Definition of Maratha in US English:


(also Mahratta)


  • A member of the princely and military castes of the former Hindu kingdom of Maharashtra in central India.

    • ‘Zulfikar Ali Khan who persevered to overthrow the Marathas, was made the first Nawab of the Carnatic in 1690 with control over all the territories south of the Krishna.’
    • ‘It fails to record as to how and why the Marathas, Jats, Sikhs and others rose in revolt.’
    • ‘There is acute struggle for political, social and cultural supremacy between various castes in India and in Maharashtra particularly between the Brahmins and Marathas.’
    • ‘The Marathas aside, the British were very nervous about Tipu's success and never ceased their complicity against him.’
    • ‘It was during his reign that the Hindu Marathas became active in the north-western Deccan (modern Maharashtra state) under their dynamic leader Shivaji.’
    • ‘In the eighteenth century, many Rajput states came under control of Marathas and, by the early nineteenth century, the British.’
    • ‘Yet, just 10 years later, the Marathas inflicted on the Britishers, what was probably the biggest defeat they ever faced in India.’
    • ‘He maintained cordial relations with the Moguls, the British, the Marathas and every power.’
    • ‘After one of the wars, the victorious Marathas decided to honour a valiant British officer who died in action.’
    • ‘Gond groups that have been influenced by northern peoples such as Marathas, however, follow northern customs in determining marriage partners.’
    • ‘Hindu Marathas rise up and control another large section of India.’
    • ‘In the north, Bengalis, Kashmiris, Punjabis, Gujaratis, Rajputs, and Marathas are among the prominent groups.’
    • ‘The British were much more disciplined and organized than the Marathas, the people they finally conquered.’
    • ‘The Marathas built this in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the city still retains its ancient, ageless character.’
    • ‘His orthodoxy had alienated large sections of the population which were hitherto allied to or at peace with the Mughals, among these were the Marathas, the Sikhs and the Rajputs.’
    • ‘In the shrine of Lord Chandramouleeswarar, the tutelary deity of the Marathas, the priests intone the mantras as the lingam is bathed in milk, sandalwood paste and water.’
    • ‘What better way to round off the celebrations than with a Maratha pageant to capture the valour of the great Marathas!’
    • ‘The British finally defeated the Marathas and established themselves in the Red Fort by early nineteenth century when the British resident became the de facto ruler of Delhi.’
    • ‘It was fought against the Mahrattas, a formidable Hindu confederacy of warriors and marauders who dominated much of Central India.’
    • ‘But Cornwallis hemmed him in by securing the military co-operation of the Nizam and the Marathas in 1792, and Wellesley cut short his experiments in 1799.’


Via Hindi from Sanskrit Mahārāṣṭra ‘great kingdom’.