One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A member of either of two peoples of western Angola (sometimes distinguished as Mbundu and Ovimbundu).
- ‘The largest ethnic group is the Ovimbundu, comprising 37 percent of the population.’
- ‘The Nyemba people today include various clans and tribes of which the following are the more prominent: Cokwe, Ovimbundu, Luvale, Mbunda, Khankala, Jauma, and Luchazes.’
- ‘In the 19th century, following wars with the Ovimbundu, Ambo, Humbo, and Kuvale, the Portuguese began to exploit the mineral reserves of the hinterland.’
2Either of the Bantu languages of the Mbundu, often distinguished as Umbundu (related to Herero) and Kimbundu (related to Kikongo).
- ‘Thus people taken prisoner after Angola's independence had to learn Umbundu.’
- ‘Six of the Bantu languages were selected as national languages: Chokwe, Kikongo, Kimbundo, Mbunda, Oxikuanyama, and Umbundu.’
- ‘We designed standardised questionnaires in Portuguese and Umbundu and piloted them among displaced families north of Luanda before the survey began.’
- ‘But this means that we should expect that dozens of other Black English words had been traced to, say, Bambara, Mende, Twi, Yoruba, Efik, Umbundu, and so on.’
- ‘Portuguese is the official language, although 95 percent of Angolans speak Ovimbundu, Mbundu, Kongo, Chokwe, and other languages.’
Relating to the Mbundu or their languages.
- ‘The Kongo, Ndongo, and Ovimbundu kingdoms had early contact with the Portuguese, who in the sixteenth century created colonies on the coast.’
- ‘In the Mbundu ethnic group, a daughter joins her husband in his village, and a son joins his uncle's (mother's brother's) village.’
- ‘While in his early days he had enjoyed some support among his own Ovimbundu people, by this time he was reduced to naked coercion.’
- ‘The word Ngangela is derived from the Umbundu word which means, ‘from the east.’’
- ‘Within the Angolan context, she describes how colonial rule upset the local naming system in the Ovimbundu cultures, as it privileged patrilineal over matrilineal naming systems.’
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