Definition of mineral in US English:

mineral

noun

  • 1A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.

    • ‘The solids used include natural clays and minerals, metal oxides and sulfides, metal salts, and mixed metal oxides.’
    • ‘Many of the particles contain iron- and nickel-rich oxide and sulfide minerals, as well as small grains of silicates, says Basu.’
    • ‘Loss on ignition values up to 5% correspond to the abundance of hydrous and carbonate alteration minerals in the samples.’
    • ‘A quantitative description of the substitution chemistry of minerals and salts, requires a more precise definition of the term solubility.’
    • ‘The silica and other minerals in the clay vitrify under heat and will not become soft clay again.’
    • ‘A common mineral can remove carbon dioxide from combustion gases, but in its natural state, it is glacially slow.’
    • ‘These groups are the silicate minerals, carbonate minerals, oxides, sulfides, and halides.’
    • ‘A second element, tantalum, is always present in these minerals along with niobium.’
    • ‘These are all derived from carbon compounds rather than from inorganic minerals.’
    • ‘Like all plant materials, tobacco contains minerals and other inorganic constituents.’
    • ‘And the black smoker chimneys here, unlike most others in the world, are not built of sulfide minerals but of barium sulfate, aka barite.’
    • ‘It occurs in all kinds of minerals, such as oxides, carbonates, nitrates, sulfates, and phosphates.’
    • ‘Inorganic compounds, which include water and many minerals, usually contain elements other than carbon.’
    • ‘A number of other minerals, including silica, may play a role, but some of the most spectacular fossils are preserved in pyrite.’
    • ‘As for the rest of the moon, the data shows frozen carbon dioxide, water ice, hydrocarbons and iron minerals all present on the surface.’
    • ‘The most common of these are iron sulfides, but all heavy metals can occur as sulfide minerals.’
    • ‘The ocean surrounding Australia is home to several species of sea urchins, which form elaborate exoskeletons made from carbonate minerals.’
    • ‘Sulfates are a combination of sulfur and oxygen and are a part of naturally occurring minerals in some soil and rock formations that contain groundwater.’
    • ‘Kidney stones are formed when the concentration of minerals and substances like calcium oxalate, phosphate, oxalic acid and uric acid are too high in the urine.’
    • ‘The term asbestos is used for several hydrated silicate minerals that occur in fibrous forms.’
    1. 1.1 A substance obtained by mining.
      • ‘The rampant illegal mining and smuggling of minerals out of the country was due to lack of relevant education and sensitisation to the local entrepreneurs.’
      • ‘A third option is mining; there are many areas in space where you can obtain minerals, scrap and precious metals, even diamonds.’
      • ‘The mining revolution was even more visible, as rich deposits of gold and other minerals, such as diamonds, copper, and tin, were found, often dramatically, on distant frontiers.’
      • ‘It is a gangue mineral in ores from the Star, Hobo, and Princess mines at Central, Grant County.’
      • ‘We are concerned with the overall environment that exists in New Zealand in relation to the mining of Crown minerals.’
      • ‘He said investing in down stream processing of gemstones and other minerals would enhance exports and create employment.’
      • ‘When they crossed the Great Divide it was to exploit the grasslands of the interior for pasture and, later, to extract the minerals, especially gold, which lay mainly in its foothills.’
      • ‘There are none who hold interests in the gold and the only ones who might hold interests in the other sub-surface minerals are people who obtained grants prior to 1899.’
      • ‘In Dublin last night was Arthur Knox, chairman of the Durban Insizwa Mining Company with sole rights to the mining of the mineral in South Africa.’
      • ‘In mine development most gangue minerals end up on the waste pile.’
      • ‘Three blue-chip companies have also taken a gamble and invested in a total of over eight million acres in the hope of mining platinum and other minerals at some future date.’
      • ‘From the mining industry they borrowed a method of extracting minerals from rock and applied it to separating different grades of plastics.’
      • ‘Other products and services include light manufacturing, food processing, textiles, and mining of nonmetallic minerals.’
      • ‘It was imperative for minerals to be reliably exported and mining and transport machinery brought safely in, as well as food and goods for a burgeoning gold rush population.’
      • ‘There are also possibilities of collaboration in mining of minerals, setting up of auto and tractor assembly plants and wildlife parks.’
      • ‘Traditional types of employment are farming, mining coal and other minerals, and industrial jobs.’
      • ‘Would that lead to greater exports of strategic minerals or oil?’
      • ‘He made an agreement allowing the company to earn up to 35 percent compensation for the export of minerals that did not exist.’
      • ‘Most of the mining for minerals has ceased and the Golden Bay Cement Company at Tarakohe on the east side of Golden Bay closed in 1988.’
      • ‘The country is also blessed with plenty of precious minerals such as diamonds, gold, emeralds, amethyst which are all waiting to be exploited.’
    2. 1.2 An inorganic substance needed by the human body for good health.
      • ‘Conference pears are a great source of minerals, and contain iodine, useful for thyroid function.’
      • ‘When carefully produced, molasses retain most of the sugar cane's nutritional elements: minerals, iron, magnesium and calcium.’
      • ‘A more likely source of minerals other than drinking water is provided by the food we eat, in which plants and animals have already accumulated what is necessary.’
      • ‘Bodybuilders who eat refined-carbohydrate low-calorie diets may need extra minerals, especially zinc.’
      • ‘Green, leafy vegetables are especially high in minerals and fiber, so should be eaten often.’
      • ‘There are plenty of essential foods and minerals that help alleviate the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder says Dr John Briffa’
      • ‘It also provides digestive enzymes, minerals, vitamins and hormones that all infants require.’
      • ‘What is important is to ensure that you get the protein, vitamins and minerals necessary to build another human being.’
      • ‘It seems good food to me, with protein, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins in bread, meat, onion and lettuce, tomatoes, olives, mushrooms and milk.’
      • ‘Lack of minerals can cause deficiency diseases.’
      • ‘While the cookie is rich in proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and essential vitamins they have been priced at Rs.35 for a 250 gm pack.’
      • ‘The amount of potassium lost in sweat is not especially high, and this mineral is easily obtained in your diet from fruits and vegetables, and dairy products.’
      • ‘Eat foods that provide all the requirements of nutrients, everyday vitamins, proteins, minerals, carbohydrates and fats.’
      • ‘I have heard it said that balsamic vinegar contains potentially beneficial minerals such as calcium, magnesium and potassium.’
      • ‘It's packed with antibodies, growth hormones, vitamins, minerals, enzymes and amino acids - and clearly far too good to leave to newborn babies.’
      • ‘On the whole, consumers in continental Europe like mineral water because of what's in it - the health-giving qualities of the minerals.’
      • ‘Sesame seeds are rich in disease-protective antioxidant substances and also contain health-giving minerals including magnesium and potassium.’
      • ‘Nutrients are vitamins and minerals that regulate the body's chemical processes and functions and help to keep you fit and healthy.’
      • ‘There are Omega 3s galore, fish for brain food, selenium and lesser known minerals to startle a recumbent form into activity.’
      • ‘Plus, your humble cup of tea is also high in some vital minerals.’
  • 2mineralsBritish (in commercial use) effervescent soft drinks.

    • ‘It enticed customers with finger food, beer, wine and minerals until 8pm last week at its offices on Temple Road in Blackrock.’
    • ‘There is very little wastage on bottled beers, spirits and minerals.’
    • ‘Afterwards tea and minerals were on hand at the Heritage Centre for the workers.’
    • ‘He said if prices on soft drinks and minerals were high, a lot of it was to do with Government VAT which was the same for both soft drinks and alcoholic beverages.’
    • ‘It consisted of an excellent party with the most scrumptious food, fruit and minerals, tea and all sorts of goodies served.’
    • ‘Mr Appel said Zambia was having problems accessing foreign markets because of so many trade barriers including falling prices of commodities like coffee and minerals.’
    • ‘Without advising her of the video evidence, a security officer pressed the worker on whether she had drank any minerals in the storeroom.’
    • ‘There were also minerals and crisps, tea, sandwiches and buns, prepared by the parents.’
    • ‘Hot drinks, minerals, toasted sandwiches, snacks and confectionery are all available in the shop area at Mavericks.’
    • ‘‘We weren't allowed to serve alcohol so it was all minerals and tea,’ says Brendan.’

adjective

  • Of or denoting a mineral.

    ‘mineral ingredients such as zinc oxide’
    • ‘2003 has been a good year for base metal values, welcome news for Australia's mineral producers after three years of weak demand and soft prices.’
    • ‘And so, again, you have buyers of this mineral wealth.’
    • ‘I used to be a mining engineer, and, to be more precise, would produce maps that estimate where mineral deposits would intersect the surface.’
    • ‘The country's lack of mineral resources, weak colonial institutions and early cultivation of coffee allowed stable democratic foundations to form.’
    • ‘It has 22 mineral springs with a total exploitation flow of about 2800 litres a minute and a temperature of 37-52°C.’
    • ‘The sites have been found thanks to the Falcon gravity survey conducted earlier this year-the first time gravity technology has been used to find mineral deposits in the Broken Hill area.’
    • ‘This is bathing as entertainment; the bathing area is lavishly decorated and contains numerous pools featuring water of various temperatures and mineral content.’
    • ‘He was accused in a report of plundering the Democratic Republic of the Congo's mineral resources, while the Ugandan army was involved in the five-year Congolese war.’
    • ‘It has not worked; mineral exploration activity has dropped by 82% since 1990.’
    • ‘Bathing in the Dead Sea, which has a beneficial high mineral content, is one exotic alternative.’
    • ‘Congolese are quick to point out that despite those two invasions, Rwandan forces never succeeded in disarming the rebels and insist that Rwanda is only after Congo's mineral wealth.’
    • ‘On Oct.22, 1984, Greenpeace activists first used the ship to protest oil and mineral exploitation in the Antarctica.’
    • ‘It delineates formulas for medicines and identifies the plant, animal, and mineral ingredients needed to concoct them.’
    • ‘Within the next 10-15 years mineral extractions, agriculture as we know it and associated business support services will be almost irrelevant.’
    • ‘A report from Zimbabwe's Chamber of Mines says the country's foreign currency shortages will continue due to decreasing mineral production.’
    • ‘Government officials estimate companies are currently spending more than $75 million on mineral exploration in Nunavut.’
    • ‘Another point Bailey makes is that the world isn't running out of ‘non-renewable’ fuels or mineral resources.’
    • ‘It has drawn up a program of economic reconstruction of the region to be driven by the development of rich energy and mineral resources and the building of a rail transport corridor from Eastern Asia to Europe.’
    • ‘Today's products use ingredients such as soybean oil and colloidal mineral complexes that help to keep the creatine stable for up to 12 months.’
    • ‘While the three of them were in Mexico, Young attempted to sell used rolling stock there, while Murchison attempted to buy mineral rights to offshore properties.’
    lifeless, insentient, insensate, without life, inert, motionless
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from medieval Latin minerale, neuter (used as a noun) of mineralis, from minera ‘ore’.

Pronunciation

mineral

/ˈmin(ə)rəl//ˈmɪn(ə)rəl/