Definition of mask in English:

mask

noun

  • 1A covering for all or part of the face, worn as a disguise, or to amuse or terrify other people.

    • ‘It gave me a start, but I soon noticed that it was a very ornate mask.’
    • ‘Disguising myself with this mask would be the key to winning Leah back!’
    • ‘On her face is a domino mask decorated to look like a bird's face and beak.’
    • ‘Here the players designed and constructed their own masks.’
    • ‘Two other men, both wearing masks, then jumped in.’
    • ‘Here is a bus full of them wearing identical masks; this same mask shows up often, but I have no idea what it depicts.’
    • ‘Closer to me were two children, also wearing masks.’
    • ‘In the middle of this smoky, beery evening, a tall, lanky figure walks onstage wearing a grotesque hare-lipped mask.’
    • ‘She flipped down the veil on her mask, looking fretfully at the figure ahead of her.’
    • ‘She recognised it the moment she saw it - her white porcelain mask for the Moonlight Festival.’
    • ‘Even bandanas, which could be used as masks, are discouraged.’
    • ‘The colourful use of masks, live music and puppets, both large and small, are used to illustrate this fun, clever and moving story.’
    • ‘He pulls off his coat and mask, revealing the usual flapped-open pants, and smiles broadly.’
    • ‘This one night, my rat head mask shifted and I couldn't see anything, so I just ran onstage and tried to do the part.’
    • ‘She opened her dresser drawer and pulled out a black and silver mask.’
    • ‘Guests were asked to come along in fancy dress or carry an eye mask.’
    • ‘He gave a soft chuckle and his light eyes made his silver mask less frightening.’
    • ‘To frighten his enemies, he began to wear a fearsome mask when he went into battle.’
    • ‘The masks and disguises donned by nearly every character in the play create a dizzying parody of both the theatre itself and society.’
    • ‘As the interior dome light went on, Ford caught a glimpse of a white ceramic mask on the disembarking passenger.’
    • ‘He left just 25 tiny flakes of skin on a woman's stocking which he wore as a mask then discarded in a stolen getaway car.’
    • ‘Even the tots wore their costumes and enjoyed the fun, peering through their grotesque masks, and frightening their elders.’
    • ‘The device beeped twice as the display lit up, revealing the face of a young woman in a domino mask.’
    • ‘Some put on frightening masks, some had their faces tattooed with scary figures while a few had horns growing out of their heads.’
    • ‘A strange sackcloth mask with two slit-like eyeholes is pulled over his head.’
    • ‘The only way to differentiate between them was their domino masks.’
    • ‘This crest mask represents a woman and is worn with a white mesh suit, which extends over the head of the masquerader.’
    • ‘Rumor also has it that he was smiling wildly underneath his catcher's mask.’
    • ‘The expensive, bought costumes and masks are very often inappropriate and can genuinely frighten smaller children, she adds.’
    • ‘I reached over and yanked the man's mask off of his head, then stood back and regarded his face with curiosity.’
    • ‘Soon, the assassin reveals herself as female wearing a black leather mask as she runs out carrying the gun that she used.’
    • ‘It promises to be a wacky race featuring disguises and masks and neo-virginal veils of innocence.’
    • ‘Men wearing masks dance among them in an attempt to frighten the child, who has to walk clockwise through this scene of carnage.’
    • ‘The trademark seems to be a big fawn dog with a black facial mask.’
    • ‘If you see anybody wearing any kind of mask or disguise this Halloween, call the Police on them as soon as possible.’
    • ‘Wearing a white, knitted mask, he moved with an impish, cartoonlike quality.’
    • ‘She topped her satiny black boudoir gown of her design with a magnificent feathery headdress and mask.’
    • ‘But I agree no matter how much it stinks, I'll be there for the opening matinee geeked out wearing a trench coat with cowprint mask.’
    • ‘I opened the box, and showed him the black fuzzy wrist and ankle cuffs with matching black fuzzy eye-covering mask.’
    • ‘Every sort of mask was laid out, kings, princesses, cows, snakes, skeletons, cats and even a lovely ballerina.’
    disguise, veil, false face, domino, stocking mask, fancy dress
    View synonyms
  • 2A covering made of fiber or gauze and fitting over the nose and mouth to protect against dust or air pollutants, or made of sterile gauze and worn to prevent infection of the wearer or (in surgery) of the patient.

    • ‘Whether a surgical mask or something even more sophisticated could protect you is unclear.’
    • ‘Patients should wear a mask during transport from the ward to the surgical suite, if possible.’
    • ‘His mission accomplished, he covered his mouth and nose with a mask and entered the room.’
    • ‘As he was an habitual wearer of a dust mask, it is far from clear to me why this adjustment was made.’
    • ‘Precautions for droplet infection should be instituted, including the wearing of masks and rigorous disinfection and hygiene procedures.’
    • ‘When health workers come into contact with suspected cases they and the patients will wear surgical masks.’
    • ‘If any visitor or family member has an illness, either the patient or the ill person should wear a mask.’
    • ‘Unless a mask is worn, blood or other secretions from the patient can enter the surgeon's mouth, maximising the chances of infection.’
    • ‘Throughout lower Manhattan, rescue workers and police officers wore surgical masks to protect them from the dust.’
    • ‘The surgical mask serves to collect bacteria from the nasopharyngeal airway of the wearer.’
    • ‘Staff members caring for the patient and those cleaning the room must wear fit-tested masks.’
    • ‘Wear a protective mask, covering nose and mouth, to decrease the percentage of polluted air breathed.’
    • ‘The gauze mask helped protect her burned face until she could receive treatment in hospital.’
    • ‘Sometimes patients complain it is hard to breath with the white masks.’
    • ‘You should wear eye goggles, a mask over your nose and mouth, and rubber or latex gloves.’
    • ‘She pulled her hair into a medical hat and applied a mask on her nose and mouth.’
    • ‘Worn correctly, the mask should cover the nose with the metal band contouring to the bridge of the nose.’
    • ‘Perhaps surgical masks also should be standard wear for patients.’
    • ‘An example of this occurred when a company was asked to compare the resistance of several surgical masks to blood penetration.’
    • ‘Then, if a patient is asked to wear a mask while the physician rules out an infection of concern, it will not be a new concept to the patient.’
    matte, photomask, shadow mask, masking, masking tape
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A protective covering fitting over the whole face, worn in fencing, ice hockey, and other sports.
      • ‘Last of all, she put on the fencing mask, through which she could see Victoria, but her face wouldn't get hit.’
      • ‘The catcher throws his mask off and he's not sure where the ball is.’
      • ‘The fencing mask gives a good level of visibility, can be removed quickly if grappling happens.’
      • ‘Only recently were the protective outfits and masks adopted by fencers.’
      • ‘There are no problems with his level of fitness but this is a facial injury and the mask might speed up his return.’
      • ‘The umpire took his mask off and gave me a look, knowing that it was a purpose pitch.’
      • ‘He once stepped onto the ice for practice, wearing nothing but a mask and his skates.’
      • ‘There may even be hostility between the goalies that even their masks can't hide.’
      • ‘Giants catcher Hank Gowdy, however, stumbled over his mask and dropped the ball.’
      • ‘Edwards appeared at the podium wearing his number 59 Chargers jersey and a football mask.’
      • ‘The Ukranian marksman seems reluctant to play with a protective mask, and will in all probability miss out to be replaced again by Jon Dahl Tomasson.’
      • ‘But he also noted that catchers didn't always wear masks, and neither did hockey goaltenders.’
      • ‘The French fencing master La Boessiere invented the fencing mask, allowing a much safer bout.’
      • ‘She was in a fencing outfit, so they couldn't see her face, because of the fencing mask.’
      • ‘Players sport masks that discourage even traces of light from influencing them.’
      face mask, protective mask, gas mask, oxygen mask, fencing mask, iron mask, ski mask, dust mask
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 A respirator used to filter inhaled air or to supply gas for inhalation.
      • ‘After surgery oxygen-enriched air can be provided via a mask.’
      • ‘An ambulance crew or doctor arriving at the scene will give oxygen through a mask or nose tubes to increase the amount reaching the heart.’
      • ‘Or you might try a nebulized form of the anesthetic lidocaine, which you inhale through a mask as a fine mist.’
      • ‘For this treatment, you will wear a mask over your nose during sleep that blows air into your throat at a pressure level that is right for you.’
      • ‘If the child has cyanosis, they may need to receive extra oxygen through a mask.’
      • ‘A plastic mask covered her mouth and nose, feeding oxygen to her in her oblivion.’
      • ‘When Rees was giving birth, she was close to blacking out from pain and turned to reach for the mask supplying a painkilling gas.’
      • ‘The fan is powered and configured with the exterior of the filter body to aid in drawing air through the filter media of the mask.’
      • ‘A mask connected to a small air supply had been strapped harshly over her face.’
      • ‘For this treatment, a patient will wear a mask over their nose during sleep that blows air into their throat at a pressure level that is right for them.’
      • ‘The oxygen is breathed in through tubes that you put in your nose or through a mask that goes over your mouth and nose.’
      • ‘Jemma said she wanted to be injected, but on the morning of her operation this proved difficult and she had to inhale anaesthetic via a mask.’
      • ‘The device works by converting medication into a mist and delivering it through a mask that you wear over your nose and mouth.’
      • ‘He activates a control on his belt and activates his mask's infrared filter.’
      • ‘He had grown used to it, at least when he had his mask and filters that allowed him to breathe.’
      • ‘When you need to use a dust mask or respirator, be sure to use the right one for the job.’
      • ‘The flow rate of fixed concentration masks should be adjusted for patients with high peak inspiratory flows.’
      • ‘High risk of exposure to an unknown or known agent may necessitate that an N95 respirator mask be used.’
      • ‘Always wear a dust mask or respirator when using a sander to prevent inhalation of sawdust.’
      • ‘Other treatments that work for some people are breathing oxygen through a mask or using a numbing medicine in the nose.’
  • 3A cosmetic preparation spread over the face and left for some time to cleanse and improve the skin.

    • ‘The Super food Antioxidant Masque is a super-antioxidant face masque that combines two super foods – Blueberries and Pomegranate – and has been developed to help minimise the negative effects of sun damaged skin.’
    • ‘This is a natural soft face masque containing an extract of brewers' yeast which is applied to the whole face.’
    • ‘A chocolate face masque made with organic cocoa is simply amazing for your skin.’
    • ‘This is the best face masque I have ever used.’
    • ‘I was ready to put my peeling face masque on. It smells like cucumber (funnily enough!) and is really sticky.’
  • 4A likeness of a person's face in clay or wax, especially one made by taking a mold from the face.

    • ‘Ghanaians do not make or use masks, but there are some funerary effigies in clay.’
    • ‘The last three chapters are divided according to animal figures, human forms, and masks.’
    • ‘The thing about the mask that looks odd to me is that the sculpted eyes look a bit too far apart, giving him a vaguely alien appearance.’
    • ‘Dotted around the pitch-black stage, they appear to be sculpted masks on to which moving faces are projected.’
    • ‘There are several different versions of Napoleon's death mask in circulation - after his death many people, including hero-worshippers, wanted to own a copy.’
    • ‘There are also some representations of fish and human masks.’
    • ‘They have already moulded masks and now want to paint them all.’
    1. 4.1 A person's face regarded as having set into a particular expression.
      ‘his face was a mask of rage’
      • ‘His face wore a strange expression, a mask of anger and determination.’
      • ‘It may have been hidden under a mask of fear but it was there.’
      • ‘She looked slightly aghast at his words, but any real emotion she hid behind a mask of silent fury.’
      • ‘The mask of anger is easier to show than the mask of hurt.’
      • ‘Slight anger crossed his face before he hid it under a mask of amusement.’
      • ‘Tom sighed slightly, his expression in its cold mask, not showing the annoyance he felt.’
      • ‘Her eyes were glowing white and her face was a hideous mask of rage.’
      • ‘If at any time he is stuck between a crowd of the opposite gender, he will give himself a mask of blank expression.’
      • ‘The old woman pulled her face into a mask of almost no expression at all.’
      • ‘No more will I worry or hide behind the mask of anger or neutral emotions.’
      • ‘The man named Sephiroth faltered, watching her walk away, and his mask of rage fell into confusion.’
      • ‘It wasn't the cold expression he was always showing in front of her but the mask of true and authentic fury.’
      • ‘Ash's face finally went from a mask to a pained expression.’
      • ‘Her beautiful face was twisted into a mask of rage and she was continually shouting obscenities at us in that terrible voice.’
      • ‘Cathy's face screws up into a mask of rage, and Emily gasps beneath her white-knuckled grip.’
    2. 4.2 A hollow model of a human head worn by ancient Greek and Roman actors.
      • ‘The use of masks in Greek theatre was normal, reducing audience confusion when an actor played several roles.’
      • ‘On the shield is the Bath Gorgon, a Medusa mask perhaps representing a water god.’
      • ‘Wax masks were worn by Roman actors in funeral processions and were kept in a special shrine in Roman houses.’
      • ‘In fact, on occasion her face looks like a mask out of some classical Greek tragedy - Wilde would probably have approved.’
    3. 4.3 The face or head of an animal, especially of a fox, as a hunting trophy.
      • ‘A friend has left me a fox mask with an inscription to say that it was caught by the Hunt in 1936.’
    4. 4.4archaic A masked person.
  • 5A manner or expression that hides one's true character or feelings; a pretense.

    ‘she let her mask of moderate respectability slip’
    • ‘It helped me to escape my feelings, it was my mask, I could hide behind it.’
    • ‘By now, she knew she could no longer hide from her true feelings, donning a mask of self-denial.’
    • ‘I'm not going to stand behind the social mask and pretend that everything is OK when it's not.’
    • ‘He is certainly composed but beneath the mask of elegant good manners the man is a bundle of nerves.’
    • ‘Only at home did he remove the mask of the iron autocrat and become a warm personality.’
    • ‘This is no time for wearing the shallow mask of manners.’
    • ‘Many of the characters within the play hide behind a mask of falseness.’
    • ‘To me they were I realise now a mask to hide behind.’
    • ‘The carefree, friendly man returned, but I knew it was a mask to hide the turmoil.’
    • ‘But the offer is vetoed by Finn, who alone sees the ugly fascist behind The Man's smooth mask of respectability.’
    • ‘The best analogy I can think of is that I was looking for a mask to conceal my true feelings.’
    • ‘He manages to portray the sensitive man under the sadistic mask by tonal inflections and body language, admirably.’
    • ‘Personal conflict chipped away at the mask that hid her true persona from the world.’
    • ‘Hidden beneath the mask of apathy, there is an unsuspected energy and a great human, moral and spiritual charge.’
    • ‘Try as we might to pretend otherwise, the mask of polite discourse had been shattered.’
    • ‘Through this show I am hoping that people will realise that it is okay to be who we are, we don't have to wear masks and pretend to be people that we are not.’
    • ‘Being smartly dressed not only allows a man to be elegant and appear important but it also gives him a mask to hide behind and perform in.’
    • ‘When we don the mask of sanity and hide our true feelings from each other, we also avoid having to face up to our moral complicity in the bombings.’
    • ‘He was used to Kenny's mood swings and this enabled him to hide behind a mask of tranquillity.’
    • ‘Of course, everyone wearing masks that hid their true intentions didn't help much.’
    • ‘At least the womenfolk didn't hide their feelings behind masks of stone.’
    • ‘The problem with him is he is a liberal who has put on the mask of moderation.’
    • ‘But behind all the masks, even camouflaged, he cannot hide from the truth.’
    • ‘We all wear masks in real life, when dealing with others, and the internet provides us with a more effective one, as we project a chosen image through our computer.’
    pretence, semblance, veil, screen, front, false front, facade, veneer, blind, false colours, disguise, guise, concealment, cover, cover-up, cloak, camouflage
    View synonyms
  • 6Photography
    A piece of something, such as a card, used to cover a part of an image that is not required when exposing a print.

    • ‘If a diffused edge is preferred on the image, the mask can be placed on top of the glass rather than under it.’
    • ‘You may notice that the entire image has the unsharp mask applied to it beforehand.’
    • ‘The images are quite large (600x400 pixels), but when you load the masks, they conform to the size of your photo.’
    • ‘The Unsharp Mask is an old photography trick that has become available to ‘the common man’ through the introduction of digital editing tools.’
    • ‘In this tutorial we will be focusing on how we can create a photo mask from a new document.’
  • 7Electronics
    A patterned metal film used in the manufacture of microcircuits to allow selective modification of the underlying material.

    • ‘The first barrier layer is selectively removed using an etch that is selective to the hard mask layer.’
    • ‘Typical masks are made of metal patterns deposited on glass and have no internal plumbing.’
    • ‘The cells are doped with N type dopants by using the photo-resist regions as masks.’
  • 8Entomology
    The enlarged lower lip of a dragonfly larva, which can be extended to seize prey.

    • ‘Dragonfly larvae possess a highly specialized mouthpart, known as the labial mask, which can be extended rapidly to grab prey such as small animals.’
    • ‘The larvae of the emperor dragonfly are themselves voracious predators, armed with fearsome mouthparts known as a 'mask'.’
    • ‘When a prey is in sight, the mask is thrust forward and the prey instantly impaled on the hooks, then drawn back to the mouth and eaten.’
    • ‘It's very dramatic as the dragonfly larva has an extraordinary labial mask mounted underneath its face - like a gigantically extended lower lip with claws on the end which come whizzing out and grab the bloodworm.’
    • ‘The moment that the larva approaches near enough to its prey, the innocent looking mask is unfolded and darted out, and the unsuspecting aquatic insect or small fish is seized by the teeth at the extremity and drawn back into its mouth.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cover (the face) with a mask.

    • ‘The cape was masking her face and hair colour and the horse was trotting along the street with little pace.’
    • ‘A few masked homogeneous faces around her made it clear that it was no dream.’
    • ‘He had a piece of dark material masking his face and was wearing a black, cotton casual jacket.’
    • ‘In the very front of the gym, a man in a black cloak stood at a podium, the hook masking his face.’
    • ‘His face was masked by a grey scarf and dark woollen hat and he was wearing dark trousers, a dark knee-length coat and black trainers with white stripes.’
    • ‘Black feathers sprout from her head and, like the bird, she is masked with bits of torn fabric bound around her eyes.’
    • ‘Witnesses described seeing the prisoners handed to US agents whose faces were masked by hoods.’
    • ‘The rider's features couldn't be seen because of the large cloak masking its face.’
    • ‘After it was settled, the fighters at the shrine removed the bandanas that had masked their faces and slipped away into the city's maze of alleyways.’
    • ‘For example, masking a patient who is morbidly obese is difficult because of the need for high pressure to overcome the weight of the chest and abdomen when the patient is supine.’
    • ‘On the video, the unknown man's face is masked with a scarf and sunglasses.’
    • ‘The young Spellweaver could barely make out his face, which was masked by a full visor.’
    • ‘Their faces were masked by the thick helmets that enveloped their heads.’
    • ‘In some of the raids the man masked his face with dark sunglasses, a baseball cap, a hood and a newspaper.’
    • ‘He opened his eyes for he wished to see his face but his face too was masked like the other men but he knew this man wasn't his enemy.’
    hide, conceal, disguise, cover up, obscure, screen, cloak, camouflage, veil, mantle, blanket, enshroud
    View synonyms
  • 2Conceal (something) from view.

    ‘the poplars masked a factory’
    • ‘This one was brick and stone laid with crawling ivy masking most of the surface area.’
    • ‘The bright blue of the river masked the pollution and it sparkled in the sunlight.’
    • ‘The double doors were missing, a fine veil of rainwater masking the entryway.’
    • ‘The cellar door had masked what was an underground subway of some sort.’
    • ‘Trees masking cameras will be pruned to improve the view and community groups such as Homewatch will be developed.’
    • ‘The mast rose up behind it, pointing to the sun above and masked only by dense shoals of damselfish, a fantastic sight.’
    • ‘Special camouflage makeup can mask most bruising that still remains.’
    • ‘They could not see the anger etched on the man's face due to the shadows masking him.’
    • ‘They began their ascent again as he stepped back and let the shadows mask him.’
    • ‘As she draws close to the Sun she disappears from view in her helical setting, circling the Earth invisibly masked by the Sun's light.’
    • ‘Depending on design, they can mask undesirable sights or highlight attractive views.’
    • ‘It's the kind of ground that can remain soft even in winter, when early snows mask a far-from-frozen running surface.’
    • ‘His muscular frame, although masked by his black nightshirt, was still clearly visible.’
    • ‘He could hardly hear the sound of her footsteps, and somehow, she masked her prints in the grass.’
    • ‘Your GP can prescribe camouflage creams to mask disfigurement of the skin.’
    • ‘On their own, trellises are also a great way of softening an area or masking a drab concrete wall.’
    • ‘She masked herself from view as she went through a hallway and entered a large bright room.’
    • ‘And now… the shiny wooden floor, smart servery and coloured drapes masking the old roof lights all make for an attractive, modern appearance.’
    • ‘She opened her eyes to see a man's tall, slender frame filling the door, masked by shadows.’
    • ‘Other than those tiny stands, the area in front of him was masked by a thick darkness.’
    hide, conceal, disguise, cover up, obscure, screen, cloak, camouflage, veil, mantle, blanket, enshroud
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Disguise or hide (a sensation or quality)
      ‘brandy did not completely mask the bitter taste’
      • ‘Cooks have been wielding spices for centuries, from preserving foods with them to masking smells and flavors in meats that were less than fresh.’
      • ‘Venezia's version was overly sweet and lemony, masking the rich flavour of mascarpone.’
      • ‘With the alcohol flavor masking taste, there were no discernible differences between the study medication and placebo.’
      • ‘Complex in flavours and well balanced in terms of sweet and savoury as well as texture, the food never masks an ingredient.’
      • ‘As soon as he opened the arena door leading into the stable, nothing could mask that unmistakable smell.’
      • ‘Instead, the smells of produce and horses were prevalent, masking every other odor, pleasant or not.’
      • ‘Adding water from home to the water at the show grounds may mask the smell and taste of the local water and make it more palatable to your horse.’
      • ‘Powdered GHB is colorless and odorless but has a salty taste that is often masked by mixing it in fruit punches.’
      • ‘White noise was also presented over whole-ear headphones to mask completely any sounds made by the tactile stimuli.’
      • ‘With every dish, I strive to achieve a balance of flavours, enhancing the individual tastes and textures of ingredients without masking or overpowering any of them.’
      • ‘Generally, the gut-rotting base wine should have been poured away long ago, and the spice is used to mask revolting flavours and aromas.’
      • ‘Fat and oil sticks to and coats the tongue, enhancing perceptions of smoothness, but also masking and altering taste perceptions.’
      • ‘It was made from crushed herbs, wild flowers and leaves, again hiding them from view, but also masking their scent.’
      • ‘She stood in full public view on the pavement and sprayed herself from top to bottom with the fake scent, masking one unpleasant smell with another, then shuffled off in the general direction of the tube station.’
      • ‘Some people object to its bitter taste, even masked with fruit flavoring.’
      • ‘The gustatory faults of a low-quality wine can be masked by serving it very cool.’
      • ‘She sprayed herself with the deodorant in one of the shelves, and smiled, knowing the smell of sweat was at least masked by vanilla now.’
      • ‘The coffee in the kiosk there is always way too hot, a tactic often used to mask the flavour of cheap, nasty coffee.’
      • ‘The unpleasant salty or soapy taste may be masked in flavored or alcoholic beverages.’
      • ‘The garlic wasn't strong enough to mask a slightly fishy flavour, but that didn't detract.’
      hide, conceal, disguise, cover up, obscure, screen, cloak, camouflage, veil, mantle, blanket, enshroud
      View synonyms
  • 3Cover (an object or surface) so as to protect it from a process, especially painting.

    ‘mask off doors and cupboards with sheets of plastic’
    • ‘The first step was to mask off an area around the metal cut-out, making sure that the spacing was even all the way around.’
    • ‘Masking tape takes ages to apply, it never comes off cleanly and it doesn't even mask off wet paint effectively.’
    • ‘I cleaned all the parts completely and prepared for masking.’
    • ‘Mask off the stencil with masking tape or more paper so that everywhere that you don't want pigment to pass through is masked off.’
    • ‘The next morning we masked off the baseboards, doors, and windows with plastic and proceeded with staining.’
    matte, photomask, shadow mask, masking, masking tape
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: from French masque, from Italian maschera, mascara, probably from medieval Latin masca ‘witch, specter’, but influenced by Arabic masḵara ‘buffoon’.

Pronunciation

mask

/mask//mæsk/