One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
median^{1}
adjective
1Denoting or relating to a value or quantity lying at the midpoint of a frequency distribution of observed values or quantities, such that there is an equal probability of falling above or below it.
‘the median duration of this treatment was four months’- ‘In all cases however, wetter/drier and warmer/cooler are relative to the median value at the location you're looking at.’
- ‘The median value of stock holdings among these families was $47,000 in 1998.’
- ‘Homes are considerably cheaper - the median value is about $25,000 - but they tend to be older.’
- ‘This information was then used to estimate the median values and the 95% confidence intervals.’
- ‘He says the poorest bankruptcy filers, people who fall below the median income in their state, can wipe out their debts the same way they did before.’
- ‘The median values of comet length distribution (at least three independent experiments) were used in a one-way analysis of variance test.’
- ‘There may be circumstances when it is important to be able to estimate the distribution function and the corresponding mean and median values parametrically.’
- ‘The first value corresponds to the most heterogeneous values observed in the literature and the second to a median value.’
- ‘If the median value was chosen, then the wavelengths were converted to a unit of energy.’
- ‘Frequencies of recombination correspond to the median value of two or three fluctuation tests, each one done with six independent colonies.’
- ‘When median values were examined, both sexes showed a preference for one partner and did not differ in the number of partners they preferred prior to settling down.’
- ‘We propose to calculate the median values at each iteration of the Gibbs sampler.’
- ‘On the basis of the median values, it appears that researchers have used larger sample sizes in the last decade compared with in the earlier decades.’
- ‘The median values were compared by the rank sum test.’
- ‘However, while a few genes do show rather high transition bias, most of the estimates cluster tightly around the median value.’
- ‘Arrows indicate the median value of divergence times of each distribution.’
- ‘Use of the median value for an individual provides an analysis representing the central tendency for valuing the species.’
- ‘The median value assures good recognition for half of the frames.’
- ‘At least 15 independent colonies were analyzed for each strain and the median values were used for the calculation.’
- ‘As for Stephanie, she falls below her state's median income and could still file Chapter 7 but would have to fill out more paperwork to prove it.’
- 1.1 Denoting the middle term (or mean of the middle two terms) of a series arranged in order of magnitude. For example, the median number of the series 55, 62, 76, 85, 93 is 76.
- ‘Further, the simple mean, median, and weighted average estimates for early, middle, and late estimates are quite close.’
- ‘Half of the species are located between 1.7 and 2.5, with the median value at 2.1.’
- ‘This produced an overall average of 13.7 and a median value of 13 paper-folding opportunities per textbook.’
- ‘The median value for the size of the largest family per window was 2.0, whereas the mean was 2.34 with a standard error of 0.07.’
- ‘Most families are middle-class; the median household income in 1989 was $38,586.’
- ‘The median number of copies sold per week for the average book on the New York Times Best-selling list was 3,600.’
mean, median, medial, middleView synonyms
2Anatomy
technical Situated in the middle, especially of the body.‘the median part of the sternum’- ‘After birth, it is represented by the median umbilical ligament, which extends from the dome or anterior wall of the bladder to the umbilicus.’
- ‘The contents of the tunnel include the median nerve and flexor tendons of the hand.’
- ‘However, results may be limited, because the bladder neck and median prostate lobe cannot be treated.’
- ‘The volar compartment includes forearm wrist flexors, pronator tendons, and median and ulnar nerves and arteries.’
- ‘The normally obliterated umbilical artery within the urachus forms the median umbilical ligament in the adult.’
halfway, in-between, middle, mid, midway, intermediary, intervening, interposed, transitionalView synonyms
noun
1The median value of a range of values.
‘acreages ranged from one to fifty-two with a median of twenty-four’- ‘Summary descriptive statistics were computed by using proportions or medians and interquartile ranges.’
- ‘We calculated means, standard deviations, medians, and interquartile ranges as appropriate.’
- ‘Values are medians (interquartile ranges) unless stated otherwise.’
- ‘We expressed categorical variables as frequencies and percentages and continuous variables as medians (interquartile range).’
- ‘Data that were not normally distributed were described by using medians and interquartile ranges.’
- ‘Using the median rather than the average of the set of estimates does not improve estimation (results not shown).’
- ‘When medians and ranges were presented the values were converted to means.’
- ‘Clinical factors graded on a scale of 0 to 3 were reported as medians and interquartile ranges.’
- ‘The results are presented either as medians and interquartile ranges or percentage frequencies and 95% confidence intervals, as appropriate.’
- ‘Descriptive statistics (means, standard deviations, medians and percentages) were used.’
- ‘Descriptive statistics such as means, standard deviations, medians, percentages and frequencies were used to summarize the data.’
- ‘Descriptive statistics, including means, medians, range, standard deviation, and frequencies, were used to enumerate the TAT process.’
- ‘Dashed lines connect observations within 1.5 interquartile ranges of the median.’
- ‘Data are described as frequencies, medians with ranges, and means with standard deviations.’
- ‘We calculated means (standard deviations) or medians (ranges or interquartile ranges) as appropriate.’
- ‘We produced summary statistics for each cost variable (means, medians, and standard deviations).’
- ‘As the data were skewed, we have presented medians and interquartile ranges for continuous data.’
- ‘Time intervals are expressed as medians and interquartile ranges.’
- ‘The data were analyzed in several ways, incorporating frequencies, percentages, means, medians, and standard deviations.’
- ‘In October 2000 the average and median had been $587 and $448 respectively.’
mean, median, mode, midpoint, centreView synonyms2North American The strip of land between the lanes of opposing traffic on a divided highway.
British term central reservation- ‘There are about 37 traffic islands and numerous medians in that part of the city.’
- ‘As the motorists tried to get out of the melee, those who came out of the rally seemed to be enjoying themselves, dancing away on road medians and traffic islands.’
- ‘With traffic at a dead halt, fathers and sons got out of their cars and played catch on freeway medians.’
- ‘Shrines are erected on busy street corners adjacent to megastores and fast food restaurants, in the medians of multilane roadways and freeways, and on private property.’
- ‘Boulder recently outlawed the practice of standing in a road median with a sign, saying this activity is a safety hazard.’
- ‘That cell phone came flying out of her hands faster than Jon can jump medians on a four-lane freeway.’
- ‘For soft landscaping beds, the majority of landscape occurs as medians, islands, urban beds and interchange islands.’
- ‘Coimbatore city has many such road medians, roadside parks and traffic islands.’
- ‘Also, we have requested the Public Works Department to install raised central medians on the highway roads to prevent people from crossing the road at will.’
- ‘The expressway now has four lanes, a median strip and CCTV cameras to watch the road.’
- ‘The charity in question is Chicago Gateway Green, which spends most of its energy keeping freeways and medians pleasantly landscaped.’
- ‘There appears to be no restrictions on who uses the road, the road median strip, road verge or any part of the road corridor.’
- ‘Cars were everywhere - road, medians, sidewalks - just everywhere.’
- ‘One possibility is installing a monorail on the Interstate median strip in many areas of the country.’
- ‘All personnel are assigned a sector of observation and fire, with the lead automatic weapon gunner maintaining special emphasis on road medians or emergency lanes.’
- ‘All over Europe he was pulling up wherever - on a curb, on the median of a freeway, just to skate a spot.’
- ‘The original roadside hazard model used to predict roadside crashes was derived from data collected on encroachments into a median.’
- ‘And if everything goes well, the city's public gardens, roadside gardens and medians will use treated water for their maintenance by 2006.’
- ‘While the city lost its luxurious circles and fountains at major intersections thanks to the increasing traffic, the medians, sidewalks and traffic islands are beginning to make up.’
- ‘There is no intermingling of vehicles from opposite directions as the two-way movement was separated by a median strip.’
3Geometry
A straight line drawn from any vertex of a triangle to the middle of the opposite side.- ‘Perpendicular bisectors of two pieces of its medians form a hexagon with opposite sides parallel (and some additional features).’
centre, mean, median, mid point, halfway point, dead centre, focal point, focus, hub, nucleus, midstView synonyms
Origin
Late Middle English (denoting a median vein or nerve): from medieval Latin medianus, from medius ‘mid’.
Pronunciation
Median^{2}
adjective
Relating to Media, an ancient region of Asia to the southwest of the Caspian Sea.
‘the Median empire’- ‘They even live in the old Median lands of the Middle East.’
- ‘His predecessors ruled Parsumash, a vassal state of the Median empire.’
- ‘It is said that he is represented as a king of an intermediate and independent Median empire.’