One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A febrile illness of humans caused by the bacterium Brucella melitensis, once very common in parts of the Mediterranean, and frequently transmitted to humans from goats; brucellosis.
Early 19th century. From Mediterranean + fever.
Mediterranean fever/ˌmɛdɪtəˈreɪnɪən ˈfiːvə/
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