One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A person who advocates or practices minimalism in art or music.
- ‘Off ice, he listens to mostly classical music from the minimalists like Philipp Glass and Steve Reich to the romantics of Tchaikovsky.’
- ‘Although his latter-day works have been compared to those of Arvo Part and Henryk Gorecki, both best-selling minimalists, Tavener's music is different because of its immediate sweet-sounding appeal.’
- ‘In its place shades of geometric minimalists, such as Josef Albers, were summoned.’
- ‘He might even start to look like a serial modernist, or a kind of expressionistic minimalist.’
- ‘In other words, Matta-Clark accomplishes with architecture an operation analogous to what the minimalists and the process artists accomplish with sculpture when they deprive it of its anthropomorphic and immortal aspects.’
2A person advocating minor or moderate reform in politics.
- ‘The minimalists claim that economic growth occurs when prices are right, a condition best achieved with little state action, for which they offer British and U.S. growth as proof.’
- ‘As the referendum approached, longstanding splits between the minimalists and maximalists within the republican movement became significant.’
- ‘Rather than expanding our understanding of national phyches, the shows tend to confirm commonly held stereotypes - of Swedes as rampantly egalitarian minimalists, for example.’
- ‘Now, if libertarian minimalists do the latter, they would be taking issue with my policy views, not adopting them.’
- ‘Libertarian minimalists must take the extra step to fashion a doctrine that debunks realism and supports their own foreign policy outlook.’
1Relating to minimalism in art or music.
- ‘In recent times, even minimalist composer Philip Glass tried his hand at the genre.’
- ‘The beats on Revolutionary Vol.2 might seem a little minimalist to some, but Immortal is that caliber of emcee who needs no distractions when he's on the mic to make his words felt.’
- ‘Bang on a Can often features, among other modern works, minimalist pieces by composers such as Steve Reich, Philip Glass, and the relatively young Mr Lang.’
- ‘In the 1980s and 1990s, Torke's music was a synthesis of aggressive neo-classicism and minimalist influences, firmly rooted in tonality.’
- ‘The revolving structure of the melody brings to mind minimalist composers Steve Reich and Philip Glass in its apparent simplicity, but subtle complexity.’
2Advocating moderate political policies.
- ‘During the postwar period, neoliberals have generally portrayed ‘free market’ countries as adhering to minimalist conceptions of the state.’
- ‘Liberal thought depends on the strength of this protective function to justify its advocacy of the minimalist state.’
- ‘The two formulae are only indicative of the maximalist and minimalist position.’
- ‘The embedded liberalism of the early post War decades gave way to the unadulterated neo-classical economic policies which favoured a minimalist state and an enhanced role for the market.’
- ‘I was a bit surprised to hear New Zealand First's Brian Donnelly say that the Government had behaved in a minimalist way in terms of the board.’
- ‘A no vote in France would also put pressure on Mr Blair to find acceptable minimalist reforms or see the EU evolve into a diffuse multi-speed bloc.’
- ‘It flows from the principle of autonomy and the minimalist notion of welfare already developed in Chapter 2 above.’
- ‘They are people such as Anthony, a recent graduate from a British university, who is horrified that even the minimalist Kyoto agreement has been rejected by the world's biggest polluter, the United States.’
- ‘The survival of civil society - of even a minimalist welfare state cannot be guaranteed if the state loses its capacity to collect tax.’
- ‘This too is consistent with Poole's other writings, which advocate focused and even minimalist employment of firepower - both from a moral and a practical standpoint.’
- ‘While the Court is clearly very reluctant to refuse EC law recognition to a principle which is important in a number of Member States, it has never expressly endorsed either a maximalist or a minimalist approach.’
- ‘Appalled by judicial activism, he advocated a classical, minimalist role for the court after the tumult of the 1960s.’
- ‘That statement was minimalist enough not to unduly anger ordinary Germans but was accepted and transformed by Israel to serve its own domestic and international political purposes.’
- ‘All they had done, in reality, was to fight over the principle of republicanism and then endorse the minimalist head of state selection model from the Republic Advisory Committee Report.’
- ‘Hyperglobalizers insist that the minimalist political order of the future will be determined by regional economies linked together in an almost seamless global web of production and exchange.’
- ‘Accounts of European social policy generally still present a minimalist interpretation of EU involvement.’
- ‘Even with a minimalist interpretation of democracy, the democratic concept of sovereignty would make a huge difference to the way we conduct world affairs.’
- ‘My concern is that the Government did not take the opportunity to make some other changes to the bill at the time, and only took a very minimalist approach when it looked at making alterations.’
- ‘I previously blogged on the Right Coast about the minimalist conception of federalism that appeared to animate Justice O'Connor's vote in that case.’
- ‘The libertarian view is minimalist in its approach to criminalization: a person should be free to act in any way he/she chooses, unless his or her behavior victimizes others.’
Early 20th century: first used with reference to the Russian Mensheviks. Usage in art and music dates from the 1960s.
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