Definition of metabolize in English:

metabolize

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 (of a body or organ) process (a substance) by metabolism.

    • ‘The rate at which their livers metabolize a drug and at which their kidneys eliminate it are different.’
    • ‘Besides beneficial fiber, foods rich in complex carbs contain vitamins and minerals, which help your body digest, absorb, and metabolize protein, fat, and carbohydrates.’
    • ‘If protein is provided continually, the extra protein and amino acids are metabolized by the body, requiring more energy.’
    • ‘If we swim hard or work under water, we breathe more, because our bodies metabolise food and oxygen to produce energy.’
    • ‘Researchers looking for the potential biochemical basis for this link have focused on acetaldehyde, a suspected carcinogen formed as the body metabolizes alcohol.’
    • ‘How long it takes for the body to metabolize each drink?’
    • ‘If you follow this meal pattern, your digestion is generally never taxed beyond its capacity, and your body efficiently metabolizes the food you eat.’
    • ‘Keep fit - fitter bodies metabolise alcohol more easily.’
    • ‘When the body metabolizes glucose, energy to fuel essential body functions is produced.’
    • ‘These alkaloids are produced when our bodies metabolise beer, wine or spirits, and have been found in chocolate at concentrations of as high as 7 micrograms per gram.’
    • ‘Because of my metabolic problems, my body doesn't metabolize the food correctly.’
    • ‘Water suppresses the appetite and helps the body metabolize stored fat.’
    • ‘These proteins determine, among other things, how the organism looks, how well its body metabolizes food or fights infection and sometimes even how it behaves.’
    • ‘Ceasing caffeine consumption five to six hours prior to sleeping, thus allowing more time for the body to metabolize the caffeine, will lessen these side-effects.’
    • ‘Two scientists at Vrije University in Amsterdam said components in coffee seem to help the body metabolize sugar, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes, which affects 130 million people worldwide.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, as the liver metabolises alcohol it produces acetaldehyde, a vinegar-like substance which has a toxic effects on the liver itself, the brain and the stomach lining, causing severe headaches.’
    • ‘The rate at which the liver metabolizes these herbs and drugs determines the length of time these herbs or drugs stay active in the body.’
    • ‘Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose).’
    • ‘While sleep deprivation can have varying effects on your health, it can definitely hamper the way your body metabolizes certain foods and your preparation for athletic performance.’
    • ‘He says doctors have told him his body metabolises oxygen at an unusually high rate.’
    1. 1.1[no object] (of a substance) undergo processing by metabolism.
      ‘the refined foods soon metabolize’
      • ‘Even if intrathecal ketamine is quickly absorbed and metabolized, the 5 min interval before the formalin injection was chosen to obtain the peak effect of analgesia during phase 1.’
      • ‘They do not metabolize or they metabolize very slowly; they accumulate from dietary sources over time.’
      • ‘Topiramate is weakly bound to proteins and not extensively metabolized.’
      • ‘These results suggest that there are differences in the way that thimerosal and methyl mercury are distributed, metabolized, and excreted.’
      • ‘PCBs are readily absorbed into the body but are only slowly metabolized and excreted.’
      • ‘But the fat's unnatural shape doesn't fit into receptors in our enzymes and membrane structures; so they aren't efficiently metabolized.’
      • ‘Whenever a bacillus starts to metabolize, it is killed by any drug that is active; priority between drugs is then determined by the speed with which bactericidal activity starts.’
      • ‘It is a proprietary formulation that binds natural grain dextrins to fruit juice so it metabolizes steadily.;’
      • ‘Arachidonic acid is an omega - 6 fatty acid contained in animal products that, when metabolized, produces potent inflammatory leukotrienes.’
      • ‘Medications are biotransformed, or metabolized, before they can be eliminated from the body.’
      • ‘Maprotiline is almost completely metabolized and about 60% of these metabolites appear in the urine.’
      • ‘They can produce lactate, which neurons can metabolize.’
      • ‘Oral L-arginine, however, is absorbed and metabolized quickly; the half-life of L-arginine in human circulating plasma is less than one hour.’
      • ‘Each drug alone has its own potential for side effects, especially in the elderly and the chronically ill who don't metabolize well.’
      • ‘Damage caused when oxygen metabolizes can lead to a variety of problems in your body, from cancer the effects of aging.’
      • ‘The less you eat, the less you metabolize, the fewer reactive oxygen species you generate, and the less damage you do to your cellular machinery.’
      • ‘The late sampling time is to detect compounds which require time to be absorbed, distributed and metabolized.’
      • ‘The liver is the place where most drugs metabolise.’
      • ‘Most medications are biotransformed or metabolized before they are excreted.’
      • ‘Also, there is no requirement that a ‘drug’ must depend on chemical action or on being metabolized.’

Pronunciation:

metabolize

/məˈtabəˌlīz/