One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Of or in the south; southern.‘the meridional leg of the journey’
southern, southerly, southwardly, antarctic, polarView synonyms
- ‘The presence of ice sheets, together with the development of sea ice in the polar oceans, also resulted in an increase in meridional (north - south) temperature gradients.’
- ‘Most European pre-Quaternary localities are positioned in a restricted latitudinal band, requiring dense and well-dated temporal and spatial records for meridional patterns to be detected.’
- 1.1 Relating to or characteristic of the inhabitants of southern Europe, especially the South of France.‘she was meridional in temperament’
- ‘However, the zweite Frühstück (second breakfast) eaten in various German-speaking regions is an important northerly counterpart of this meridional institution.’
2Relating to a meridian.‘the meridional line of demarcation’
- ‘In the pre-equatorial zone, cells were densely packed, whereas in the equatorial zone, the cells were arranged in the form of distinct meridional rows.’
- ‘Between the regions contacting leaf primordia, the peripheral zone cells are curved predominantly in the meridional direction.’
- ‘The axial intensity distribution was calculated by integrating the region from 0.013 nm - 1 on either side of the meridional axis of the x-ray pattern.’
- ‘Both regions are muscular, covered with a dense sheet of radial muscles and rings of circular and meridional muscles.’
- ‘The meridional and circular muscles antagonize the radial muscles.’
- 2.1Meteorology (of winds and air flow) aligned with lines of longitude.
- ‘The vigor of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation is thought to be vulnerable to global warming.’
- ‘This juxtaposition of high-pressure and low-pressure systems in similar latitudes causes much more meridional airflow than is normally experienced in similar latitudes in the southern hemisphere.’
- ‘The first, known as the meridional flow pattern, circulates between the sun's equator and its poles over a period of 17 to 22 years and acts like a conveyor belt of sunspots.’
- ‘The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation carries warm upper waters into far-northern latitudes and returns cold deep waters southward across the Equator.’
- ‘The timing of deglaciation shows a close correspondence to increased meridional overturning of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation and attendant warming of the North Atlantic Ocean immediately after the last glacial maximum.’
A native or inhabitant of the south, especially the south of France.
Late Middle English: via Old French from late Latin meridionalis, formed irregularly from Latin meridies ‘midday, south’.
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