Definition of metallurgy in US English:



  • The branch of science and technology concerned with the properties of metals and their production and purification.

    • ‘By the mid-nineteenth century, advances in physics, chemistry, metallurgy, and ballistics were influencing the manufacture of weapons.’
    • ‘He earned a doctorate in metallurgy and material sciences from the University of Pennsylvania and a bachelor's degree in metallurgy engineering and material science from the University of Notre Dame.’
    • ‘His descriptions of assaying, smelting procedures, refining, production of glass and other processes in metallurgy and geological chemistry were used for over two centuries.’
    • ‘The formulation of electrode coatings is very complex and while it is not an exact science it is based on well-established principles of metallurgy, chemistry, and physics, tempered with experience.’
    • ‘Like brazing and other joining processes, soldering involves several fields of science, including mechanics, chemistry and metallurgy.’
    • ‘The leading industries are steel, machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aeronautics, electronics, mining, and textiles.’
    • ‘Major export categories include chemical and petroleum products, machinery, electronics, mining and metallurgy, textiles and clothing, and processed food, beverages, and tobacco.’
    • ‘Heavy industry was favoured against light industry, with engineering, metallurgy, energy (electricity/oil) and chemicals absorbing the lion's share of the funds.’
    • ‘When did iron metallurgy and production spread over China?’
    • ‘Some schools in the early 19th century had wide curricula, including geography, physics, metallurgy and European languages.’
    • ‘The bursary scheme initially started in 1979 with six beneficiaries in the fields of engineering, medicine, metallurgy, mining and human resources.’
    • ‘‘In fact, it is the precision tooling, metallurgy and technology that goes into making a good gun that interests us rather than the destructive power of the weapon,’ says an enthusiast.’
    • ‘These days they are important catalysts, particularly in the petroleum industry, they are used to colour glass, and are employed in metallurgy to give special properties to alloys.’
    • ‘I got a degree in industrial technology with specialties in metallurgy and power mechanization.’
    • ‘Specializing in precision metalworking, he was in a position to render the fledgling gunmaker expert advice on metallurgy and production efficiency.’
    • ‘They serve as an important contemporary counterpoint to the cases below that are devoted to Africa's long history of agriculture, metallurgy, and ceramic production.’
    • ‘The forum featured about 30 German companies operating mainly in the production of equipment for viticulture and wine making, in electronics, metallurgy and tourism.’
    • ‘This maritime revolution of steam and steel rested on the wider base of rapid improvements in metallurgy, precision engineering, and mechanical design that were part of the industrial revolution.’
    • ‘Gutenberg's was a technological invention, drawing on advances in metallurgy, enabling the production of individual letters cut first into a punch and then cast in metal from a matrix in a mould.’
    • ‘The same improvements in lenses, chemistry and metallurgy that made the artillery of World War One possible also provided for a new generation of lightweight cameras, starting in 1897 with the Pocket Kodak.’


Early 18th century: from Greek metallon ‘metal’ + -ourgia ‘working’.