Definition of maintain in English:

maintain

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cause or enable (a condition or state of affairs) to continue.

    ‘the need to maintain close links between industry and schools’
    • ‘He added that pressure needed to be maintained to ensure the plan was delivered.’
    • ‘He blamed the residents' poor health on the lack of measures to maintain sanitary conditions in the mining field.’
    • ‘The dance performance just set the mood and the momentum was well maintained with a series of items.’
    • ‘One must, he told me, always maintain a harmonious balance among these.’
    • ‘Live colonies and their gardens were maintained at room temperature in artificial colony chambers.’
    • ‘Governments don't always maintain the integrity of the sites they own.’
    • ‘She has suggested set standards that should be maintained to ensure outbreaks do not occur.’
    • ‘It will try to ensure that the right conditions are maintained to stimulate continued growth in the sector.’
    • ‘While spectacular, the architecture also maintains a harmonious balance with the superb exhibition content.’
    • ‘Strict control should be maintained to ensure as far as possible the safety of men and women.’
    • ‘Their intimidation tactics too often succeed, and the rental board authorities only maintain their status quo.’
    • ‘It is hoped that a dialogue with the Trust can be maintained and that the situation will be resolved fairly.’
    • ‘Sino-Japanese cooperation will undoubtedly continue to aid in maintaining peace and stability in the Korean peninsula.’
    • ‘The production by Nicolas Kent and Sacha Wares scrupulously maintains this balance between the local and the general.’
    • ‘They fell still, if only for a moment, in deference, but could not maintain their composure long.’
    • ‘Predictably, the conditions of the American movements could not be maintained for any period of time.’
    • ‘You are able to maintain stability in professional situations and retain a position of authority!’
    • ‘Metal also maintains its structural integrity even when wind speeds reach hurricane levels.’
    • ‘Pupae were transferred to adult cohort cages maintained under optimal environmental conditions.’
    • ‘The government plans to maintain its control long enough to restore its profitability then sell it off to big business.’
    continue, keep, keep going, keep up, keep alive, keep in existence, carry on, preserve, conserve, prolong, perpetuate, sustain, prop up, retain, support, bear
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    1. 1.1 Keep (something) at the same level or rate.
      ‘agricultural prices will have to be maintained’
      • ‘Drug addiction in Shanghai has maintained a rapid growth rate, with the number of young drug-takers growing the fastest.’
      • ‘Bring to a boil, reduce the heat, and maintain at a simmer.’
      • ‘In between meals she maintains her sugar levels by eating a piece of fruit or vegetable sticks.’
      • ‘The Council said if the current rate of development was maintained in excess of 300 million would be received over a seven-year period.’
      • ‘The slides were air dried after sorting and maintained at room temperature until use.’
      • ‘Conceived in 1997, the agency has maintained an impressive growth rate of 40 per cent per annum.’
      • ‘Wardens at English Heritage properties will maintain summer staffing levels to cope with the extra week of additional visitors.’
      • ‘Respiratory rate was adjusted to maintain minute volume at prerandomization levels.’
      • ‘The rate of dextrose infusion needed to maintain stable blood glucose levels was monitored.’
      • ‘Many retailers have only maintained sales levels by significantly reducing gross margins.’
      • ‘The vast majority of companies are either increasing employment or maintaining it at current levels.’
      • ‘They excelled at the highest level and always maintained a high standard of sportsmanship.’
      • ‘The dedicated fans maintained their frenzy levels all night, making it near impossible to take photos.’
      • ‘ACT is opposed to maintaining income tax rates at their present level when the Government has nearly an $8 billion surplus.’
      • ‘Tissue storage records should document that refrigerated grafts are maintained at a certain temperature.’
      • ‘The increase was maintained for a period of more than 20 min.’
      • ‘The coliseum looks unbelievably real, and I can't believe the level of detail we were able to attain while maintaining a fast frame rate.’
      • ‘A high level of humidity is maintained in the chamber.’
      • ‘Its high potassium, phosphorus and calcium help maintain high energy levels.’
      • ‘It is vital that this high level of confidence is maintained.’
    2. 1.2 Keep (a building, machine, or road) in good condition or in working order by checking or repairing it regularly.
      • ‘It's worth stopping by to check out the meticulously maintained vintage wheels.’
      • ‘Costs to maintain existing equipment and code will begin to cost more than buying new systems.’
      • ‘On top of these figures, council continues to service loans for the library facilities and maintain the buildings.’
      • ‘The operator will have responsibility for building and maintaining the M1 roadway scheme over a 30-year period.’
      • ‘The property has been well maintained by the current owners and comes to the market in walk-in condition.’
      • ‘He notes that the building is maintained in good condition.’
      • ‘Local school boards are also looking for funds to maintain existing facilities and build new ones.’
      • ‘Mark describes himself as a ‘grease monkey’, responsible for maintaining the machines in the factory.’
      • ‘They all have their place in today's world, but unfortunately computers cannot repair and maintain homes.’
      • ‘In the meantime it would repair and maintain the crumbling buildings.’
      • ‘Money raised from its sale will go towards maintaining Castle Howard.’
      • ‘The gardens which surround Ambleside have been very well maintained by the current owners.’
      • ‘All the records of the activities are maintained on a regular basis.’
      • ‘The School house will continue to be maintained in its present condition with no alterations to the present structure.’
      • ‘The innkeeper smiled at her when she appeared in the kitchen, and offered her a regular job maintaining his barn.’
      • ‘The boxes were maintained in a glasshouse and watered daily.’
      • ‘Neither side has the time or interest to maintain roads and buildings.’
      • ‘Money is also needed to maintain existing defences and pay for better flood forecasting.’
      • ‘Other old farm buildings are maintained / repaired as necessary to enhance and blend in old with new.’
      • ‘Was the upkeep of the Breakfast Shed fully maintained by the vendors or was it subsidised by my taxes?’
      keep in good condition, keep in repair, keep up, service, rebuild, conserve, preserve, keep intact, care for, take good care of, look after
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  • 2Provide with necessities for life or existence.

    ‘the allowance covers the basic costs of maintaining a child’
    • ‘The horses were maintained on this diet throughout the study.’
    • ‘They were maintained under standard conditions and were fed standard food and water ad libitum.’
    • ‘Animals were maintained on a standard laboratory diet.’
    support, provide for, keep, finance
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    1. 2.1 Keep (a military unit) supplied with equipment and other requirements.
      • ‘As a result, Sweden maintains three specialized units that can respond to this specific threat.’
      • ‘At the macrolevel, we won the Cold War by engaging in a long-term expenditure of resources while maintaining a large standing military.’
      • ‘In my humble view, the current mobilizations are a reminder of exactly why we maintain an Army reserve.’
      • ‘Plus, our reserve units are maintained and led by officers on active duty, not reserve officers, in peacetime.’
      • ‘However, like any military force today, maintaining a modern, well-equipped, and ready armed force is a challenge.’
      • ‘Even in peacetime, the day-to-day froth of maintaining a ready Army consumes an officer's intellectual capital.’
      • ‘The country maintains a large military force of 376,000 active and 1,657,000 reserve personnel.’
      • ‘We will maintain the necessary military forces in the country for so long as is required.’
      • ‘For example, could military forces have been maintained in the region throughout the summer?’
      • ‘Ankara maintains a 30,000 strong military force in northern Cyprus and continues to wield significant influence there.’
      • ‘Lack of funding hampered the force, for without money or men it could not maintain units.’
      • ‘Fixing a hollow force turned out to be a lot more expensive than just maintaining an adequate military.’
      • ‘Please let us know of your efforts to help train and maintain the Military Intelligence Corps.’
      • ‘And I think, in the end, the secretary is going to agree on many of our major points on maintaining the critical military base.’
      • ‘This meant that huge armies could be maintained at a fraction of the cost of a standing (full of active duty troops) army.’
      • ‘Each major political regime maintained its own separate military apparatus.’
      support, provide for, keep, finance
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    2. 2.2archaic Give one's support to; uphold.
      ‘the king swears he will maintain the laws of God’
      • ‘Will you to the utmost of your power maintain the laws of God?’
      uphold, defend, fight for, champion, support, back, advocate
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  • 3[reporting verb] State something strongly to be the case; assert.

    [with object] ‘he has always maintained his innocence’
    [with clause] ‘he had persistently maintained that he would not stand against his old friend’
    [with direct speech] ‘“It was not an ideology at all,” she maintained’
    • ‘He maintains that he always upheld the constitution and the norms of democracy.’
    • ‘We acknowledge that they will be maintaining that position, but we disagree with it.’
    • ‘Steele consistently maintained this position, during legal testimony, media appearances and in FBI interviews.’
    • ‘He's steadfastly maintained his innocence, claiming that hackers used his computer to commit the crimes.’
    • ‘He always maintained he acted in self-defence.’
    • ‘Stinchcomb considered these septate forms a distinct family and the authors maintain that position.’
    • ‘Third, the idea/expression distinction should be strongly and vigorously maintained.’
    • ‘He has steadfastly maintained his innocence since his arrest in 1981.’
    • ‘Ted had always maintained that aliens abducted her.’
    • ‘She steadfastly maintained her innocence.’
    • ‘Intentionally or not, this is a position McGann has consistently maintained.’
    • ‘I have always maintained that all protests should be acted upon so a precedent and case study is set for the future.’
    • ‘The Association has consistently maintained this position ever since.’
    • ‘The Board had always been maintaining that it would abide by the court verdict, whatever it might be.’
    • ‘Nothing about their philosophical positions requires them to maintain that extreme view.’
    • ‘The Government has consistently maintained a position in favour of New Zealand's antinuclear status for some 20 years now.’
    • ‘The Sheffield Brightside MP accepted the report last night, maintaining he had always ‘told the truth as I knew it’.’
    • ‘He persistently maintains that he has changed his ways and his getting on with his life.’
    • ‘He maintained that his position was one of pragmatism rather than principle.’
    • ‘Mrs Gaskin maintains that her husband always had access to their two children who had visited him regularly in jail.’
    declare, assert, protest, state, aver, say, announce, affirm, avow, profess, claim, allege, contend, argue, hold to
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Origin

Middle English (also in the sense practice (a good or bad action) habitually): from Old French maintenir, from Latin manu tenere hold in the hand.

Pronunciation:

maintain

/mānˈtān/