitators.’
    • ‘A Bradford car dealership has been hailed as a model for others to follow for its work in supporting and promoting equal opportunities.’
    • ‘Organization for the first leg followed traditional models.’
    • ‘We have tried to follow the US model or the Western European models.’
    • ‘Many nations have unabashedly followed the American model of development.’
    • ‘Diabetics should follow a self-monitoring model to help in better management of the disease.’
    • ‘He observes that churches now follow the same corporate models that farms have adopted.’
    • ‘When making decisions, state officials refuse to take reality into account and follow the same old models.’
    • ‘He says it needs to follow the trends of models overseas.’
    • ‘The industry however, believes that the model to be followed and which is a big driver is ‘buy now and pay later’.’
    • ‘If it isn't a war then we should follow the criminal model and use the laws and rules that have been established to to deal with this.’
    • ‘And I'm afraid, with respect, that the European networks are no models to follow at all.’
    • ‘He also wants the Government to follow the Spanish model of organ donation.’
    • ‘Many coffee-shops are now following the same model, which could undermine the prospects for fee-based hotspots.’
    • ‘Those who have it make the best friends, the best leaders, the best models to follow.’
    • ‘This is the first national pilot for the scheme and it is likely other authorities will follow the model in Wiltshire.’
    • ‘He has followed the same model with his current operation.’
    prototypical, prototypal, archetypal, illustrative
    prototype, stereotype, archetype, type, version, style
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    1. 2.1 A simplified description, especially a mathematical one, of a system or process, to assist calculations and predictions.
      ‘a statistical model used for predicting the survival rates of endangered species’
      • ‘Today's simulation systems typically use advanced mathematical models to simulate and predict factory floor operations.’
      • ‘It may seem strange to call the natural number system a model.’
      • ‘Many studies present mathematical models that describe evolutionary processes involving bacteria.’
      • ‘Mathematical models are used to try to make sense of the data or predict their future values.’
      • ‘It's all about mathematical models that provide accurate descriptions of measurable properties and it's real in much the same way a path or a recipe is real, I think.’
      • ‘You could also create a mathematical model of a dimpled die and compute the odds.’
      • ‘Our mathematical model for the description of ionic motion in the spine is the Langevin equation.’
      • ‘Physical scientists find uses for mathematical models, applying them to help understand processes and patterns in the real world.’
      • ‘The pair had to adjust their probabilistic model to make the calculations more tractable.’
      • ‘Other work includes simple mathematical models for processes affecting pools.’
      • ‘Although some purely theoretical work has been done, the key element in this field of research is being able to link mathematical models and data.’
      • ‘Controls could also be placed on emissions levels as estimated by mathematical models of pollution processes.’
      • ‘Operational-tactical models provide the basis for mathematical models of naval warfare processes.’
      • ‘Theoretical chemistry is the study of chemical phenomena with the help of mathematical models and computer calculations.’
      • ‘This is the reason why they develop, as a rule, systems of mathematical models and computational problems.’
      • ‘His greatest fame, however, is as a result of the mathematical models which he created to assist in his teaching of geometry.’
      • ‘To study this process, they use detailed mathematical models that describe how the atoms in the protein interact.’
      • ‘Around the same time he began working on a mathematical model of forest management.’
      • ‘So they formulated and tested mathematical models.’
      • ‘One involves developing the mathematical models to control vast systems of chips with built-in coolers.’
      prototype, stereotype, archetype, type, version, style
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    2. 2.2model of A person or thing regarded as an excellent example of a specified quality.
      ‘as she grew older, she became a model of self-control’
      [as modifier] ‘he was a model husband and father’
      • ‘The merger stood out as a model of discipline among the industry's increasingly expensive couplings.’
      • ‘It was baffling, he suggested, that a country so stained by a history of slavery and brutal segregation should dare think itself a model of purity.’
      • ‘That's when I first started trying so hard, pushing myself to be such a model of perfection.’
      • ‘He was neither influential on policy, a significant thinker on Germany, or a model of the freedom-is-truth ideal he propounded.’
      • ‘As a piece of curatorial work, the two shows are a model of excellence.’
      • ‘Its inquiry has been a model of its kind, an example of how parties can work together and parliament with the Executive.’
      • ‘He agrees that his failure to respond is not a model of perfection.’
      • ‘The late cardinal was a model of sanctity for today's Christians.’
      • ‘Guy looked like an ancient Greek statue come to life, for he was a model of physical perfection.’
      • ‘A Jewish king was supposed to be a model of what an ideal Jew is all about - a figurehead for the rest of the nation to emulate.’
      • ‘The book makes for an excellent history of a major corporation and a model of organization for coverage of a complex topic.’
      • ‘The hypocrite is a good example for other people, a model of probity and decorum, at least until the truth comes out.’
      • ‘Her book is an excellent study of the early modern professions and a model of insightful historical research.’
      • ‘Solomon, for example, is held up as a model of wisdom, even though he eventually becomes as corrupted as other kings.’
      • ‘Up to the age of 11, my childhood has been a model of textbook perfection.’
      • ‘He is a model of patience and an example of how to listen without making moral judgments or instant evaluations.’
      • ‘An initiative to provide low-cost affordable homes above shops in York has been praised as a model of urban regeneration by the Government.’
      • ‘But he always seemed to me to be a model of what a Christian penitent should be and I was always grateful for him.’
      • ‘The hospice model of care is now espoused as a model of excellence and has led to a worldwide hospice movement aspiring to deliver high quality care to dying patients.’
      • ‘I think in many ways it has been a model of executive-legislative relations.’
      ideal, paragon, perfect example, specimen, perfect specimen
      ideal, perfect, exemplary, classic, flawless, faultless, consummate, impeccable
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    3. 2.3model for An actual person or place on which a specified fictional character or location is based.
      ‘the author denied that Marilyn was the model for his tragic heroine’
      • ‘The boarding school background matched his very closely, and some claim that specific models for each character are known.’
      • ‘Coincidentally this same guy was the model for a character in a story I just wrote.’
      • ‘It has published its first work of fiction and folks in Miami are trying to find out the real-life models for the characters.’
      • ‘The list was eventually whittled down to just five names and from that came the choice of a model for the character.’
      • ‘The actual model is a homemaker and mother of two children now living in the Houston area.’
  • 3A person, typically a woman, employed to display clothes by wearing them.

    ‘a fashion model’
    • ‘In this respect, you're paying a model to have clothes put on her and let people stare at her.’
    • ‘But the retirement age for high fashion models is still around 25, with only a handful of supermodels considered viable into their thirties.’
    • ‘A packed house was very appreciative of the fashion displayed and all the models got a great reception.’
    • ‘Mostly I do photography because I am not tall enough to be a runway model, so I pose for magazines and calendars.’
    • ‘Pencil thin models wearing strappy clothes peddle youth as the ultimate goal.’
    • ‘Top models will display the students' design collection.’
    • ‘Until the clothes are on the models and all the hair and make-up is done, you're never going to see the whole picture.’
    • ‘The two restaurants and Dublin were illuminated beautifully to highlight the embroidery and sequin work on the garments displayed by the sinuous models.’
    • ‘Starting with a series of fashion shows, the first three days will see leading models displaying the exquisite collections.’
    • ‘There were models and make-up artists and photographic assistants and they were all ignoring me.’
    • ‘The next round was the fashion show competition in Mumbai where the designs created by the finalists were displayed by the models.’
    • ‘You just know this third record of his is going to end up playing at fashion shows while expressionless models parade about in ridiculous clothes.’
    • ‘Well done Claire, we may even see you in the future as a model, or a clothes designer!’
    • ‘The section shows readers how to mirror the look of clothes worn by models in Milan without breaking the bank.’
    • ‘Sales means they need a model to display clothes on how they look.’
    • ‘When they were published in magazines, the captions would have named the clothes, not the models; here in the Portrait Gallery the anonymous model becomes the subject.’
    • ‘In the 1850s, Charles Worth popularized the use of live models to sell clothes when he encouraged his wife to wear his creations and show them off to his clientele.’
    fashion model, supermodel, mannequin
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    1. 3.1 A person employed to pose for an artist, photographer, or sculptor.
      • ‘Ben wanted to do some cave photography and needed a willing group of models to pose for him.’
      • ‘Not only his most famous painting, but also several other works, appeared to be based closely on photographs of models posing in the book, which has been out of print for several years.’
      • ‘The character in the story cannot see that his young wife posing as a model is dying as he portrays her on the canvas.’
      • ‘She was an artists' model, she travelled and was unmarried when she had her daughter 30 years ago.’
      • ‘He posed a nude model to fix the exact posture of Salome in the water-colour version of The Apparition in the Louvre.’
      • ‘Only last year, a Royal Academy of Arts touring workshop was not allowed to employ nude models to pose for art students.’
      • ‘The model was posed and one of the lights blew so we had to concentrate on shadows - there was no choice.’
      • ‘Working with a model, the artist took photos until he was satisfied with the figure's position.’
      • ‘At one time, artists used live models to sketch and paint portraits.’
      • ‘The model's poses, at first glance sexually provocative, are actually those used by wolves.’
      • ‘I walk into a room, pick up a piece of charcoal and look at the model posing against a sofa draped in blue.’
      • ‘Which actor's resume includes stints as a coffin polisher, a milkman and a nude model for artists?’
      • ‘A good model should understand the artist's intention and help to realize the effect the artist wants to achieve.’
      • ‘Although most of the academies confined their activities to teaching and to the provision of models for artists to study a few began to offer members and friends a chance to show their recent work in public.’
      • ‘Artists' models, like fashion photographers' models, are assumed to have been so far transformed as to have no personal claim on the image.’
      • ‘A new sketch starts with the artist using live models for composition and fall of cloth, followed by referring to as many photographs as possible to get the detail accurate.’
      • ‘A group of artists from Bradford on Avon are holding a spring exhibition and hope to recruit new models to pose for them in the autumn.’
      • ‘You may think it's always going to be interesting to look at a naked person, but many people who try to be artist's models are not very good.’
      • ‘The artist demands a pose, the model complies; but once the model assumes the pose, the artist must pay attention.’
      • ‘To further help him, he also hired a photographer to take photographs of the models as they posed - and also other objects he wanted in the picture.’
      sitter, poser, subject, artist's model, photographic model
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  • 4A particular design or version of a product.

    ‘trading your car in for a newer model’
    • ‘And, because of the mid-January unveiling of new models and products, it is keenly watched by the boating industry.’
    • ‘Designing a workable model requires not only vision, but also respect for the individual parts that make up the whole.’
    • ‘A version will ship early next year in Europe alongside a model designed specifically as a wireless data unit.’
    • ‘About the size of a clock radio, the first model is designed for a person using a phone, but other models will work in open office space.’
    • ‘Since the entire product line was based on this design, the smaller models were plagued by the same problems.’
    • ‘The series comprises three models designed to provide high gain and maximum value and reliability in a compact, rugged design.’
    • ‘This often required that multiple product models be designed and manufactured to meet different national standards.’
    • ‘You'll also find some newer versions of these models which have larger capacity and slight overall performance improvements.’
    • ‘The company plans to roll out new notebook computer models designed for corporate customers in the first quarter of next year.’
    • ‘Lately, many equipment makers have unveiled new models designed for broad dairy product applications.’
    • ‘The next workshop will take into account council's views and may include some basic physical design models.’
    • ‘Further questioning revealed that he had never touched any version or model of the product I was calling about!’
    • ‘Compared to the standard version, the SX model as subject here, has two side sliding doors.’
    • ‘The estate version of these models is likely to cost around £1,000 more.’
    • ‘Instead, the new offerings resembled sleeker versions of the utilitarian models pedaled in cities like Amsterdam or Brussels.’
    • ‘Every guarantee card that is given has the model and the design number printed in order to avoid duplication.’
    • ‘Are they available in 12 volt models designed for cars?’
    • ‘Other highlights will include upgraded versions of several models, along with enhanced products from its upscale division.’
    • ‘But this year the event saw many mainstream manufacturers showing green versions of familiar models for the first time.’
    • ‘Mine has its scope severely limited by the length of cable, being a model designed primarily for videophone use.’
    version, type, design, mark, configuration, variety, kind, sort
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Fashion or shape (a three-dimensional figure or object) in a malleable material such as clay or wax.

    ‘use the icing to model a house’
    • ‘The four bronze lions at the base of Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London, were modeled by Landseer and put into place in 1867.’
    • ‘Other small-scale terra-cottas are delicately modeled beach and seascapes in the form of small relief plaques.’
    • ‘Another difference is that her pieces are constructed, and mine are literally modeled and then cast.’
    • ‘One plastinate is modelled on Salvador Dali's 1936/37 painting ‘Burning Giraffe’.’
    • ‘The trapdoors are made of soil, often clay, modeled into shape and reinforced with silk.’
    • ‘A spectacular example is the incense burner in the shape of a beautifully modeled floating crane.’
    • ‘It is sensitively modeled to portray the aquiline nose and almond-shaped eyes of the king.’
    • ‘Kirchner was appointed in 1727 to work on modelling porcelain for the Japanese Palace but proved wayward and was asked to leave.’
    • ‘The figures are modeled as big hand-built pots, like early pre-Columbian figurines.’
    • ‘Stay-making also became a separate craft, and separate corsets became a common part of female fashion, variably modelling the torso under the clothing.’
    • ‘The figure was modelled in marble in Italy, and by the time it was ready, so was the new three-storey office building.’
    • ‘Summoned to Paris, Canova began the sculpture in 1802 by modelling Napoleon's likeness; he finished the statue in Rome in 1806.’
    • ‘Following a trip to Paris in 1909 and exposure to Aristide Maillol's work, she modeled life-sized figures in stone.’
    • ‘The sculptures range from earthy red to dark green tones and are modeled in terra cotta from a life form, and then cast in bronze.’
    • ‘Both figures are modelled with revolting realism but have glass bowls for heads.’
    • ‘When he was born, Marc immediately set about measuring his head and then modelling it in clay.’
    • ‘The figure was modeled directly after an illustration from volume three of Antonio Francesco Gori's Museum Florentinum, published in Florence in 1734.’
    • ‘In a nutshell: beeswax is modeled over a clay core, covered by an outer layer of clay, banded and dried, with muddy clay washes that fill cracks and cover the bands.’
    • ‘It is modeled on a Meissen figure described as ‘Schneider, welcher auf einem Ziegenbock reitet’ (a tailor who rides on a goat).’
    • ‘He also made thousands of drawings, paintings, modelled clay, was a sculptor, and designed costumes.’
    • ‘The next summer he returned with sketches and immediately went to work again modeling the clay into various shapes and decorating it with imagery similar to that used in his paintings.’
    1. 1.1 (in drawing or painting) represent so as to appear three-dimensional.
      ‘the body of the woman to the right is modeled in softer, riper forms’
      • ‘Schematically shaded at its lower and right sides, the golf ball is illusionistically modeled not in the round but in relief, as is often the case with the apples and oranges of Cezanne.’
      • ‘The faces and hands of the saints are beautifully modeled, expressive, and elegant.’
      • ‘A handsome young man, the cheekbones and almost delicate slope of his nose are modeled with deft passages of brush.’
      • ‘Lot and His Daughters betrays the influence of Caravaggio in the heavy chiaroscuro light effects and the deftly modelled figures.’
      • ‘Her face and arms and the background woods are heavily modeled with black.’
      • ‘The indolently nude woman in the featured painting was in fact modeled by Ingres's first wife.’
    2. 1.2model something on/after Use (especially a system or procedure) as an example to follow or imitate.
      ‘the research method will be modeled on previous work’
      • ‘She has also taken the unusual step of modelling her image on Mother Theresa.’
      • ‘This is costing them too much and they should model their systems on Scottish farms, which are now being broken down into 3 groups.’
      • ‘From the start, the universities were modeled after metropolitan examples and typically started off as colleges or affiliates of metropolitan institutions.’
      • ‘I never modelled my style on his, but I did try to take parts of his game and graft them on to mine.’
      • ‘The model draws on previous work looking at, among other things, induced innovation.’
      • ‘In fact, it is modelled on the water-cooling system of a leaf.’
      • ‘The writer modelled her character on an existing female politician.’
      • ‘The singer says he modeled his character on homeless people he observed during a stay in Pittsburgh.’
      • ‘We modeled these instructions on those used in previous pain studies.’
      • ‘Early teaching methods were modelled on the monastic system or based on trade guilds, with no specific forms of architecture.’
      • ‘And they're modeling their action after the freedom riders from the civil rights movement.’
      • ‘In wargames, theme is everything, as the designer is attempting to model a game on a historical or quasi-historical event, and the rules follow from trying to simulate aspects of that event.’
      • ‘And there was nothing there that even remotely resembled my current hairstyle, so I modelled the avatar on me five years ago when my hair was short and reddish brown.’
      • ‘The government should model fiber-optic lines after the highway system, laying free federal lines unconnected to any service.’
      • ‘The procedures were modeled after the Nobels, with the final selection being made by the international jury with all deliberations and voting in secret.’
      • ‘The Opposition might like to recognise that the system it has modelled its approach on - that of England - was dumped last week by the Brits because it is useless.’
      • ‘The Socialist Republic of Vietnam came into existence in July 1976 as a communist country modelling its political system after those of the Soviet Union and China.’
      • ‘This would not be a problem if we modelled our city on Bogota's innovative transportation system.’
      • ‘HIV service delivery systems are modeled on community-based long-term care services designed to meet the needs of the elderly chronically ill.’
      • ‘The scientists were able to follow the surviving Salmonella and model its growth on raw poultry meat, showing how it behaves in a real food environment.’
    3. 1.3model oneself on Take (someone admired or respected) as an example to copy.
      ‘he models himself on rock legend Elvis Presley’
      • ‘She modeled herself on, of all things, another Dame.’
      • ‘She is not someone whom the nation's females can model themselves on.’
      • ‘Mass opposition to a war against a dictator who models himself on Stalin is being led by a man who is nostalgic for Stalin.’
      • ‘‘We have modelled ourselves on a construction company,’ he said.’
      • ‘And, of course, it is freely observable in daily life as we all model ourselves on what we are exposed to.’
      • ‘Rather than modelling themselves on a school or atelier, these seven artists presented themselves as a corporation, a parody of high capitalism, with logos, shares and brochures.’
      • ‘They cannot afford to mock the bands they model themselves on but a bit of tongue-in-cheek humour doesn't go amiss either.’
      • ‘Perhaps the strangest byway is the vanished London subculture of the ‘mollies’, or gay men who modelled themselves on women and went as far as to stage mock childbirths.’
      • ‘Looks are crucial in this elegant city, whose inhabitants have always modelled themselves on Europeans.’
      • ‘Of all the obnoxious media-unfriendly celebrities in the world, who do model yourself on?’
      • ‘Another similar force for conformity is that organizations more or less model themselves on each other by copying what is considered to be best practice.’
      • ‘In fact, young actors often model themselves on that, thinking that unacceptable behavior is okay.’
      • ‘I grew up looking at pictures of him and modelling myself on him.’
      • ‘Dubai, rather short on natural resources, and long a trading hub, is more or less modeling itself on Singapore.’
      • ‘He is immensely ambitious, unashamedly modelling himself on Julius Caesar.’
      • ‘So, you modelled yourself on the cartoon Simba?’
      • ‘She models herself on Margaret Thatcher and Indira Gandhi.’
      • ‘We were trying to play the English game, when we should have been modelling ourselves on the French, even on the Welsh.’
      • ‘So we can't tell how much she had read; how far she was an original, and how far she was conscious of modelling herself on earlier saints.’
      imitate, copy, reproduce, mimic, mirror, echo, follow, model oneself on, take as a model, take as an example
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    4. 1.4 Devise a representation, especially a mathematical one, of (a phenomenon or system)
      ‘a computer program that can model how smoke behaves’
      • ‘To date, it has mainly focused on modeling physical systems and reasoning about them.’
      • ‘We modelled a logistic regression for the entire sample that included age, sex, physical illness, and a sex-physical illness interaction term.’
      • ‘This approach has proven successful for modeling cellular metabolism.’
      • ‘Note that modeling mutation this way does not assume that it is equally likely to have a mutation arise that is beneficial overall vs. one that is deleterious.’
      • ‘In both cases, a coefficient of variation was modeled for each plot by assigning the mean height and rooting depth (per species) for all 14 plants in each plot.’
      • ‘Moreover, the manner in which each single phenomenon was modelled can be discussed.’
      • ‘This conclusion is based in part on an analysis of mathematical logic, model theory in particular.’
      • ‘All have sought ways to construct complex three-dimensional building forms devised with the liberating influence of new computer modeling systems.’
      • ‘I will summarize the most general ‘systems wisdoms’ I have absorbed from modeling complex systems and hanging out with modelers.’
      • ‘In anomaly detection, the normal behavior of the system is modeled.’
      • ‘To do this we will use Brownian motion to model the evolution of Player A's chance of winning.’
      • ‘However, the complexity of biological systems and the differences in experimental starting points make it difficult to establish a standard formula for modeling a given system.’
      • ‘The thermal systems were extensively modelled prior to construction, and, like the shower towers, they are unprecedented in that they are able to be fine tuned post construction.’
      • ‘For those unsure if their home is in a flood area, most insurance companies now have modelling systems that will be able to tell - down to postcode level - which properties are at risk.’
      • ‘Aspects of biological systems are usefully modeled by manageably small digital programs.’
      • ‘Here, I supplement that approximation by a two time scale analysis allowing for modeling a system including slow buffers.’
      • ‘The string models the mathematical concept of a knot.’
      • ‘The way in which mutations are modeled is extremely important in determining the steady-state distribution of phenotypes.’
      • ‘Roughly speaking, these machines modeled a physical system by mechanical or electrical means.’
      • ‘Population dynamics models the evolution of populations.’
  • 2Display (clothes) by wearing them.

    • ‘Have a parade with the guests modeling their new hats.’
    • ‘She found a nice red T-shirt and turned to see Jessica grinning and modeling her clothes behind her.’
    • ‘So, if you did see women in Korea modelling underwear, in catalogues or on posters in department stores, it would always be western women, or Russians.’
    • ‘During the second half of the evening casual and funky clothes were modelled as the girls gave everyone ideas for a Saturday night out with a difference.’
    • ‘The clothes will be modelled by students, members of the community and sporting personalities.’
    • ‘What concerns me most is that they appear to have gotten homeless people to model these outfits.’
    • ‘Having modelled five coats for the campaign, she can apparently keep them all.’
    • ‘The winner will go on to an international contest in Shanghai, and will also be modeling clothes in Paris.’
    • ‘One would think that Asian models would be more suited to model clothes with the Oriental flair.’
    • ‘She modeled clothes for some big company based in Montreal.’
    • ‘Jakey modeled his clothes in front of the mirror for me and turned to smile.’
    • ‘His friends are green with envy after Paul got the chance to see Catherine modelling the dress.’
    • ‘I had some cake with them and admired Kait when she modeled her bathing suit for us.’
    • ‘Teenage girls should be modeling teenage clothes in a appropriate environment, they should not be exploited.’
    • ‘So now she was modeling her new clothes for mother in the living room.’
    • ‘Earlier, judges narrowed the field of 81 to 15, then 10, as hopefuls modelled evening gowns and swimsuits.’
    • ‘Students and staff will be modelling clothes from more than nine different high street stores at the show.’
    • ‘Of course, it's not every day that Rachel is going to be getting a job modelling underwear.’
    • ‘I just sulked in one of the chairs and watched my best friends model clothes.’
    • ‘A woman modelling the shoes said, ‘Actually, they are extremely comfortable.’’
    1. 2.1[no object] Work as a model by displaying clothes or posing for an artist, photographer, or sculptor.
      • ‘Then someone suggested that I should start modelling.’
      • ‘I also model - I'm 29 and have been modelling since I was 15.’
      • ‘Sameera would leave modelling to her sisters and declares: ‘I'm in love with the moving camera.’’
      • ‘I've modeled for several male photographers who showed me the poses they wanted by doing it themselves, and most of the time, they looked about this silly.’
      • ‘Aidan struck a pose, trying to look like he was modeling.’
      • ‘Woods has said his girlfriend had done swimsuit modelling, but never posed nude.’
      • ‘The sculptor may have modeled a terra-cotta bust of Anne-Marie.’
      • ‘Saying it was a thoroughly enjoyable experience for her, she went on to answer the quizmaster's questions about modelling.’
      • ‘Rising to her feet she struck a pose; playfully modeling for him.’
      • ‘In her 20s, she dabbled in modelling, photography and clothes design, occasionally shooting videos for America's alternative rock royalty.’
      • ‘She doesn't blame modelling for her past sorrows, although working in an industry where physical perfection is paramount can't be the best environment for a girl with a need to be accepted.’
      • ‘But my grandmother did not allow her to go into modelling.’
      • ‘Although she has done some swimsuit modelling, she has never posed nude, nor does she have any intention of doing so.’
      • ‘I have known her since I was 17 and started modelling.’
      • ‘When she modeled in her early twenties, ‘upside-down poses, handstands and things like that were really easy, and I could hold them a long time.’’
      • ‘Others of us modeled without clothes on for Life Drawing classes.’
      • ‘She said: ‘I have never thought about modelling - and I don't think I would, although it would be nice to do for a while.’’
      • ‘Back in Scotland, she modelled for ten years and worked as a make-up artist before making the break into media.’
      • ‘From modelling to cinema she never planned anything.’
      • ‘Together, the paintings demonstrated to an international audience the range of the artist's talent and his debt to the family who modeled for him.’
      • ‘She didn't feel like modeling any more so she pulled the new clothes off and pulled her jeans and T-shirt back on.’
      be a model, model, sit, take up a position, assume an attitude, strike a pose
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Origin

Late 16th century (denoting a set of plans of a building): from French modelle, from Italian modello, from an alteration of Latin modulus (see modulus).

Pronunciation:

model

/ˈmädl/