One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1treated as singular or plural An organized international body of criminals, operating originally in Sicily and now especially in Italy and the US and having a complex and ruthless behavioral code.
- ‘Where Mafia and drug barons rule, investigators of any kind become targets.’
- ‘In fact, he has stood trial from 1993 on charges of corruption and membership of the Mafia.’
- ‘Women in the Mafia have been documented as a rising trend in Italy's criminal underworld.’
- ‘He and several Sicilian businessmen are charged with running legitimate companies as fronts for the Mafia.’
- ‘The goal of the police campaign is to drive the Mafia out of the city and take Chicago back.’
- ‘Under Italian criminal law it is a criminal offence to be a member of the Mafia.’
- 1.1 Any organized group using extortion and other criminal methods.
- ‘There must be a solid hierarchy and system of protection safeguarded by organized crime syndicates or mafia.’
- ‘Often sex rackets and drug mafias operate under the veil of these centres.’
- ‘Large-scale embezzlement required experienced helpers, so criminal cooperatives appeared that tended to develop into so-called mafias.’
- ‘Smuggling, bribery, protection rackets and the rise of criminal mafias are some of the common symptoms of rigidly controlled economies.’
- ‘This milestone measure is a living tribute to the thousands of men and women who have lost their lives in pursuit of a world free of mafias, drug cartels and criminal gangs.’
- 1.2 A closed group of people in a particular field, having a controlling influence.‘the conservative top tennis mafia’
- ‘It looks to Bob like the pizza Mafia is out to get him, but the pizza parlors are victims too.’
- ‘Thieves, vandals, and con artists appeared, and online mafias emerged.’
- ‘Leaving the court mafia intact would make the fight against corruption useless.’
- ‘Non-governmental agencies should play a key role in working against forest mafias.’
- ‘Sandalwood mafias thrive due to the political patronage.’
Italian (Sicilian dialect), originally in the sense ‘bragging’.
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