Definition of medicine in English:

medicine

noun

  • 1The science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease (in technical use often taken to exclude surgery)

    • ‘Concern increased about the gap between academic medicine and practice.’
    • ‘That is sad because it negatively changes how medicine is practiced in this country.’
    • ‘A few of them were practitioners of herbal medicine but most were ordinary, conventional citizens.’
    • ‘It may very well be that gene therapy is medicine's future; indeed our own future.’
    • ‘Until then, I had considered medicine as merely a science used to heal human bodies.’
    • ‘Possible adverse events were detected by two nurses in medicine and surgery and two midwives in obstetrics.’
    • ‘The interdependence is particularly evident in science and medicine.’
    • ‘This has enabled me to learn at first hand about the practice of medicine.’
    • ‘The challenge is to develop models of care integrating nephrology and geriatric medicine.’
    • ‘The holistic therapies might lead medicine back towards the holism of the ancient systems.’
    • ‘Compared to the natural sciences and medicine, psychology is a relatively new field.’
    • ‘After a varied career he decided to study medicine and entered general practice.’
    • ‘These principles subsequently formed the basis of good medical practice in Western medicine.’
    • ‘The practice of medicine must comply with modern ethical standards.’
    • ‘There are many areas in which expectations differ over the practice of medicine.’
    • ‘A sound knowledge of medical ethics is essential to the good practice of medicine.’
    • ‘As in all things in medicine, medical diagnosis requires prudence, and more than a modicum of common sense.’
    • ‘He said they planned to take on extra clinicians in respiratory medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology.’
    • ‘I had recently been appointed as senior registrar in respiratory medicine and was keen to impress.’
    • ‘It is also useful for students and teachers of medicine and the biomedical sciences.’
    medical science, practice of medicine, healing, therapeutics, therapy, treatment, healing art
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  • 2A compound or preparation used for the treatment or prevention of disease, especially a drug or drugs taken by mouth.

    ‘give her some medicine’
    [count noun] ‘your doctor will be able to prescribe medicines’
    • ‘Drug companies are also striving to develop new medicines to treat unmet needs.’
    • ‘They understand the use of medicines because they are dealing with them all the time.’
    • ‘Lock up all drugs and medicines securely in a bathroom cabinet where they can't be reached.’
    • ‘If there are no improvements after several weeks, other medicines can be tried.’
    • ‘She gave me her food and used the medicine to make me feel better.’
    • ‘Special restrictions exist on the prescription of medicines for drug addicts.’
    • ‘All the review really shows is the lack of good quality research on over the counter cough medicines.’
    • ‘She said several of the people were on medication and had not been able to take their medicines.’
    • ‘In less urgent cases, treatment by medicines and vitamins may be a better option.’
    • ‘Treatments include preventative medicines and those for use in acute attacks.’
    • ‘Store medicines, vitamins and other potential poisons out of the reach of children.’
    • ‘Early uses were medical, but it gradually came to be accepted as a food rather than a medicine.’
    • ‘The most effective medicines aim to restore the balance of serotonin in the brain.’
    • ‘There are some medicines that can be useful to keep at home in case of minor accidents.’
    • ‘She recommends taking the medicine with food at the first sign of cramping or nausea.’
    • ‘They will ask you questions about your current and past health and any medicines you are taking.’
    • ‘If you remain well while on the medicines, the treatment should be continued.’
    • ‘The use of many complementary and alternative medicines remains controversial.’
    • ‘He or she may prescribe medicines, depending on the type of symptoms and their severity.’
    • ‘Inappropriate use of many medicines has led to ineffective treatment and drug resistance.’
    medication, medicament, remedy, cure, nostrum, patent medicine, quack remedy, panacea, cure-all, placebo, drug, prescription, dose, treatment
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    1. 2.1Healing substances or drugs collectively.
      ‘an aid convoy loaded with food and medicine’
      • ‘Clean water, rather than food or medicine, was cited as the most acute need in southern and central Iraq.’
      • ‘Aid agencies are already bringing clean water, medicine, food and clothes to the survivors.’
      • ‘The lack of electricity, medicine, food and water will take many more lives in the weeks ahead.’
      • ‘They desperately need medicine and food - and I think they need toys for the children.’
      • ‘How will you get them food, medicine, and the consumer goods they have come to enjoy?’
  • 3(among North American Indians and some other peoples) a spell, charm, or fetish believed to have healing, protective, or other power.

    ‘Fleur was murdering him by use of bad medicine’
    • ‘They could be bribed to give you some bad medicine if someone wanted to be rid of you.’
    • ‘Every culture had its Shamans, who in turn took on the magic mantle of medicine.’

Phrases

  • give someone a dose (or taste) of their own medicine

    • Give someone the same bad treatment that they have given to others.

      ‘tired of his humiliation of me, I decided to give him a taste of his own medicine’
      • ‘He would dearly love to get those two particular individuals in a dark alley and give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘I suggest we out this person and give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘Weathering the storm, Windermere then picked up the pace and gave Workington a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘After all that's happened to you, don't you want to give them a taste of their own medicine?’
      • ‘That's something you say when someone has done something to you, and you give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘But if Livingston had been caught on the hop, they gave Airdrie a taste of their own medicine a whole 60 seconds later.’
      • ‘Sometimes I wondered how our arrangement worked: they were allowed to tease me to no end but the moment I opened my mouth to give them a taste of their own medicine they'd pretend to be hurt.’
      • ‘I was just trying to give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘She liked to give them a taste of their own medicine.’
      • ‘Let's give them a taste of their own medicine then perhaps they may have a less arrogant attitude towards Britain.’
      get back at, get, let someone see how it feels, have/get/take one's revenge, get one's revenge on, have one's revenge on, take one's revenge on
      settle a score, settle the score, give as good as one gets, pay someone back, repay, reciprocate
      give someone their comeuppance
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  • take one's medicine

    • Submit to something disagreeable such as punishment.

      • ‘If he didn't then he should come clean and take his medicine as he so sanctimoniously advises all his politician friends to do.’
      • ‘He had an affair with a blonde teenager but took his medicine and kept his marriage together.’
      • ‘So I took my medicine and I'm on probation now for three years.’
      • ‘You made a call, acknowledged it was probably wrong and took your medicine with grace.’
      • ‘Considering the gravity of the previous night's debacle, we thought it a good idea to return to the scene of the crime, just to see how they took their medicine.’
      • ‘As long as we have a hearing and are treated fairly, we will take our medicine.’
      • ‘Yet loyal to the last, Scotland's fans are prepared to take their medicine.’
      • ‘But he should write a fulsome letter of apology to the tour officials concerned, and just take his medicine.’
      • ‘Gareth took his medicine and responded with a tremendous performance - the way you would expect a professional to do.’
      • ‘And he took his medicine, and learned from his mistakes, and didn't take his wounded ego to the media.’
      accept one's punishment, take the consequences of one's actions
      take the rap, take it on the chin
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Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin medicina, from medicus physician.

Pronunciation:

medicine

/ˈmedəsən/