Definition of Macedonian in English:



  • 1A native or inhabitant of the republic of Macedonia.

    • ‘I was born in Greek Macedonia, specifically in the city of Edessa, and so I identify myself as follows: an Edessian, a Macedonian, a Greek, a Balkan, and a European.’
    • ‘One million people in Greece consider themselves Macedonians.’
    • ‘Should you decide to visit Bulgaria, you will share your tourist status with Czechs, Russians, Serbs, Israelis, Romanians and Macedonians, who have been coming here for years.’
    • ‘The Macedonians drive like the Italians.’
    • ‘In many schools in Perth there is a mix of Italians, Greeks, Macedonians, and those of British and Irish descent.’
    • ‘When two Greeks discuss about their origins, they say “I am a Cretan” or “I am a Macedonian”.’
    • ‘I myself am a Macedonian, and another two and a half million Greeks are Macedonians.’
    • ‘By getting a Bulgarian passport, a Macedonian will be then able to travel freely around the Schengen countries.’
    • ‘The modern Macedonian state is formed from one of communist Yugoslavia's six constituent republics where the Macedonians were recognized as a distinct people.’
  • 2The South Slavic language of the republic of Macedonia and adjacent parts of Bulgaria.

    • ‘Since 1997 the Bulgarian government has acknowledged Macedonian as a separate language.’
    • ‘As part of her responsibility, she may be called upon to translate documents from Macedonian into English.’
    • ‘The Macedonian Peoples Republic (with Macedonian as the official language) was established in 1944.’
    • ‘They published several newspapers and magazines in Macedonian and other Slavic languages, and found an interested readership.’
    • ‘Like most Slavonic languages, Macedonian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.’
    1. 2.1 The language of ancient Macedonia, possibly a dialect of Greek.
      • ‘Entering the lecture hall, Maridakis asked a question in Greek, to be sharply told that speaking in Macedonian was not welcome.’
      • ‘For instance, during his argument with Clitus, which led to his good friend's death, at the end Alexander is said to have called for his guards in Macedonian when he felt his life threatened.’


  • Relating to Macedonia or Macedonian.

    • ‘The Aitolians, whose power had been steadily rising since their triumph over the Gauls at Delphi in 279, were an obvious threat to Macedonian hegemony.’
    • ‘This was possible because the Macedonian shield was smaller than the hoplite shield, and because each soldier, instead of wielding a spear or sword, used both hands to hold a long pike steady in front of him.’
    • ‘The Macedonian phalanx was Philip's creation, extended by Alexander.’
    • ‘Alexander personally led the right, which held the Macedonian cavalry.’
    • ‘In ancient Greece the tendency towards greater professionalism reached its climax with the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great.’