Definition of mobilize in English:



  • 1(of a country or its government) prepare and organize (troops) for active service.

    ‘the government mobilized regular forces, reservists, and militia’
    no object ‘Russia is in no position to mobilize any time soon’
    • ‘For a brief time in the 1960s it seemed that governments might mobilize for the war on poverty, but enthusiasm did not last.’
    • ‘Up to 19,000 troops had been mobilised by the government to serve as emergency cover during the dispute.’
    • ‘In the last year the Army has mobilized and demobilized, deployed and redeployed more than 350,000 reserve and active component soldiers at Army installations.’
    • ‘Long blasts are to be used to summon the people to assembly, short blasts to mobilize the military troops.’
    • ‘The government mobilised more than 6,000 troops to help with the relief effort.’
    • ‘Just over 8,000 regular troops were mobilised, but largely held in reserve.’
    • ‘The government even mobilized the Catholic Church, appealing to Christian principles, to encourage the exchange.’
    • ‘Published in 1941 in a country mobilizing for war, the book was a commercial flop.’
    • ‘Forces of religion and nationalism can be rapidly mobilized by governments, however unsavory, against even well-intended invaders.’
    • ‘The government has mobilized military units to clear driftwood from dam drains, which could slow drainage of water from reservoirs if another typhoon lashes the country.’
    • ‘It provides all the information necessary to mobilize Army Guard and Army Reserve units.’
    • ‘During the course of the dispute, the government has mobilised 19,000 army, navy and air force troops to provide emergency cover.’
    • ‘For a very long time during the Cold War years, we never mobilized Army Reserve soldiers.’
    • ‘He said that the government should mobilize all of its political and economic resources to solve the region's problems.’
    • ‘This included local military forces that were mobilized during inter-tribal conflicts or foreign threats.’
    • ‘The nation had never mobilized an army to fight overseas, and it lacked naval transport capabilities.’
    • ‘It is clear that the processes to mobilize our Army for war are in dire need of change.’
    • ‘Had allied forces been required, it appears more likely that European regional troops would have been mobilized than units from the United States.’
    • ‘The Liberal government mobilized the Army, Navy, and even our own Air Force.’
    • ‘For example, by 1810-11 the British government had mobilized some 4 to 6 per cent of its male workforce.’
    marshal, deploy, muster, rally, call to arms, call up, summon, assemble, mass, organize, make ready, prepare, ready
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    1. 1.1 Organize and encourage (people) to act in a concerted way in order to bring about a particular political objective.
      ‘he used the press to mobilize support for his party’
      • ‘Religion offered the only idiom through which popular support could be mobilized.’
      • ‘David will be mobilised in support of the task group stationed in the Middle East.’
      • ‘They mobilized in support of their right to brew, which had been severely curtailed by the municipal council.’
      • ‘Here is a country where the middle class mobilises itself, collects Rs.20,000 subscriptions and sets up radio stations.’
      • ‘If you are HIV-positive, join a support group that will mobilise you.’
      • ‘Democracy mobilizes the citizens' support for state-directed projects, and recruits their energy for state-declared problems.’
      • ‘Political parties have set up booths in different districts while party workers have been mobilised to lobby residents to register.’
      • ‘Furthermore, achievements of the Civil Rights movement have inspired immigrants to mobilize around their collective interests and identity.’
      • ‘As young people we are encouraged to mobilise ourselves.’
      • ‘The study says social capital can be mobilised to support investment programmes from the public and private sector.’
      • ‘We need to mobilise ourselves, in a collective manner, that does not rely on the individualising social technologies of personal automobility.’
      • ‘But a group of students have mobilised support for the embattled woman, organising a press conference.’
      • ‘In times of stress, for example, men mobilize less varied social supports than women do.’
      • ‘The press tends to get mobilised, if at all, when the affected workers are local.’
      • ‘You're either persuading people to vote for you or you're organizing and mobilizing those who already support your cause.’
      • ‘You're never going to be able to activate a group of workers or mobilise a group of workers if you're campaigning for something that they don't care about.’
      • ‘At the same time this policy encourages and mobilises the most reactionary, egotistical and anti-social elements.’
      • ‘In the end, it didn't take a lot to mobilise a group of workers who virtually shut down the British economy last week.’
      • ‘Other health professionals, such as dentists, physiotherapists and psychologists could be mobilised to support the promotion of smoking cessation.’
      • ‘Each seeks to mobilize broader support through appeals to popular fears and prejudices.’
      bring into play, bring into service, arouse, generate, induce, cause, resort to, awaken, deploy, waken, excite, incite, provoke, foment, prompt, stimulate, stir up, impel, galvanize, urge, encourage, inspire, whip up
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    2. 1.2 Bring (resources) into use in order to achieve a particular goal.
      ‘at sea we will mobilize any amount of resources to undertake a rescue’
      • ‘It mobilizes all its resources around one new breakthrough product, only to find that the marvel fails to throw off enough cash or gain sufficient market share.’
      • ‘Between 1942 and 1945, the economy grew by an annual average of 7.7 per cent as idle resources were mobilised for military purposes.’
      • ‘There were never sufficient resources mobilized to carry out an investigation.’
      • ‘When that day comes, it is important to mobilise all possible metabolic resources to maximise your reproductive success.’
      • ‘How do you mobilize this most important resource for recovery?’
      • ‘Resources have to be mobilised, recruitment of training staff has to be finalised and training programmes well confirmed in advance.’
      • ‘The only way it can is by mobilising all the resources and channelling them into development.’
      • ‘These leaders have the power to mobilise huge global resources and declare a war on poverty.’
      • ‘He said he believed there were significant resources available in the private sector that could be mobilised to fight the pandemic.’
      • ‘It means a huge amount of capital expenditure is being mobilized for North America and the Gulf of Mexico.’
      • ‘It can also be seen as an attempt to obtain legitimacy for purposes of demonstrating social worthiness and mobilising resources.’
      • ‘Most of the problems that exist in the country today stem from the failure of this administration to effectively and efficiently mobilize that resource.’
      • ‘Perhaps if there is no digital divide, it is necessary to invent one so that resources can be mobilized to bridge it.’
      • ‘Sizable amounts of public and private resources have been mobilized toward this effort.’
      • ‘Its purpose is to mobilise, manage, and disburse additional resources for the control, in the first instance, of HIV infection and AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria’
      • ‘These resources must be mobilized in the interest of ratcheting up educational attainment of entire state populations.’
      • ‘Whatever inner resources people need to mobilize for recovery, they still can not accomplish the task alone.’
      • ‘I ask that my internal resources become mobilised for the purpose of noticing when contact occurs.’
      • ‘More than Rs.25,000 in cash and kind had been mobilised by the members for this purpose.’
      • ‘One would think that this spectre would galvanise the concerned authorities into mobilising all the resources at their disposal.’
  • 2Make (something) movable or capable of movement.

    ‘doing yoga stretches to mobilize compacted joints’
    • ‘These poses also help mobilize your knee joints by correcting the misalignment that occurs if your muscles are too tight.’
    • ‘Patients were mobilized with crutches under the guidance of a physiotherapist in the immediate postoperative period.’
    • ‘Low-risk patients usually do not need prophylaxis if they are quickly mobilized.’
    • ‘The surgeon mobilizes this vein and ligates and divides it, which allows for dissection of the carotid vessels.’
    • ‘But surgery is recommended for most hip fractures to mobilize patients, decrease complications, and speed the return to normal function.’
    • ‘The physiotherapist would gently mobilise the joint associated with manual therapy or massage; it's not a high velocity thrust technique.’
    • ‘These are designed to realign and mobilise the spine, and may result in an audible sound - a clicking similar to knuckles being stretched.’
    • ‘The thyroid cartilage is gently mobilized by manual distraction to either side.’
    • ‘The small bowel was mobilized from the bladder wall, resulting in penetration into the bladder.’
    • ‘Both types of rejection leave memory cells that remain in circulation to mobilize the immune system if the same foreign antigen is reintroduced.’
    • ‘This just allows us to pick you up without mobilising your hip.’
    • ‘The surgeon then uses the ultrasonic scalpel to mobilize the hepatic flexure by dividing the attachments.’
    • ‘Thus, these patients were mobilized faster and had a shorter hospital stay.’
    • ‘He or she further divides the patient's peritoneum along the gallbladder to mobilize it before removing the cystic duct.’
    • ‘Fortunately, the incisional pain has decreased and the patients are mobilized much more easily.’
    • ‘This includes how the body stabilizes itself during activity and she offers a number of stretches to help mobilize the entire body.’
    1. 2.1 Make (a substance) able to be transported by or as a liquid.
      ‘acid rain mobilizes the aluminum in forest soils’
      • ‘The gel is applied topically to mobilize the fatty acids (stored body fat) and improve microcirculation and drainage in the applied area.’
      • ‘Research shows it effectively mobilizes fatty acids from adipose cells, particularly during exercise.’
      • ‘Caffeine also mobilizes fat, so more is burned for fuel.’
      • ‘And we're attempting to identify the components of our diet that mobilize these fatty acids.’
      • ‘Some membrane fatty acids can be mobilized as autacoids (released to affect other cells) and as intracellular messengers.’
      • ‘As acidic water percolates through mineral soils, Aluminum is mobilized and transported into streams and lakes.’
      • ‘The deluges of rain upon the volcano slopes, which may be augmented by melting ice, help to mobilize ash and debris flows (lahars).’
      • ‘Airborne pollutants from copper smelters or acidic rain that mobilizes naturally-occurring metals near streams may have resulted in toxic levels of cadmium.’
      • ‘Cholesterol is mobilized from peripheral tissues into the circulation by HDL and delivered to the liver, where it is metabolized.’
      • ‘In response to energy demands, the fatty acids of stored triacylglycerols can be mobilized for use by peripheral tissues.’
      • ‘For example, he says, testosterone may cause stored deposits to be mobilized into the blood or may increase the absorption of carotenoids from food.’
      • ‘The membranes of plant cells constitute a valuable store of lipid which can be mobilized to provide energy for the senescence process.’
      • ‘The extract also mobilizes fatty acids from adipose cells, which increases the amount of fat the body burns as fuel, particularly during exercise.’
      • ‘All these proteins act as amino acid reserves which are mobilized to nourish the seedling.’
      • ‘Because cortisol mobilizes amino acids, it is effective in helping to repair damaged tissue.’
      • ‘The substance mobilises fluid like a diuretic.’
      • ‘We know also that a primitive marrow stem cell, or blood vessel wall cells mobilised from marrow, are able to repair heart muscle after damage from infarction.’


Mid 19th century: from French mobiliser, from mobile (see mobile).