Definition of macula in English:



  • 1Anatomy
    An oval yellowish area surrounding the fovea near the center of the retina in the eye, which is the region of keenest vision.

    • ‘Visual results are best if the retinal detachment is repaired before the macula (the center region of the retina responsible for fine, detailed vision) detaches.’
    • ‘If these patches become large and involve the very center of the macula (the fovea), the individual's visual acuity can fall to the point that they are considered legally blind.’
    • ‘The vision loss results from loss of function of the macula, the centre of the retina, which is responsible for central visual tasks such as reading, driving, and recognising faces.’
    • ‘The macula lutea or ‘yellow spot’ in the retina is responsible for central vision and visual acuity.’
    • ‘When we gaze directly at an object, we hold our eyes in such a position that the image of the object falls on the central, specialized region of the retina - the fovea or macula - where visual acuity and colour vision are best.’
  • 2

    another term for macule
    • ‘On examination, only pallor of mucosae and chronic orange‐purple tibial skin maculae were present.’
    • ‘We report here a 62-year-old seemingly healthy patient who presented with disseminated erythematous maculae.’
    • ‘The process is characterized by dirty grayish or ash-gray-colored maculae on the skin of the trunk and limbs.’
    spot, dot, fleck, mark, speck, speckle, smudge, splash, stain, macule
    View synonyms


Late Middle English: from Latin, spot.