One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.
malignant growth, cancerous growth, malignant tumour, tumour, malignancyView synonyms
- ‘Preoperatively, radiation is delivered to decrease the risk of local recurrence, prevent the development of distant metastasis and reduce tumor size to permit sphincter-preserving surgery.’
- ‘A malignant neoplasm in the neck can arise as a primary tumor or as metastasis from the upper aerodigestive tract or a distant site.’
- ‘Breast tumors may also be the result of metastasis from primary prostate cancer.’
- ‘Patients with a diagnosis of granular cell tumor should have a complete physical examination to exclude other primary tumors or metastasis from an aggressive malignant tumor.’
- ‘Six years later, a fine-needle aspirate of a cervical vertebra showed malignant cells consistent with metastasis from a primary lung carcinoma.’
- 1.1 A metastatic growth.
- ‘The purpose of this study was to investigate in detail the pathologic aspects of thyroid cancers with bone metastasis and to compare these with various clinical parameters.’
- ‘The liver is one of the most common sites for metastases from carcinoma.’
- ‘The case of Paget disease with ductal carcinoma in situ had no nodal metastases.’
- ‘Sixteen cervical lymph nodes with metastasis of oral cancer and 20 benign lymph nodes were studied.’
- ‘In contrast, liver metastases are much more common.’
- ‘However, only in 3 of these cases was the morphologic appearance in the metastasis so well differentiated as to be considered benign if taken out of context.’
- ‘This eliminates perverse growth, anticipating the metastasis that is seeking to re-enter the system.’
- ‘We report a case in which cutaneous metastases from a melanoma imitated herpes zoster.’
- ‘Ocular melanoma metastatic to other sites generally occurs in association with liver metastases.’
- ‘One must exclude metastases from carcinoids of more typical sites of origin.’
- ‘Most centres in the United Kingdom recommend computed tomography of the chest to pick up synchronous early lung tumours or metastases.’
- ‘GTP inhibited the levels of urokinase plasminogen activator as well as matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9, cellular molecules linked to the metastasis.’
- ‘These tumors tend to have lymph node metastases as seen in papillary carcinoma rather than hematogenous spread.’
- ‘These findings were thought to be consistent with carcinoid tumor with metastases to the liver.’
- ‘With the exception of liver metastases of colorectal cancer, tumour deposits are almost always multiple and seldom amenable to resection.’
- ‘Liver metastases frequently present with multiple hepatic lesions on diagnosis.’
- ‘Interestingly, contrast enhanced computed tomography identified liver metastases in only three of the 17 patients.’
- ‘Oxaliplatin will be given only to patients who have liver metastases that may be shrunk to operable size.’
- ‘Five cases represented metastases from cutaneous squamous carcinomas.’
- ‘Patients with certain rare tumours, such as liver metastases from neuroendocrine disease and sarcomas, can do well for several years.’
- ‘Lung metastases in the absence of liver metastases are usually explained by this mechanism.’
- ‘It is essential to confirm the diagnosis and determine whether cervical lymph nodes are involved or there are other primary tumours or metastases.’
- ‘Brain metastases occasionally produce psychological symptoms before metastatic disease is discovered.’
- ‘Computed tomography of the abdomen and lung immediately before her death showed liver and lung metastases.’
- ‘Laparoscopy is used to examine the parietal peritoneum, liver, and other metastases of the viscera.’
Late 16th century (as a rhetorical term, meaning ‘rapid transition from one point to another’): from Greek, literally ‘removal or change’, from methistanai ‘to change’.
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