Definition of mechanism in English:

mechanism

noun

  • 1A system of parts working together in a machine; a piece of machinery.

    ‘the gunner injured his arm in the turret mechanism’
    • ‘The mechanism for lifting the grate lay in a concealed room of the cave that was on the right of the stairs.’
    • ‘As soon as they are about to hit the trigger mechanism, bang the coin-return button.’
    • ‘Felix is a very clever engineer who designs mechanisms that in the end are very simple and also easy to maintain.’
    • ‘Children had to be able to tolerate and avoid touching the catheter and the pump mechanism.’
    • ‘However, it is rather puzzling that only in this part of the zones such triggering mechanisms did not operate.’
    • ‘Staff were also seen checking the mechanism which worked the electronic security gates at the end of the drive.’
    • ‘These two holes must be coordinated so the mechanism will properly fit together.’
    • ‘These trigger mechanisms depend on several conditions being ‘right’ at the same time.’
    • ‘All this is conventional, except for the projection forward of present-day mechanisms and gadgetry.’
    • ‘The engineer was one of her agents, and he had a special mechanism in the engine.’
    • ‘A bright spark shot up the length of the bolt into the chamber of the locking mechanism, triggering the circuitry to release the lock.’
    • ‘Gears are precision mechanisms only if quality is consistent from tooth to tooth.’
    • ‘Protecting lift shafts and mechanisms so they can safely be used for evacuation should also be considered.’
    • ‘Our clock is a superb piece of engineering, and has a mechanism that is almost identical to Big Ben in London.’
    • ‘In his mind Harry began going over the internal mechanisms of this particular old heap of unobliging metal.’
    • ‘A lift mechanism for raising the tray carrier into the enclosure is also disclosed.’
    • ‘He ducked at the sound of the trigger mechanism and dodged the gunfire completely.’
    • ‘The slight hiss is, to my ears, about the same as the tape mechanism in my van - maybe even a bit less.’
    • ‘Over his own grunts and snarls, he failed to hear the snap of the trigger mechanism.’
    • ‘The valve train consists of the valves and a mechanism that opens and closes them.’
    apparatus, machine, appliance, tool, device, implement, utensil, instrument, contraption, contrivance, gadget, tackle, structure, system
    procedure, process, system, operation, method, technique, workings, means, medium, agency, channel, channels, vehicle, structure
    machinery, workings, works, movement, motion, action, gear, gears, wheels, components, motor, engine, power source
    View synonyms
  • 2A natural or established process by which something takes place or is brought about.

    ‘we have no mechanism for assessing the success of forwarded inquiries’
    ‘the mechanism by which genes build bodies’
    • ‘All of these coping mechanisms have had a serious impact on the function of the family.’
    • ‘There were also more general mechanisms which brought private life under the public gaze.’
    • ‘Many organisms have natural mechanisms for protecting themselves from the toxic effects of metals.’
    • ‘However, the underlying mechanism that brings about this restriction is less well understood.’
    • ‘It pulverises those delicate social mechanisms that control our baser motives.’
    • ‘Administration would be based on existing interprovincial mechanisms, the report says.’
    • ‘Higher plants have developed several elaborate mechanisms to ward off pathogen attack.’
    • ‘Natural selection is a mechanism for generating an exceedingly high degree of improbability.’
    • ‘It is also of significance in new drug development based on the mechanism of Chinese medicine.’
    • ‘The site has a simple registration process and a mechanism to ensure that both the seller and buyer get a fair deal.’
    • ‘Could it be that our coping mechanisms are working for us and therefore we don't think it's so much of a challenge?’
    • ‘Many of our mechanisms to develop and deliver rights protection contain covert begging processes.’
    • ‘Also known as splitting, there is some suggestion that this arises in early childhood as a coping mechanism.’
    • ‘The Iraqi people must have an effective mechanism to bring complaints against soldiers who abuse their human rights.’
    • ‘There is now no doubt that natural selection is a mechanism of evolutionary change.’
    • ‘Extensive investigations have failed to detect such a mechanism of gene transfer in crop plants.’
    • ‘It is an uncertainty she lives with every day, but her coping mechanisms have got better over the years.’
    • ‘Rather, they encourage the body's own healing mechanisms to restore its natural equilibrium.’
    • ‘The conference also established the mechanism through which the Alliance would operate.’
    • ‘A plebiscite process is a democratic mechanism to ensure that the people get to choose.’
    procedure, process, system, operation, method, technique, workings, means, medium, agency, channel, channels, vehicle, structure
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A contrivance in the plot of a literary work.
      ‘his Irma La Douce is a musical based on the farce mechanism’
      • ‘For novelists more interested in reanimating history, the varieties of his characters' personal languages, and the double-plot mechanism of the history plays themselves, modelled ways of representing the imagined past.’
      • ‘The internal struggles of the group are hopelessly dramatised, reading off like the plot mechanisms that they are.’
      • ‘Shakespeare uses all the mechanisms of alienation, including self-conscious reference to the theatrical situation, interpolated songs, and schematic or symbolic representation of abstract ideas.’
  • 3Philosophy
    The doctrine that all natural phenomena, including life and thought, allow mechanical explanation by physics and chemistry.

    • ‘For Bergson, it is because the scientific pursuit is based on the principle of mechanism.’
    • ‘Much of this controversy stemmed from the argument of mechanism versus vitalism.’
    • ‘It was based on antiquated natural history; he was unaffected by mechanism or Newtonianism.’
    • ‘It is a different type of physics than that peddled by mechanism.’
    • ‘Yet mechanism and postmodernism are linked by a common distrust of human subjectivity.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from modern Latin mechanismus, from Greek mēkhanē (see machine).

Pronunciation:

mechanism

/ˈmekəˌnizəm/