Definition of medium in English:



  • 1An agency or means of doing something.

    ‘using the latest technology as a medium for job creation’
    ‘their primitive valuables acted as a medium of exchange’
    • ‘We could get more things done, since television would not be a medium of entertainment but rather of information alone.’
    • ‘A common answer is ‘anything that can be used as a medium of exchange’.’
    • ‘It was a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals without regard of geographic location, she said.’
    • ‘As we built it, the library became a medium for us to design our own structure of how subjects and ideas flow.’
    • ‘We are simply providing a medium for people to tell us their experiences in confidence and presenting them to the public who can then make up their own minds.’
    • ‘Others do not, saying that they are not bookmakers, but a medium for bets between consenting adults.’
    • ‘The meetings provide a medium for local councillors to raise the issues of their electorate on a more intimate basis with Council officials.’
    • ‘Given a medium of exchange, people can trade even if their wants and needs don't directly coincide.’
    • ‘No asset since gold in the 19th century enjoys such broad acceptance as both a medium of exchange and a store of value as the dollar.’
    • ‘Which means, theatre is not just a medium for entertainment, but a reaction to the intense and complex realities around us.’
    • ‘To use TV as a medium of education will yield rich dividends.’
    • ‘The internet ‘should be a medium for unbridled self-expression’, not an amplifier of fears.’
    • ‘Later, increasing numbers of literati acknowledged the folding fan as a medium for showing off their expertise in writing and painting.’
    • ‘Chatrooms have always been popular on the internet as they provide a medium for people with similar interests to meet and discuss their opinions.’
    • ‘Mostly, it was a medium for the well-off to talk among themselves.’
    • ‘Accordingly, money is brought forth into society to be used as a medium of exchange to facilitate the trade of goods of all kinds.’
    • ‘The idea of using newspapers as a medium of education goes back to the 18th century.’
    • ‘The company began as a medium for senior dancers to perform.’
    • ‘He then shifts to the use of gold in Greece, Rome, and Byzantium, initially as adornment but later as a medium of exchange.’
    means of communication, means of expression, mode of expression, means, method, way, form, agency, channel, forum
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    1. 1.1A means by which something is communicated or expressed.
      ‘here the Welsh language is the medium of instruction’
      • ‘It is a powerful communicative medium; a language which uses the mind and body to relate varied experiences.’
      • ‘It provides education for children using the Maori language as the medium of instruction.’
      • ‘English is the administrative language and the medium of instruction in schools.’
      • ‘Blogging is the medium that lets us communicate with like-minded people.’
      • ‘Languages were flawless and they were just mediums of interaction and communication, he added.’
      • ‘I shall use the same medium of communication as I believe that the information I give will reach the wider public.’
      • ‘It seems mobile phone is the medium of choice for communication for modern Japanese.’
      • ‘Thai is the national language and the medium for education and mass communication.’
      • ‘Secondly, the Commission recommends Mother Tongue as the medium of instruction for elementary education.’
      • ‘The Internet has become a global medium for instant communication and quick access to information.’
      • ‘Our newest medium of camp marketing communications probably sports the most flagrant offenses.’
      • ‘Today, it seems that through the various medium of communications every heartbeat is shared by the world.’
      • ‘Since music is a mysterious international language, it can be the medium of communication in its special way with patients.’
      • ‘In Malaysia, on the other hand, Malay is the national and the official language and the main medium of instruction.’
      • ‘The problem, though, is not with the words, but with the medium of communication, with situation and circumstance.’
      • ‘Simply put, mobile communications is the new medium for the future.’
      • ‘True communication can only occur between people with equal access to the medium in which the communication is taking place.’
      • ‘The mediums of communications have themselves changed.’
      • ‘Blogs are just a new medium for communication and the three rules apply.’
      • ‘English is the official language and the main medium of instruction from preschool to tertiary levels of education.’
      means of communication, means of expression, mode of expression, means, method, way, form, agency, channel, forum
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  • 2The intervening substance through which impressions are conveyed to the senses or a force acts on objects at a distance.

    ‘radio communication needs no physical medium between the two stations’
    ‘the medium between the cylinders is a vacuum’
    • ‘Moving in a fluid is complicated by the fact that forces applied to the medium cause it to move.’
    • ‘There was no medium or physical means to push and pull the planets and other objects around.’
    • ‘Air, the lubricating medium, is forced into a reservoir surrounding the bearing.’
    • ‘Second, the gene provides the physical medium for sharing genetic information from generation to generation.’
    1. 2.1The substance in which an organism lives or is cultured.
      ‘grow bacteria in a nutrient-rich medium’
      • ‘The world ocean is what laboratory scientists would call a culture medium, the largest petri dish known to mankind.’
      • ‘This occurs when colonic bacteria accumulate above the obstructing lesion and flourish in a nutrient medium.’
      • ‘The culture medium was changed after 24 h and from then on three times a day.’
      • ‘The objective of this study was to develop a suitable medium to improve in vitro pollen germination in pigeonpea.’
      • ‘Eggs were collected during 8 h periods in cultured bottles containing standard medium.’
      • ‘Typically, by the end of batch culture nutrients in the medium would be considerably depleted.’
      • ‘Organic matter plays an important complementary role, especially on very sandy soils where it is practically the only medium for nutrient and water storage.’
      • ‘Addition of Chinese medicines into the culture medium will significantly affect bone cell metabolism.’
      • ‘In plant cell culture, the addition of exogenous sugar to the culture medium is an absolute necessity for nearly all tissues.’
      • ‘This would also increase the sloughing off of cell wall surface polymers in the culture medium.’
      • ‘The basal cut surface was left in the nutrient medium.’
      • ‘The culture medium in the glass containers was exchanged every 2 days.’
      • ‘Cells were separated from the culture medium by centrifugation at 100 g for 1 min at 4°C.’
      • ‘Uptake activity depends on the growth phase of the cultured cells whereas the culture medium had no effect on uptake.’
      • ‘Serial dilutions of the test solutions with culture medium were prepared before in vitro assay.’
      • ‘In doing so, this mucus becomes a culture medium for further bacterial growth, aggravating the state of recurrent infections.’
      • ‘The culture medium covering the cells was purged with pure nitrogen gas for 4 h.’
      • ‘Blood is a great medium for the bacteria that causes gonorrhea.’
      • ‘Pollen was sprinkled on the media by gently tapping a set of three flowers directly above the surface of the medium in each Petri dish.’
      • ‘Alkaloid levels were determined both in the roots and in the culture medium after a culturing period of 28 d.’
      habitat, element, environment, surroundings, milieu, setting, conditions, circumstances, ambience, atmosphere
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  • 3A particular form of storage for digitized information, such as magnetic tape or discs.

    ‘moving or copying backed-up data through a hierarchy of different mediums’
    • ‘This film has been used for over 12 years as an archival optical storage medium.’
    • ‘The encrypted object is written as an ordinary file on the medium.’
    • ‘Their capacity and low price mean that CD-Rs should be your starting point when considering a storage medium.’
    • ‘Tape is the overwhelming computer medium of choice for archiving.’
    • ‘Things are looking up for DVD-RAM as a general-purpose storage medium.’
    • ‘This means shifting data between storage mediums in an effort to provide the ideal levels of access, protection, and recovery at the lowest possible total cost.’
    • ‘This would let users treat the drive as a floppy drive or hard drive, making it an easier to use storage medium.’
    • ‘Disk has lagged behind tape as a long-term storage medium because of cost.’
    • ‘Tape is the most effective storage medium on a price basis for large amounts of data.’
    • ‘Wired Magazine is now suggesting that discs are dead as a storage medium.’
    • ‘Using the whole volume of a storage medium, instead of just the surface, allows us to encode much more information in a small space.’
    • ‘Review DVD is currently hyped as the storage medium of the future.’
    • ‘Copy files to and from the device as you would with any other storage medium.’
    • ‘As a long-term storage medium for check images, tape significantly exceeds any realistic requirements.’
    • ‘A signal from a storage medium is processed in a data channel to form digital data.’
    • ‘They largely replaced disk drives as a transportable storage medium.’
    • ‘If you can justify the price and are looking for some portable storage medium then this is something you should take a look at.’
    • ‘In most cases, magnetic disk storage will be the medium of choice for several key reasons.’
    • ‘What's the next most common storage medium shared amongst many computers?’
    • ‘Despite the drawbacks stated above, tape is still a widely accepted storage medium.’
  • 4A liquid (e.g., oil or water) with which pigments are mixed to make paint.

    • ‘We carry a large range of dry pigments, oils and mediums.’
    • ‘When a pigment has a high scattering power in relation to the medium, the paint will be dense and opaque in appearance.’
    habitat, element, environment, surroundings, milieu, setting, conditions, circumstances, ambience, atmosphere
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    1. 4.1The material or form used by an artist, composer, or writer.
      ‘oil paint is the most popular medium for glazing’
      • ‘Energized by necessity as well as by curiosity and competence in many mediums, the versatile artist was awesomely productive.’
      • ‘She worked in a variety of mediums, including artist's books, painting, printmaking, sculpture, installation and dance.’
      • ‘The other pieces were in ceramic, the medium for which the artist is best known.’
      • ‘What sets him apart from the very large number of contemporary artists working in the medium is his exhilarating use of colour.’
      • ‘The arch soon became a focal point of Washington Square and a subject for artists working in all mediums.’
      • ‘It showcased a variety of artistic mediums ranging from large finished canvases to sketch books.’
      • ‘Shakespeare's work has been produced since the Renaissance in all artistic mediums from the original theater to opera, symphony, film, and ballet.’
      • ‘Prevalent artistic mediums of that period - the mural and the poster - reflected the political character of the times.’
      • ‘And woodblocks have remained the dominant medium for Japanese print artists until our days.’
      • ‘Krause is an artist who continues to push himself into new mediums and new subject matter.’
      • ‘My favorite medium is artistic photography because it is real and has that peacefulness and beauty in it.’
      • ‘In fact, the completed windows do possess a freshness that is striking to find in the medium of monumental stained glass.’
      • ‘O'Connell sells contemporary glass sculpture, a popular medium for homes full of sun on the water.’
      • ‘The artist chooses mediums like oil, calligraphy and glass to display her talents.’
      • ‘As an artistic medium, film is easily the most accessible art form, yet the least discussed beyond its immediate spectacle.’
      • ‘Concrete is one of the artist's favorite mediums.’
      • ‘These are young professionals who are exploring the artistic medium of film.’
      • ‘More than 60 artists in different mediums display their artistic experiments with unfamiliar material.’
      • ‘As an artistic medium, film can have a myriad of purposes.’
      • ‘I cannot discuss all the new artistic mediums here - and if I did, my discussion would be obsolete before this book is published.’
  • 5A person claiming to be in contact with the spirits of the dead and to communicate between the dead and the living.

    , → mediumship
    , and → mediumistic
    • ‘Just a few days ago, I sat down with a woman who is a medium, and we got to talking about spirits and ghosts.’
    • ‘Most people who go to a medium or a spiritualist church have lost someone and want to find out that this person is okay.’
    • ‘This work, by Professor Richard Wiseman, involved asking five mediums to contact the dead relatives of five volunteers.’
    • ‘Nigel's devastated parents made a number of attempts to contact their son through mediums and the spiritualist church.’
    • ‘He claims he is a medium for holy spirits who talk to him in their dreams.’
    • ‘Spiritualist mediums are predominantly women who hold divinations and seances in their homes; many have become successful and even wealthy.’
    • ‘Did the medium really tell you that your dead father's name was William?’
    • ‘During the winter of 1978, the owner was contacted by a professional medium.’
    • ‘If an authentic medium detects a spirit that is present, they will try and convince it to move on.’
    • ‘A male medium contacted the owner in 1985 and disclosed that the dead Hessian soldier had visited him in a dream.’
    • ‘As a spiritual medium, telephone readings are available at a very affordable price.’
    • ‘Other religious practitioners include spirit mediums and shamans, most of whom are women.’
    • ‘Such beliefs are not confined to rural areas; in the cities there is a network of spirit mediums who claim to contact the dead.’
    • ‘I do not let spirits enter my body and speak through me, though some psychics and mediums work this way.’
    • ‘Soon, half the audience is crying, convinced the medium has made contact.’
    • ‘Today's most successful mediums, however, simply claim the dead communicate through them.’
    • ‘This man did not claim to be a medium but, nonetheless, believed he had talked many times with the spirit of Doyle.’
    • ‘Clients of mediums who claim to get messages from the dead are very highly motivated clients.’
    • ‘He asserts that this work supports the mediums ' claims that they are actually communicating with the dead.’
    • ‘After making an international name for himself, he spent several years exposing phony spiritualists and mediums.’
    spiritualist, clairvoyant, mind reader, fortune teller, seer, necromancer
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  • 6The middle quality or state between two extremes; a reasonable balance.

    ‘you have to strike a happy medium between looking like royalty and looking like a housewife’
    middle way, middle course, middle ground, middle, mean, median, mid point, central point, centre, average, norm, standard
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  • 1About halfway between two extremes of size or another quality; average.

    ‘John is six feet tall, of medium build’
    ‘medium-length hair’
    • ‘The first man was white, in his late teens, 5ft 10 in tall, of medium build, with fair short hair.’
    • ‘They are about the size of a medium collie dog, but their tail is round and bushy and is carried straight out below the level of their back.’
    • ‘She looked to be in her mid-thirties and had medium length brown hair.’
    • ‘My medium length black hair was left out in bouncy curls today.’
    • ‘He had medium length shaggy black hair and bright green eyes.’
    • ‘These policies will inevitably lead to an extremely painful property market shake-out in the near to medium term.’
    • ‘Her hair was medium length and brown, and she walked gracefully.’
    • ‘There is a certain amount of research that has no clear medium term pay off that is funded by governments.’
    • ‘He is described as being medium build with a fair complexion and light brown hair.’
    • ‘I smiled and ruffled her medium length light brown hair slightly.’
    • ‘This product is suitable for most small to medium size businesses that require full stock control and sales and purchase order processing.’
    • ‘Its bill is of medium length for a shorebird, and it has short, yellow legs.’
    • ‘Her medium length brown hair was loose and hung over her back.’
    • ‘He was described as a man in his late 30s, taller than average, of medium build with short dark hair and who spoke with no discernible accent.’
    • ‘In addition about 90% of the quota was taken up by producers in the small to medium size categories.’
    • ‘They seemed to be of medium length and one them had been pulled from the root, making a DNA check possible.’
    • ‘Many military installations are in or near small or medium size towns that can't absorb such a loss.’
    • ‘She has fair medium length straight hair and blue eyes.’
    • ‘In captivity, the hawk-headed parrot has a life span comparable to most other medium size parrots.’
    • ‘She had a slim build and medium length, fashionably styled blonde hair.’
    average, middling, medium-sized, middle-sized, moderate, fair, normal, standard, usual
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    1. 1.1(of cooked meat) halfway between rare and well-done.
      ‘I wanted my burger to be medium’
      • ‘Turning now to your bowling, you are more of a medium pacer rather than a tearaway fast bowler.’
      • ‘He is a right-hand bat and right medium fast bowler.’
      • ‘His fielding alone makes him stand out from the crowd and there is also the option he gives us with the ball as he can bowl medium pace or off-spin.’
      • ‘Alan Connolly was a right-arm fast medium bowler, tall in stature and powerfully built.’
      • ‘He was a hard-hitting batsman and an excellent opening medium pace bowler.’


Late 16th century (originally denoting something intermediate in nature or degree): from Latin, literally middle neuter of medius.