Definition of Maithili in US English:



  • A Bihari language spoken in northern Bihar, elsewhere in India, and in Nepal.

    • ‘In India, for instance, Maithili was claimed as a mother tongue by over 6 million people in the 1971 census.’
    • ‘All of our Maithili translators are mother tongue speakers who live in-country.’
    • ‘These are as important contribution to the Maithili literature as are the writings of upper caste.’
    • ‘For ‘Chitchor’ I had to sing in Maithili language, which is one of the native languages of Bihar.’
    • ‘With the help of my respondents I have classified Maithili folksongs into seven groups elaborated below.’


Sanskrit (as an adjective), from Mithilā, a place in northern Bihar.