Definition of Mescalero in US English:



  • 1A member of an Apache people of New Mexico.

    • ‘Before colonization the Mescalero lived in what are now south-central New Mexico, the Davis Mountains of Texas, and the Mexican state of Chihuahua.’
    • ‘The Mescaleros, like the Jicarilla, are an Eastern Apache tribe, with many cultural influences from the Southern Great Plains.’
    • ‘Once the Mescaleros arrived at the reservation, Kit Carson reluctantly rounded up the Navahos under orders from General Carleton.’
    • ‘In 1862, there were fewer than a thousand Mescaleros living in scattered bands between the Rio Grande and the Pecos.’
  • 2The Athabaskan language of the Mescalero.

    • ‘The Southwestern Athapaskan language, sometimes called Apachean, has seven dialects: Navajo, Western Apache, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, Lipan, and Kiowa-Apache.’


  • Relating to the Mescalero or their language.

    • ‘Other campgrounds are maintained by the Mescalero Apache, the San Carlos Apache, and the White Mountain Apache.’
    • ‘A Mescalero Apache Indian, Antoinette performed in three of Smith's productions in 1969 and 1970.’
    • ‘In 1863-1864, under Colonel Christopher ‘Kit ‘Carson, the troops rounded up Mescalero Apaches and Navajos and confined them on a bleak reservation far from their homelands.’’
    • ‘Now we have a memorial that is a fitting tribute to the enduring suffering of the Navajo from 1863 to 1868, and to the Mescalero Apache who shared their plight.’
    • ‘Antonio's maternal grandfather, a Mescalero Apache, had a major influence on him.’


Spanish, literally ‘people of the mescal’, with reference to their traditional use of the mescal plant as part of their staple diet.