Definition of methionine in English:

methionine

noun

Biochemistry
  • A sulfur-containing amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.

    • ‘Homocysteine is an intermediary metabolite of essential dietary amino acid methionine.’
    • ‘Contents of glutamine, asparagine, methionine, and tryptophan in the tissues were not determined by this method.’
    • ‘They fix nitrogen and so contain high quality protein, including the essential amino acids methionine and cystine.’
    • ‘The oxidation sites of alpha-crystallin are considered to be methionine, cysteine and tryptophan amino acid residues.’
    • ‘For example, eggs are high in alanine and methionine; whey protein is high in tryptophan and threonine.’

Origin

1920s: from methyl + Greek theion ‘sulfur’.

Pronunciation

methionine

/məˈθaɪəˌnin//məˈTHīəˌnēn/