Definition of magnetism in English:



  • 1A physical phenomenon produced by the motion of electric charge, resulting in attractive and repulsive forces between objects.

    • ‘In many ways, dragging is to gravity what magnetism is to electricity.’
    • ‘When Faraday worked out electricity and magnetism he set into motion the electric age.’
    • ‘Relativity would arrive, not from concerns over the flaws in Newton's mechanics, but rather from contemplating the forces of electricity and magnetism as well as the mysteries of light.’
    • ‘In 1820 the Danish physicist H C Orsted produced experimental results on electricity and magnetism.’
    • ‘In 1821, Hans Oersted demonstrated that electricity and magnetism were interrelated.’
    • ‘Research into the apparently unrelated field of electricity and magnetism produced a startling confirmation of the wave theory of light.’
    • ‘The force of magnetism, or magnetic field, is much stronger at the magnet poles than around the equator.’
    • ‘Studying the interrelation of electricity and magnetism, Faraday struggled to explain how forces could act at a distance.’
    • ‘This force includes the magnetic effects of moving charges and underlies such everyday forces as friction and magnetism.’
    • ‘That same year, 1600, De Magnete was published, and was quickly accepted as the standard work on magnetism and electrical phenomena throughout Europe.’
    • ‘People with pacemakers and defibrillators who use arc welding devices and other kinds of heavy energy that involve magnetism or electricity tend to have problems.’
    • ‘Other images also surfaced from the Dance Lab experiments, including the opposing forces of magnetism and repulsion.’
    • ‘Isaac Newton had described gravity 200 years earlier; James Maxwell had explained the phenomena of electricity and magnetism with his equations in 1873.’
    • ‘Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism, for example, united the previously disjointed phenomena of electricity and magnetism.’
    • ‘Maxwell's theoretical unification of electricity and magnetism was engineered into the modern human power to communicate across space at the speed of light.’
    • ‘This work by Thomson in 1856 on electricity and magnetism is important for it was these ideas which led Maxwell to develop his remarkable new theory of electromagnetism.’
    • ‘The grand aim of De Magnete - to take magnetism beyond the simple use of the compass to find north - was not as successful as Gilbert and Wright had hoped.’
    • ‘Ampère proposed electrical currents in atoms to explain magnetism and Poisson showed how electrostatic induction could be explained by assuming atomic dipoles.’
    • ‘I mentioned to him that Einstein was very struck as a young high school student by Maxwell's equations, the laws of electricity and magnetism, and that they made a very deep impression on him.’
    • ‘In conventional magnets, magnetism is the result of electron spins lining up.’
  • 2The ability to attract and charm people.

    ‘his personal magnetism attracted men to the brotherhood’
    • ‘Jacques-Louis Lions was a man of considerable personal magnetism and charm, whose charisma, brilliance as a teacher, and accessibility attracted other to work with him.’
    • ‘Courage, personal magnetism and sharp intelligence combine to make these people brilliant leaders when it comes to the management and execution of original ideas.’
    • ‘Her warm personality and her maternal magnetism draws children near.’
    • ‘Still, personal magnetism and motivational esprit remain important qualifications for leadership in evangelical groups.’
    • ‘I stood transfixed, staring as he glowed with magnetism and enchanted charm.’
    • ‘Last year she was the most photographed woman athlete on the covers of sports magazines and her magnetism attracts people wherever she plays.’
    • ‘His quiet charisma and magnetism encourages loyalty.’
    • ‘With personal magnetism, only healthy, confident and successful people with be drawn to you and engage themselves in your life.’
    • ‘In addition he was endowed by a dynamic personality, buoyant spirit, and had immense personal magnetism, saintly kindliness and charity, displaying neither envy nor malice.’
    • ‘He had a sweet smile and good looks, but most of his magnetism came from his charm and wit.’
    • ‘People with warm hands have personal magnetism, vivacity, and strength of character.’
    • ‘He was one of those cats that just came along at the right time with an incredible gift, an incredible presence, an incredible magnetism that just dominated the entire rock-and-roll world.’
    • ‘All he needs is to exude a little persuasive magnetism - a characteristic he possesses in abundance.’
    • ‘He's as smooth as Thai silk in public, and his colleagues marvel at his personal magnetism, his 24/7 work ethic, and his rigorous attachment to benchmarks and targets.’
    • ‘She has a demeanor and magnetism that attracts individuals and makes them feel very comfortable in her presence.’
    • ‘He was one of the greatest artists ballet has ever produced, a dancer of exceptional ability and magnetism.’
    • ‘She was charming, with the indefinable magnetism certain older cultivated European women possess whether or not they were beauties in their youth.’
    • ‘With three years of top training that included practical experience coupled with the personal magnetism he had onstage, Sansom is well positioned for the next challenge of his career.’
    • ‘Professor Krebs's brilliant mind and personal magnetism have attracted numerous students to his laboratory.’
    • ‘Family and friends spoke of his humour, drive and magnetism at the funeral service in the packed church where a small Dublin suburban community gathered to pay their last respects.’
    allure, attraction, fascination, enchantment, appeal, draw, drawing power, pull, charm, seductiveness, sexual magnetism, animal magnetism, magic, spell, charisma
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Early 17th century: from modern Latin magnetismus, from Latin magneta (see magnet).