Definition of medium in English:

medium

noun

  • 1An agency or means of doing something.

    ‘using the latest technology as a medium for job creation’
    ‘their primitive valuables acted as a medium of exchange’
    • ‘We could get more things done, since television would not be a medium of entertainment but rather of information alone.’
    • ‘To use TV as a medium of education will yield rich dividends.’
    • ‘Others do not, saying that they are not bookmakers, but a medium for bets between consenting adults.’
    • ‘The internet ‘should be a medium for unbridled self-expression’, not an amplifier of fears.’
    • ‘A common answer is ‘anything that can be used as a medium of exchange’.’
    • ‘No asset since gold in the 19th century enjoys such broad acceptance as both a medium of exchange and a store of value as the dollar.’
    • ‘We are simply providing a medium for people to tell us their experiences in confidence and presenting them to the public who can then make up their own minds.’
    • ‘The company began as a medium for senior dancers to perform.’
    • ‘Accordingly, money is brought forth into society to be used as a medium of exchange to facilitate the trade of goods of all kinds.’
    • ‘Later, increasing numbers of literati acknowledged the folding fan as a medium for showing off their expertise in writing and painting.’
    • ‘Chatrooms have always been popular on the internet as they provide a medium for people with similar interests to meet and discuss their opinions.’
    • ‘As we built it, the library became a medium for us to design our own structure of how subjects and ideas flow.’
    • ‘The idea of using newspapers as a medium of education goes back to the 18th century.’
    • ‘It was a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals without regard of geographic location, she said.’
    • ‘He then shifts to the use of gold in Greece, Rome, and Byzantium, initially as adornment but later as a medium of exchange.’
    • ‘Given a medium of exchange, people can trade even if their wants and needs don't directly coincide.’
    • ‘Which means, theatre is not just a medium for entertainment, but a reaction to the intense and complex realities around us.’
    • ‘Mostly, it was a medium for the well-off to talk among themselves.’
    • ‘The meetings provide a medium for local councillors to raise the issues of their electorate on a more intimate basis with Council officials.’
    means of communication, means of expression, mode of expression, means, method, way, form, agency, channel, forum
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    1. 1.1 A means by which something is communicated or expressed.
      ‘here the Welsh language is the medium of instruction’
      • ‘Secondly, the Commission recommends Mother Tongue as the medium of instruction for elementary education.’
      • ‘Simply put, mobile communications is the new medium for the future.’
      • ‘The mediums of communications have themselves changed.’
      • ‘The problem, though, is not with the words, but with the medium of communication, with situation and circumstance.’
      • ‘I shall use the same medium of communication as I believe that the information I give will reach the wider public.’
      • ‘Languages were flawless and they were just mediums of interaction and communication, he added.’
      • ‘Blogs are just a new medium for communication and the three rules apply.’
      • ‘Blogging is the medium that lets us communicate with like-minded people.’
      • ‘The Internet has become a global medium for instant communication and quick access to information.’
      • ‘In Malaysia, on the other hand, Malay is the national and the official language and the main medium of instruction.’
      • ‘True communication can only occur between people with equal access to the medium in which the communication is taking place.’
      • ‘English is the administrative language and the medium of instruction in schools.’
      • ‘It is a powerful communicative medium; a language which uses the mind and body to relate varied experiences.’
      • ‘Today, it seems that through the various medium of communications every heartbeat is shared by the world.’
      • ‘Since music is a mysterious international language, it can be the medium of communication in its special way with patients.’
      • ‘Our newest medium of camp marketing communications probably sports the most flagrant offenses.’
      • ‘English is the official language and the main medium of instruction from preschool to tertiary levels of education.’
      • ‘Thai is the national language and the medium for education and mass communication.’
      • ‘It provides education for children using the Maori language as the medium of instruction.’
      • ‘It seems mobile phone is the medium of choice for communication for modern Japanese.’
      means of communication, means of expression, mode of expression, means, method, way, form, agency, channel, forum
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  • 2The intervening substance through which impressions are conveyed to the senses or a force acts on objects at a distance.

    ‘radio communication needs no physical medium between the two stations’
    ‘the medium between the cylinders is a vacuum’
    • ‘Air, the lubricating medium, is forced into a reservoir surrounding the bearing.’
    • ‘There was no medium or physical means to push and pull the planets and other objects around.’
    • ‘Second, the gene provides the physical medium for sharing genetic information from generation to generation.’
    • ‘Moving in a fluid is complicated by the fact that forces applied to the medium cause it to move.’
    1. 2.1 The substance in which an organism lives or is cultured.
      ‘grow bacteria in a nutrient-rich medium’
      • ‘In plant cell culture, the addition of exogenous sugar to the culture medium is an absolute necessity for nearly all tissues.’
      • ‘The culture medium was changed after 24 h and from then on three times a day.’
      • ‘Addition of Chinese medicines into the culture medium will significantly affect bone cell metabolism.’
      • ‘The culture medium covering the cells was purged with pure nitrogen gas for 4 h.’
      • ‘This would also increase the sloughing off of cell wall surface polymers in the culture medium.’
      • ‘Typically, by the end of batch culture nutrients in the medium would be considerably depleted.’
      • ‘The world ocean is what laboratory scientists would call a culture medium, the largest petri dish known to mankind.’
      • ‘The culture medium in the glass containers was exchanged every 2 days.’
      • ‘Blood is a great medium for the bacteria that causes gonorrhea.’
      • ‘Alkaloid levels were determined both in the roots and in the culture medium after a culturing period of 28 d.’
      • ‘Organic matter plays an important complementary role, especially on very sandy soils where it is practically the only medium for nutrient and water storage.’
      • ‘Cells were separated from the culture medium by centrifugation at 100 g for 1 min at 4°C.’
      • ‘The basal cut surface was left in the nutrient medium.’
      • ‘Uptake activity depends on the growth phase of the cultured cells whereas the culture medium had no effect on uptake.’
      • ‘The objective of this study was to develop a suitable medium to improve in vitro pollen germination in pigeonpea.’
      • ‘Eggs were collected during 8 h periods in cultured bottles containing standard medium.’
      • ‘In doing so, this mucus becomes a culture medium for further bacterial growth, aggravating the state of recurrent infections.’
      • ‘This occurs when colonic bacteria accumulate above the obstructing lesion and flourish in a nutrient medium.’
      • ‘Serial dilutions of the test solutions with culture medium were prepared before in vitro assay.’
      • ‘Pollen was sprinkled on the media by gently tapping a set of three flowers directly above the surface of the medium in each Petri dish.’
      habitat, element, environment, surroundings, milieu, setting, conditions, circumstances, ambience, atmosphere
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    2. 2.2 A liquid (e.g., oil or water) with which pigments are mixed to make paint.
      • ‘We carry a large range of dry pigments, oils and mediums.’
      • ‘When a pigment has a high scattering power in relation to the medium, the paint will be dense and opaque in appearance.’
      habitat, element, environment, surroundings, milieu, setting, conditions, circumstances, ambience, atmosphere
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  • 3A particular form of storage for digitized information, such as magnetic tape or discs.

    ‘moving or copying backed-up data through a hierarchy of different mediums’
    • ‘If you can justify the price and are looking for some portable storage medium then this is something you should take a look at.’
    • ‘This would let users treat the drive as a floppy drive or hard drive, making it an easier to use storage medium.’
    • ‘Wired Magazine is now suggesting that discs are dead as a storage medium.’
    • ‘Tape is the most effective storage medium on a price basis for large amounts of data.’
    • ‘Things are looking up for DVD-RAM as a general-purpose storage medium.’
    • ‘They largely replaced disk drives as a transportable storage medium.’
    • ‘Review DVD is currently hyped as the storage medium of the future.’
    • ‘A signal from a storage medium is processed in a data channel to form digital data.’
    • ‘This film has been used for over 12 years as an archival optical storage medium.’
    • ‘Tape is the overwhelming computer medium of choice for archiving.’
    • ‘As a long-term storage medium for check images, tape significantly exceeds any realistic requirements.’
    • ‘Their capacity and low price mean that CD-Rs should be your starting point when considering a storage medium.’
    • ‘Disk has lagged behind tape as a long-term storage medium because of cost.’
    • ‘Using the whole volume of a storage medium, instead of just the surface, allows us to encode much more information in a small space.’
    • ‘This means shifting data between storage mediums in an effort to provide the ideal levels of access, protection, and recovery at the lowest possible total cost.’
    • ‘The encrypted object is written as an ordinary file on the medium.’
    • ‘Copy files to and from the device as you would with any other storage medium.’
    • ‘In most cases, magnetic disk storage will be the medium of choice for several key reasons.’
    • ‘Despite the drawbacks stated above, tape is still a widely accepted storage medium.’
    • ‘What's the next most common storage medium shared amongst many computers?’
  • 4The material or form used by an artist, composer, or writer.

    ‘oil paint is the most popular medium for glazing’
    • ‘More than 60 artists in different mediums display their artistic experiments with unfamiliar material.’
    • ‘As an artistic medium, film is easily the most accessible art form, yet the least discussed beyond its immediate spectacle.’
    • ‘Energized by necessity as well as by curiosity and competence in many mediums, the versatile artist was awesomely productive.’
    • ‘O'Connell sells contemporary glass sculpture, a popular medium for homes full of sun on the water.’
    • ‘She worked in a variety of mediums, including artist's books, painting, printmaking, sculpture, installation and dance.’
    • ‘Krause is an artist who continues to push himself into new mediums and new subject matter.’
    • ‘And woodblocks have remained the dominant medium for Japanese print artists until our days.’
    • ‘What sets him apart from the very large number of contemporary artists working in the medium is his exhilarating use of colour.’
    • ‘Shakespeare's work has been produced since the Renaissance in all artistic mediums from the original theater to opera, symphony, film, and ballet.’
    • ‘As an artistic medium, film can have a myriad of purposes.’
    • ‘In fact, the completed windows do possess a freshness that is striking to find in the medium of monumental stained glass.’
    • ‘The other pieces were in ceramic, the medium for which the artist is best known.’
    • ‘These are young professionals who are exploring the artistic medium of film.’
    • ‘The artist chooses mediums like oil, calligraphy and glass to display her talents.’
    • ‘It showcased a variety of artistic mediums ranging from large finished canvases to sketch books.’
    • ‘I cannot discuss all the new artistic mediums here - and if I did, my discussion would be obsolete before this book is published.’
    • ‘Concrete is one of the artist's favorite mediums.’
    • ‘Prevalent artistic mediums of that period - the mural and the poster - reflected the political character of the times.’
    • ‘My favorite medium is artistic photography because it is real and has that peacefulness and beauty in it.’
    • ‘The arch soon became a focal point of Washington Square and a subject for artists working in all mediums.’
  • 5A person claiming to be in contact with the spirits of the dead and to communicate between the dead and the living.

    • ‘As a spiritual medium, telephone readings are available at a very affordable price.’
    • ‘Did the medium really tell you that your dead father's name was William?’
    • ‘A male medium contacted the owner in 1985 and disclosed that the dead Hessian soldier had visited him in a dream.’
    • ‘He claims he is a medium for holy spirits who talk to him in their dreams.’
    • ‘I do not let spirits enter my body and speak through me, though some psychics and mediums work this way.’
    • ‘Other religious practitioners include spirit mediums and shamans, most of whom are women.’
    • ‘During the winter of 1978, the owner was contacted by a professional medium.’
    • ‘This man did not claim to be a medium but, nonetheless, believed he had talked many times with the spirit of Doyle.’
    • ‘Just a few days ago, I sat down with a woman who is a medium, and we got to talking about spirits and ghosts.’
    • ‘Spiritualist mediums are predominantly women who hold divinations and seances in their homes; many have become successful and even wealthy.’
    • ‘Such beliefs are not confined to rural areas; in the cities there is a network of spirit mediums who claim to contact the dead.’
    • ‘Clients of mediums who claim to get messages from the dead are very highly motivated clients.’
    • ‘This work, by Professor Richard Wiseman, involved asking five mediums to contact the dead relatives of five volunteers.’
    • ‘After making an international name for himself, he spent several years exposing phony spiritualists and mediums.’
    • ‘Soon, half the audience is crying, convinced the medium has made contact.’
    • ‘He asserts that this work supports the mediums ' claims that they are actually communicating with the dead.’
    • ‘Nigel's devastated parents made a number of attempts to contact their son through mediums and the spiritualist church.’
    • ‘Most people who go to a medium or a spiritualist church have lost someone and want to find out that this person is okay.’
    • ‘Today's most successful mediums, however, simply claim the dead communicate through them.’
    • ‘If an authentic medium detects a spirit that is present, they will try and convince it to move on.’
    spiritualist, clairvoyant, mind reader, fortune teller, seer, necromancer
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  • 6The middle quality or state between two extremes; a reasonable balance.

    ‘we try to strike a happy medium between respecting the confidentiality of our customers and being transparent’
    middle way, middle course, middle ground, middle, mean, median, mid point, central point, centre, average, norm, standard
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adjective

  • 1About halfway between two extremes of size or another quality; average.

    ‘John is six feet tall, of medium build’
    ‘medium-length hair’
    • ‘Her medium length brown hair was loose and hung over her back.’
    • ‘She has fair medium length straight hair and blue eyes.’
    • ‘He is described as being medium build with a fair complexion and light brown hair.’
    • ‘There is a certain amount of research that has no clear medium term pay off that is funded by governments.’
    • ‘Her hair was medium length and brown, and she walked gracefully.’
    • ‘He was described as a man in his late 30s, taller than average, of medium build with short dark hair and who spoke with no discernible accent.’
    • ‘She had a slim build and medium length, fashionably styled blonde hair.’
    • ‘My medium length black hair was left out in bouncy curls today.’
    • ‘Its bill is of medium length for a shorebird, and it has short, yellow legs.’
    • ‘I smiled and ruffled her medium length light brown hair slightly.’
    • ‘She looked to be in her mid-thirties and had medium length brown hair.’
    • ‘The first man was white, in his late teens, 5ft 10 in tall, of medium build, with fair short hair.’
    • ‘This product is suitable for most small to medium size businesses that require full stock control and sales and purchase order processing.’
    • ‘In captivity, the hawk-headed parrot has a life span comparable to most other medium size parrots.’
    • ‘In addition about 90% of the quota was taken up by producers in the small to medium size categories.’
    • ‘They are about the size of a medium collie dog, but their tail is round and bushy and is carried straight out below the level of their back.’
    • ‘They seemed to be of medium length and one them had been pulled from the root, making a DNA check possible.’
    • ‘These policies will inevitably lead to an extremely painful property market shake-out in the near to medium term.’
    • ‘He had medium length shaggy black hair and bright green eyes.’
    • ‘Many military installations are in or near small or medium size towns that can't absorb such a loss.’
    average, middling, medium-sized, middle-sized, moderate, fair, normal, standard, usual
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    1. 1.1Cricket (of cooked meat) halfway between rare and well-done.
      ‘I wanted my burger to be medium’
      • ‘His fielding alone makes him stand out from the crowd and there is also the option he gives us with the ball as he can bowl medium pace or off-spin.’
      • ‘Turning now to your bowling, you are more of a medium pacer rather than a tearaway fast bowler.’
      • ‘He was a hard-hitting batsman and an excellent opening medium pace bowler.’
      • ‘He is a right-hand bat and right medium fast bowler.’
      • ‘Alan Connolly was a right-arm fast medium bowler, tall in stature and powerfully built.’

Origin

Late 16th century (originally denoting something intermediate in nature or degree): from Latin, literally ‘middle’, neuter of medius.

Pronunciation

medium

/ˈmēdēəm//ˈmidiəm/